The distribution of shrub sampling plots in China on the photo of shrubland landscape in Qinghai-Xizang Plateau. The photo provided by the office of the project of “Status, Changes and Mechanisms of Carbon Sequestration of Shrublands in China” (Grant No. XDA05050300). This special issue focuses on biomass estimation models and allocation patterns, ecological stoichiometric characteristics of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus for dominant shrub species. The papers are also relevant with composition of plant life forms, response of soil respiration to nitrogen addition in some shrublands, carbon stock and its spatial distribution, and storage of c arbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in some shrublands.