Chin J Plan Ecolo ›› 2015, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (12): 1136-1145.doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2015.0110

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Species association and correlation between vertical layers in the Liquidambar formosana community in Tiantong region, Zhejiang Province

ZHOU Liu-Li1,2, ZHANG Qing-Qing1,2, ZHAO Yan-Tao1,2, XU Ming-Shan1,2, CHENG Jun-Yang1,2, ZHU Dan-Ni1,2, SONG Yan-Jun1,2, HUANG Hai-Xia3, SHI Qing-Ru1,2, YAN En-Rong1,2,*()   

  1. 1School of Ecological and Environmental Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
    2Tiantong National Forest Ecosystem Observation and Research Station, Ningbo, Zhejiang 315114, China
    and 3Songjiang District Jiuting No. 2 Middle School, Shanghai 201615, China
  • Online:2015-12-31 Published:2015-12-01
  • Contact: En-Rong YAN E-mail:eryan@des.ecnu.edu.cn
  • About author:# Co-first authors

Abstract:

Aims Interspecific relationship is one of the most important properties in plant communities. Analyzing species association and correlation between vertical layers in plant communities is ecologically crucial for understanding community structure, dynamics and classification. The objective of this study was to test how plant species in contrasting vertical layers of plant communities associate and correlate. Methods The study sites are located in Tiantong region in Zhejiang Province. Community structure and species composition were measured in an early successional community of Liquidambar formosana. Interspecific relationships were examined between 3 tree species and 3 sub-tree species, between 3 tree species and 28 shrub species, and between 3 sub-tree species and 28 shrub species. Interspecific relationships were analyzed by using χ2-test for 2 × 2 contingency table, variance ratio (VR) test and spearman rank correlation test.Important findings With respect to tree and sub-tree layers, positive significant association was not observed for overall species. Species were independent with each other for most species pairs. Few species pairs showed significant association or correlation. Regarding tree and shrub layers, there were significant positive associations between overall species. Species between tree and shrub layers were more dependent on each other, with the most species showing significant association or correlation. Similarly, positive significant association existed for overall species between sub-tree and shrub layers, displaying a close interspecific relationship. These results suggest that the convergences of species behavior and habitat acclimatization, and complementary differences in habitat requirement over species between vertical layers might be the main driver affecting patterns of species association and correlation in the early successional community.

Key words: association coefficient, correlation coefficient, evergreen broadleaved forest, early stage of succession, interspecific relationship

Table 1

List of selected species among vertical layers in the community of Liquidambar formosana"

物种 Species
乔木层 Tree layer 枫香树 Liquidambar formosana、黄檀 Dalbergia hupeana、檫木 Sassafras tzumu
亚乔木层 Sub-tree layer 红楠 Machilus thunbergii、黄檀 Dalbergia hupeana、赤皮青冈 Cyclobalanopsis gilva
灌木层 Shrub layer 红楠 Machilus thunbergii、赤皮青冈 Cyclobalanopsis gilva、山胡椒 Lindera glauca、矮小天仙果 Ficus erecta、山矾 Symplocos sumuntia、格药柃 Eurya muricata、红果山胡椒 Lindera erythrocarpa、苎麻 Boehmeria nivea、黄丹木姜子 Litsea elongata、大青 Clerodendrum cyrtophyllum、紫楠 Phoebe sheareri、红脉钓樟 Lindera rubronervia 、赛山梅 Styrax confusus、野柿 Diospyros kaki、青冈 Cyclobalanopsis glauca、窄基红褐柃 Eurya rubiginosa、糙叶树 Aphananthe aspera 、米槠 Castanopsis carlesii 、茶 Camellia sinensis、朴树 Celtis sinensis、枸骨 Ilex cornuta、胡颓子 Elaeagnus pungens、苦枥木 Fraxinus insularis、锦绣杜鹃 Rhododendron pulchrum、栲 Castanopsis fargesii、雷公鹅耳枥 Carpinus viminea、毛脉槭 Acer pubinerve、黄檀 Dalbergia hupeana

Table 2

Results of association and correlation tests of species-pairs between tree layer and sub-tree layer"

检验方法
Test methods
乔木层物种
Tree layer species
正联结(相关)
Positive association (correlation)
负联结(相关)
Negative association (correlation)
χ2检验
χ2-test
枫香树 Liquidambar formosana
檫木 Sassafras tzumu
黄檀 Dalbergia hupeana
Spearman秩相关检验
Spearman rank correlation test
枫香树 Liquidambar formosana
檫木 Sassafras tzumu 红楠 Machilus thunbergii *
黄檀 Dalbergia hupeana

Table 3

Results of association tests of species-pairs between tree layer and shrub layer"

检验方法
Test methods
乔木层物种
Tree layer species
正联结
Positive association
负联结
Negative association
χ2检验
χ2-test
枫香树
Liquidambar
formosana
青冈 Cyclobalanopsis glauca**、山矾 Symplocos sumuntia**、枸骨 Ilex cornuta*、红脉钓樟 Lindera rubronervia*、胡颓子 Elaeagnus pungens*、黄丹木姜子 Litsea elongata*、锦绣杜鹃 Rhododendron pulchrum*、米槠 Castanopsis carlesii*、窄基红褐柃 Eurya rubiginosa* 苎麻 Boehmeria nivea*
檫木
Sassafras tzumu
毛脉槭 Acer pubinerve*
黄檀
Dalbergia hupeana
Spearman
秩相关检验
Spearman rank correlation test
枫香树
Liquidambar
formosana
糙叶树 Aphananthe aspera**、赤皮青冈 Cyclobalanopsis gilva**、格药柃 Eurya muricata**、枸骨 Ilex cornuta**、红果山胡椒 Lindera erythrocarpa**、红脉钓樟 Lindera rubronervia**、红楠 Machilus thunbergii**、锦绣杜鹃 Rhododendron pulchrum**、米槠 Castanopsis carlesii**、青冈 Cyclobalanopsis glauca**、山矾 Symplocos sumuntia**、山胡椒 Lindera glauca**、野柿 Diospyros kaki**、窄基红褐柃 Eurya rubiginosa**、胡颓子 Elaeagnus pungens*、栲 Castanopsis fargesii*、赛山梅 Styrax confusus*、紫楠 Phoebe sheareri*
檫木
Sassafras tzumu
红楠 Machilus thunbergii*、毛脉槭 Acer pubinerve* 苎麻 Boehmeria nivea*
黄檀
Dalbergia
hupeana
苎麻 Boehmeria nivea* 赤皮青冈 Cyclobalanopsis gilva**、格药柃 Eurya muricata**、青冈 Cyclobalanopsis glauca**、山矾 Symplocos sumuntia**、山胡椒 Lindera glauca**、红楠 Machilus thunbergii*、赛山梅 Styrax confusus*、野柿 Diospyros kaki*

Table 4

Results of association test of species-pairs between sub-tree layer and shrub layer"

检验方法
Test methods
亚乔木层物种
Sub-tree layer species
正联结
Positive association
负联结
Negative association
χ2检验
χ2-test
红楠 Machilus thunbergii 紫楠 Phoebe sheareri*
赤皮青冈 Cyclobalanopsis gilva
黄檀 Dalbergia hupeana
Spearman秩相关检验
Spearman rank correlation test
红楠 Machilus thunbergii 赤皮青冈 Cyclobalanopsis gilva**、雷公鹅耳枥 Carpinus viminea**、锦绣杜鹃 Rhododendron pulchrum**、毛脉槭 Acer pubinerve**、米槠 Castanopsis carlesii**、朴树 Celtis sinensis**、赛山梅 Styrax confusus**、山矾 Symplocos sumuntia**、山胡椒 Lindera glauca** 苎麻 Boehmeria nivea**、糙叶树 Aphananthe aspera*、红果山胡椒 Lindera erythrocarpa*
赤皮青冈 Cyclobalanopsis gilva 锦绣杜鹃 Rhododendron pulchrum*、毛脉槭 Acer pubinerve*
黄檀 Dalbergia hupeana 毛脉槭 Acer pubinerve*、山矾 Symplocos sumuntia*、矮小天仙果 Ficus erecta*
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