Chin J Plan Ecolo ›› 2015, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (6): 621-634.doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2015.0060

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Potential analysis of grass endophytes Neotyphodium as biocontrol agents

LI Xiu-Zhang, YAO Xiang, LI Chun-Jie*(), NAN Zhi-Biao   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-ecosystems;College of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730020, China
  • Received:2014-11-14 Accepted:2015-05-20 Online:2015-07-02 Published:2015-06-01
  • Contact: Chun-Jie LI E-mail:chunjie@lzu.edu.cn
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

Abstract:

Many grasses in the subfamily Pooideae develop symbioses with Neotyphodium fungal endophytes, which exist widely in nature. The stably symbiotic relationship not only ensures accessible nutrients required by Neotyphodium fungal endophytes, but also significantly increases the resistance of host grasses to biological stresses through the production of secondary metabolites. Previous studies show that infected grasses with endophytic fungi have prominently enhanced resistance to pests, plant diseases, companion plants and other biological stresses. Grass endophytic fungi show remarkable resistant to at least 79 species of pests from three classes; arachnida, nematode and insecta, and to at least 22 species of pathogenic fungi. Although the biotechnological application of endophytic fungi in grass breeding for variety selection and quality improvement has progressed well, opportunities remain for further exploring the use of fungal endophytes among different host grasses coupled with the examination of genetic stability of Neotyphodium in novel host grasses. In the future application of endophytic fungi as a bio-control method, researchers should not only consider specificities of host grasses, but also need to have comprehensive analysis and knowledge about the mutual relationships among grasses, endophytic fungi and ecological environments, which will help use endophytic fungi to better serve humanity.

Key words: Neotyphodium, pest resistance, disease resistance, biocontrol factor, potential analysis

Table 1

Insect, nematodes and mites deterred by Neotyphodium/Epichloë species (adapted from Kuldau & Bacon, 2008)"

内生真菌 Endophyte 宿主植物 Host plant 害虫 Pest
Epichloë glyceriae 苇状羊茅 Festuca arundinacea 禾谷缢管蚜 Rhopalosiphum padi
E. sylvatica 短柄草 Brachypodium sylvaticum 草地贪夜蛾 Spodoptera frugiperda
E. festucae 苇状羊茅 F. arundinacea Endria inimica
东亚飞蝗 Locusta migratoria
黑腹果蝇 Drosophila melanogaster
Exitianus exitiosus
麦长管蚜 Sitobion avenae
紫羊茅 F. rubra Meloidogyne naasi
Metopolophium festucae
Meloidogyne marylandii
Anguina funina
帽状纽带线虫 Hoplolaimus galeatus
双角螺旋线虫 Helicotylenchus digonicus
异毛刺线虫属 Paratrichodorus sp.
E. festuca var. lolii 多花黑麦草 Lolium perenne 黑异爪蔗金龟 Heteronychus arator
E. typhina 苇状羊茅 F. arundinacea Balanococcus poae
Graphania mutans
Persectania ewingii
Neotyphodium coenophialum 苇状羊茅 F. arundinacea 草螟蛾属 Crambus sp.
赤拟谷盗 Tribolium castaneum
Exomala orientalis
玉米跳甲 Chaetocnema pulicaria
禾谷缢管蚜 Rhopalosiphum padi
黑角负泥虫 Oulema melanopus
Adoryphorus coulonii
Graphania mutans
Prosapia bicincta
玉米螟 Ostrinia nubilalis
日本丽金龟 Popillia japonica
乳香平翅根蚜 Aploneura lentisci
斯克里布纳短体线虫 Pratylenchus scribneri
白符跳 Folsomia candida
咖啡短体线虫 Pratylenchus goodeyi
Sphenophorus inaequalis
玉米蚜 Rhopalosiphum maidis
Pogonomyrmex rugosus
N. gansuense 醉马草 Achnatherum inebrians 猬草瘿螨 Abacarus hystrix
亚洲小车蝗 Oedaleus decorus
针毛收获蚁 Messor aciculatus
Pogonomyrmex rugosus
罗格斯石竹蚁 Tetranychus cinnabarinus
N. uncinatum 草甸羊茅 F. pratensis 阿根廷茎象甲 Listronotus bonariensis
玉米跳甲 Chaetocnema pulicaria
黑异爪蔗金龟 Heteronychus arator
褐新西兰肋翅鳃角金龟 Costelytra zealandica
内生真菌 Endophyte 宿主植物 Host plant 害虫 Pest
短齿默林线虫 Merlinius brevidens
伤残短体线虫 Pratylenchus pratensis
索氏短体线虫 Pratylenchus thornei
原始毛刺线虫 Trichodorus primitivus
早熟禾缢瘤蚜 Rhopalomyzus poae
N. lolii 多花黑麦草 L. perenne 澳洲日野黑蟋蟀 Teleogryllus commodus
Parapediasia sp.
Meloidogyne naasi
大螟 Sesamia inferens
Cyclocephala lurida
Meloidogyne marylandii
玉米跳甲 Chaetocnema pulicaria
谷物锈螨 Abacarus hystrix
禾谷缢管蚜 Rhopalosiphum padi
黑角负泥虫 Oulema melanopus
Draeculocephala cephala
家蟋蟀 Acheta domesticus
麦无网长管蚜 Metopolophium dirhodum
Graphania mutans
玉米螟 Ostrinia nubilalis
乳香平翅根蚜 Aploneura lentisci
条沙叶蝉Psammotettix striatus
Bitylenchus maximus
Bitylenchus dubius
亚洲玉米螟 Ostrinia furnacalis
Agallia constricta
玉米蚜 Rhopalosiphum maidis
N. starrii 亚利桑那羊茅 F. arizonica 黄地老虎 Agrotis segetum
小地老虎 Agrotis ipsilon
Agrotis infusa
Neotyphodium spp. 布顿大麦草 Hordeum bogdanii 麦双尾蚜 Diuraphis noxia
草甸羊茅 F. pratensis 美洲毛谷杆长蝽 Blissus leucopterus hirtus
苇状羊茅 F. arundinacea Philobota productella
Cyclocephala lurida
玉米跳甲 Chaetocnema pulicaria
Aphodius tasmaniae
黄伪毛蚜 Sipha flava
褐新西兰肋翅鳃角金龟 Costelytra zealandica
麦二叉蚜 Schizaphis graminum
Draeculacephala antica
Sphenophorus minimus
杂拟谷盗 Tribolium confusum
多花黑麦草 L. perenne 阿根廷茎象甲 Listronotus bonariensis
滨海油葫芦 Teleogryllus oceanicus
莓蚜 Sitobion fragariae
内生真菌 Endophyte 宿主植物 Host plant 害虫 Pest
长毛草盲蝽 Lygus rugulipennis
玉米跳甲 Chaetocnema pulicaria
Mythimna convecta
Graminella nigrifrons
锯谷盗 Oryzaephilus surinamensis
赤须盲蝽 Trigonotylus caelestialium
Sphenophorus venatus
麦二叉蚜 Schizaphis graminum
乳草长蝽 Oncopeltus fasciatus
Persectania ewingii
Trigonotylus caelestialum
较小拟毛刺线虫 Paratrichodorus minor
Mythimna unipuncta
早熟禾结网毛虫 Parapediasia teterrella
牧草尖隐喙象 Sphenophorus parvulus
粘虫 Mythimna separate
Pseudalectia unipunctata
野大麦 H. brevisubulatum subsp. violaceum 麦双尾蚜 Diuraphis noxia
紫羊茅 F. rubra 美洲毛谷杆长蝽 Blissus leucopterus hirtus
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