Progress in the Effects of Elevated Ground-Level Ozone on Terrestrial Ecosystem

Zhao-Zhong FENG1,Xiangyang Yuan2,Li Pin3,Bo Shang2,Qin Ping4,Tingjian Hu2,Shuo Liu4   

  1. 1.
    2. Research Center for Eco-Environmental Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences
    3. Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences,
    4. Research Centre for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Received:2019-06-13 Revised:2019-09-17 Online:2019-09-30
  • Contact: Zhao-Zhong FENG

Abstract: Rising ground-level ozone (O3) is currently an essential environmental issue in the world, especially in China. While research on the effects of O3 on leaf photosynthetic gas exchange, plant growth and biomass has received a lot of attention, ecosystem-scale studies are however scarce and subject to great uncertainties. This article combs trends and hotpots of ground-level O3 concentration and its effects on plants and ecosystems over the past 40 years. Research techniques and assessment methods for studying the ecological effects of ozone pollution are covered. The most important advances on the impacts of elevated ozone on terrestrial ecosystem are reviewed: plant response mechanisms, effects on grain yield, crop quality, carbon sequestration capacity, community structure and below-ground processes of different terrestrial ecosystems. Finally, regional risk assessment of the O3 pollution is discussed. Considering the main knowledge gaps, future research should focus on belowground ecosystem response to elevated O3 and should also incorporate O3 and multi-factor experiments using Free-Air ozone Concentration Elevation (FACE) system. More attention should also be paid on food security, establishment of Asian ozone network, standardization of risk assessment approach, and exploration of ecological measures to reduce the negative effects of O3 pollution. This review can help to promote more studies on the ecological effects of ground-level O3 pollution.

Key words: elevated ground-level ozone concentration, terrestrial ecosystem, effect, response, carbon sequestration, risk assessment

[1] HUANG Mei,WANG Na,WANG Zhao-Sheng,GONG He. Modeling phosphorus effects on the carbon cycle in terrestrial ecosystems [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(6): 471-479.
[2] SHI Na-Na, XIAO Neng-Wen, WANG Qi, HAN Yu, GAO Xiao-Qi, FENG Jin, QUAN Zhan-Jun. Spatio-temporal dynamics of normalized differential vegetation index and its driving factors in Xilin Gol, China [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(4): 331-341.
[3] LIU Cheng-Zhu, JIA Juan, DAI Guo-Hua, MA Tian, FENG Xiao-Juan. Origin and distribution of neutral sugars in soils [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(4): 284-295.
[4] JIAO Liang, WANG Ling-Ling, LI Li, CHEN Xiao-Xia, YAN Xiang-Xiang. Divergent responses of radial growth of Larix sibirica to climate change in Altay Mountains of Xinjiang, China [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(4): 320-330.
[5] FENG Chan-Ying, ZHENG Cheng-Yang, TIAN Di. Impacts of nitrogen addition on plant phosphorus content in forest ecosystems and the underlying mechanisms [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(3): 185-196.
[6] TIAN Da-Shuan. Effects of the supply levels and ratios of nitrogen and phosphorus on seed traits of Chenopodium glaucum [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(9): 963-970.
[7] DIAO Li-Wei,LI Ping,LIU Wei-Xing,XU Shan,QIAO Chun-Lian,ZENG Hui,LIU Ling-Li. Response of plant biomass to nitrogen addition and precipitation increasing under different climate conditions and time scales in grassland [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2018, 42(8): 818-830.
[8] ZHANG Yun, YIN Ding-Cai, TIAN Kun, ZHANG Wei-Guo, HE Rong-Hua, HE Wen-Qing, SUN Jiang-Mei, LIU Zhen-Ya. Radial growth responses of Picea likiangensis to climate variabilities at different altitudes in Yulong Snow Mountain, southwest China [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(6): 629-639.
[9] Chun-Yan PI, Xin LIU, Zhe WANG, Wei-Kai BAO. Bryophyte-cyanobacteria symbioses and their nitrogen fixation capacity—A review [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(4): 407-418.
[10] Zi-Piao YE, Shi-Hua DUAN, Ting AN, Hua-Jing KANG. Determination of maximum electron transport rate and its impact on allocation of electron flow [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(4): 498-507.
[11] YE Zi-Piao, DUAN Shi-Hua, AN Ting, KANG Hua-Jing. Construction of CO2-response model of electron transport rate in C4 crop and its application [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2018, 42(10): 1000-1008.
[12] CHEN Ning, ZHANG Yang-Jian, ZHU Jun-Tao, LI Jun-Xiang, LIU Yao-Jie, ZU Jia-Xing, CONG Nan, HUANG Ke, WANG Li. Nonlinear responses of productivity and diversity of alpine meadow communities to degradation [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(1): 50-65.
[13] Xi LI, Fang WANG, Yang CAO, Shou-Zhang PENG, Yun-Ming CHEN. Soil carbon storage and its determinants in the forests of Shaanxi Province, China [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2017, 41(9): 953-963.
[14] Jian-Rong GUO, Xian-Chong WAN. Circadian rhythm of root pressure in popular and its driving factors [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2017, 41(3): 369-377.
[15] Liang-Jun ZHU, Zong-Shan LI, Xiao-Chun WANG. Anatomical characteristics of xylem in tree rings and its relationship with environments [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2017, 41(2): 238-251.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] Li-Xia CHENG Ping. Study on Tissue Culture and Macropropagation of Peeling-pineapple[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2002, 19(02): 231 -233 .
[2] Lin Zhong-ping. Isolating of mRNA and Polysome from Plant[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1984, 2(05): 52 -54 .
[3] Hao Nai-bin;Ge Qiao-ying and Du Wei-guang. Advances in the Study of the Photosynthetic Physiology in Breeding High Photosynthetic Efficiency Soybean[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1991, 8(02): 13 -20 .
[4] Mingkun Liu;Guanjun Liu;Xiufeng Yan. Co-expression of Polygonum sibiricum Glutathione Transferase and Cysteine Synthase Genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2008, 25(06): 687 -694 .
[5] Dahong Li;Hui Liu;Yanli Yang;Pingping Zhen;Jiansheng Liang. Down-regulation of OsRACK1 by Anti-sense Approach Results in Drought Tolerance Enhancement in Rice (Oryza sativa)[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2008, 25(06): 648 -655 .
[6] Xiuxia He;Yuanhua Yu*;Yong Zhang. Genetic Transformation of PSY Gene in Ginseng[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2008, 25(05): 579 -584 .
[7] Qinghua Zhao*. Tissue Culture and Rapid Propagation of Cornus alba L.[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2008, 25(02): 220 .
[8] Juan Shi Baohua Zhu Kehou Pan. Advances in Research into the Production of Very Long-chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Transgenic Plants[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2007, 24(05): 659 -666 .
[9] Jiyan Qi Jianghua Yang Chaorong Tang. Sucrose Transporter Genes and Their Functions in Plants[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2007, 24(04): 532 -543 .
[10] Lu Xue-hua and Chen Yang-chun. Tissue Culture and Plantlet Regeneration from Bulb of Lycoris aurea[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1989, 6(03): 169 .