Chin J Plan Ecolo ›› 2015, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (7): 736-745.doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2015.0070

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Dust capturing capacities of twenty-six deciduous broad-leaved trees in Beijing

FAN Shu-Xin1, YAN Hai1, QI Shi-Ming-Yue1, BAI Wei-Lan2, PI Ding-Jun3, LI Xiong1, DONG Li1,*()   

  1. 1Beijing Laboratory of Urban and Rural Ecological Environment, College of Landscape Architecture, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
    2China Urban Construction Design & Research Institute Co. Ltd., Beijing 100120, China
    3Urban Administration and Control Center of Chaoyang District, Beijing 100020, China
  • Online:2015-07-22 Published:2015-07-01
  • Contact: Li DONG E-mail:dongli@bjfu.edu.cn
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

Abstract: Aims Aiming at providing basic informations on dust capturing capacity of different tree species and criterions for selecting trees in landscape design, this study selected 26 deciduous broad-leaved tree species widely used in urban landscaping in Beijing to measure the dust capturing both in field and indoor experiments. Methods The dust deposition per unit leaf area of each species was quantified by determining the mass difference before and after the treatment of blades. The dust deposition per leaf and plant were further calculated for each species. Based on the dust capturing capacity measured in three different units, cluster analysis on different tree species was carried out from distinct dimensions. Important findings Results showed that the dust capturing capacity differed significantly among tree species, and the ranking changed with measurement units selected in the experiments. For different specific evaluation focuses, choosing a diverse unit combination as clustering factor, the 26 deciduous broad-leaved tree species were broadly divided into different categories representing different dust capturing capacity level. Dust capturing capacity was closely related to the surface characteristics of leaves, the dust capturing method, the plant structure, the leaf amount of whole plant, the dust content of the environment, etc. Therefore, multiple factors should be taken into account in the assessment of dust capturing capacity of different tree species.

Key words: deciduous broad-leaved trees, dust capturing capacity of leave, dust capturing capacity of plant, comprehensive dust capturing capacity, measurement unit of the dust capturing

Table 1

Tree species in the experiment"

植物生活型 Life form of plant 序号 No. 树种 Species 科 Family
落叶阔叶乔木
Deciduous broad-leaved trees
1 银杏 Ginkgo biloba 银杏科 Ginkgoaceae
2 三球悬铃木 Platanus orientalis 悬铃木科 Platanaceae
3 杜仲 Eucommia ulmoides 杜仲科 Eucommiaceae
4 毛白杨 Populus tomentosa 杨柳科 Salicaceae
5 加杨 Populus × canadensis 杨柳科 Salicaceae
6 绦柳 Salix matsudana ‘Pendula’ 杨柳科 Salicaceae
7 红叶碧桃 Amygdalus persica ‘Atropurpurea’ 蔷薇科 Rosaceae
8 紫叶李 Prunus cerasifera 蔷薇科 Rosaceae
9 刺槐 Robinia pseudoacacia 蝶形花科 Papilionaceae
10 Sophora japonica 蝶形花科 Papilionaceae
11 石榴 Punica granatum 石榴科 Punicaceae
12 栾树 Koelreuteria paniculata 无患子科 Sapindaceae
13 臭椿 Ailanthus altissima 苦木科 Simaroubaceae
14 美国红梣 Fraxinus pennsylvanica 木犀科 Oleaceae
15 白蜡树 Fraxinus chinensis 木犀科 Oleaceae
落叶阔叶灌木
Deciduous broad-leaved shrubs
16 紫叶小檗 Berberis thunbergii ‘Atropurpurea’ 小檗科 Berberidaceae
17 木槿 Hibiscus syriacus 锦葵科 Malvaceae
18 榆叶梅 Amygdalus triloba 蔷薇科 Rosaceae
19 棣棠花 Kerria japonica 蔷薇科 Rosaceae
20 西府海棠 Malus spectabilis ‘Riversii’ 蔷薇科 Rosaceae
21 华北珍珠梅 Sorbaria kirilowii 蔷薇科 Rosaceae
22 紫薇 Lagerstroemia indica 千屈菜科 Lythraceae
23 紫丁香 Syringa oblata 木犀科 Oleaceae
24 连翘 Forsythia suspense 木犀科 Oleaceae
25 迎春花 Jasminum nudiflorum 木犀科 Oleaceae
26 金银忍冬 Lonicera maackii 忍冬科 Caprifoliaceae

Fig. 1

The distribution of sampling area in the study."

Fig. 2

Comparison of the dust deposition per unit leaf area of 26 deciduous broad-leaved species (mean ± SD, n = 3). Aa, Ailanthus altissima; At, Amygdalus triloba; Bt, Berberis thunbergii ‘Atropurpurea’; Eu, Eucommia ulmoides; Fc, Fraxinus chinensis; Fp, Fraxinus pennsylvanica; Fs, Forsythia suspensa; Gb, Ginkgo biloba; Hs, Hibiscus syriacus; Jn, Jasminum nudiflorum; Kj, Kerria japonica; Kp, Koelreuteria paniculata; Li, Lagerstroemia indica; Lm, Lonicera maackii; Ms, Malus spectabilis ‘Riversii’; Pc, Prunus cerasifera; Pc', Populus × canadensis; Pg, Punica granatum; Po, Platanus orientalis; Pp, Amygdalus persica ‘Atropurpurea’; Pt, Populus tomentosa; Rp, Robinia pseudoacacia; Sk, Sorbaria kirilowii; Sj, Sophora japonica; Sm, Salix matsudana ‘Pendula’; So, Syringa oblata. Different lowercase letters indicate significant differences (p < 0.01)."

Fig. 3

Comparison of the dust deposition per leaf of 26 deciduous broad-leaved species. Refer caption in Fig. 2 for abbreviation of species names."

Fig. 4

Comparison of the dust deposition per plant of 26 deciduous broad-leaved species. Refer caption in Fig. 2 for abbreviation of species names."

Table 2

The cluster analysis of the dust deposition per unit leaf area and per leaf for different deciduous broad-leaved species"

排序
Sequence
聚类中心 Cluster center 距离
Distance
树种
Species
单位叶面积滞尘量
Dust deposition per unit leaf area (g·m-2)
单叶滞尘量
Dust deposition per leaf (g·leaf-1)
1 1.459 9 0.002 37 无 None Pc
2 1.110 3 0.002 03 0.475 At, Li, Lm
3 0.665 9 0.002 26 0.788 Fs, So, Pp, Gb
4 0.402 8 0.007 79 1.084 Po, Pt, Sj, Kp, Aa, Fc, Bt, Hs, Jn
5 0.103 1 0.000 14 1.203 Pe, Eu, Sm, Rp, Pg, Fp, Kj, Mm, Sk

Table 3

The cluster analysis of the dust deposition per plant for different deciduous broad-leaved species"

排序
Sequence
聚类中心 Cluster center 距离
Distance
树种
Species
单株滞尘量
Dust deposition per plant (kg·plant-1)
1 0.352 2 无 None Po
2 0.152 6 0.200 Pt
3 0.117 8 0.241 Gb, Pe, Pc
4 0.055 5 0.306 Rp, Sj, Fc, At, So
5 0.000 4 0.343 Li, Lm, Pp, Fs, Kp, Jn, Bt, Hs, Aa, Kj, Mm, Sm, Fp, Eu, Sk, Pg

Table 4

The cluster analysis results among different deciduous broad-leaved species in all the dust deposition per unit leaf area, the dust deposition per leaf and the dust deposition per plant"

排序
Sequence
聚类中心 Cluster center 距离
Distance
树种
Species
单位叶面积滞尘量
Dust deposition per unit leaf area (g·m-2)
单叶滞尘量
Dust deposition per leaf (g·leaf-1)
单株滞尘量
Dust deposition per plant (kg·plant-1)
1 1.459 9 0.002 37 0.112 0 无 None Pc
2 0.931 3 0.001 91 0.043 2 0.533 At, Li, Lm, Gb
3 0.521 0 0.001 41 0.041 5 0.942 Jn, Fs, So, Fc, Kp, Pp, Pt
4 0.402 8 0.007 79 0.352 2 1.084 Po
5 0.232 1 0.000 40 0.022 4 1.231 Eu, Pe, Sm, Rp, Sj, Pg, Aa, Fp, Bt, Hs, Kj, Mm, Sk
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