Chin J Plant Ecol ›› 2019, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (4): 320-330.doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2019.0014

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Divergent responses of radial growth of Larix sibirica to climate change in Altay Mountains of Xinjiang, China

JIAO Liang1,2,*(),WANG Ling-Ling1,LI Li1,CHEN Xiao-Xia1,YAN Xiang-Xiang1   

  1. 1 College of Geography and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China
    2 Key Laboratory of Tree-ring Physical and Chemical Research of China Meteorological Administration, Institute of Desert Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, ürümqi, ürümqi 830002, China;
  • Received:2019-01-15 Revised:2019-03-29 Online:2019-08-29 Published:2019-04-20
  • Contact: JIAO Liang E-mail:jiaoliang@nwnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(41861006);the Scientific Research Program of Higher Education Institutions of Gansu Province(2018C-02)

Abstract:

AimsThe objective of this study was to determine the temporal stability of relationships between radial growth of Larix sibirica and climatic factors in Altay Mountains.
MethodsTree-ring samples were collected at high altitude (2 069 m) in Altay Mountains of Xinjiang, China. Residual chronologies (RES) were established by using the tree-ring width data. Growth-climate relationships were investigated by calculating the Pearson correlation coefficients between tree-ring width chronology and climatic factors. Moreover, the variations in radial growth in response to climatic factors were calculated by a moving correlation function with a 30-year time window using the DendroClim 2002 program.
Important findings Temperature in the early and middle growing seasons exerted the greatest control on the radial growth in Larix sibirica of the study region, with a significant negative correlation between the radial growth of trees and the air temperatures in the current April (mean minimum air temperature: r = -0.308, p < 0.05; mean air temperature: r = -0.324, p < 0.05; mean maximum air temperature: r = -0.330, p < 0.05), and a significant positive correlation between the radial growth and temperatures from June to July (mean minimum air temperature: r = 0.499, p < 0.01; mean air temperature: r = 0.456, p < 0.01; mean maximum air temperature: r = 0.431, p < 0.01). The radial growth in Larix sibirica exhibited divergent responses to temperature in April and from June to July. Specifically, with the changes in climate, the radial growth response sensitivity of trees showed a gradually increasing trend to drought caused by high temperature in current April, while the sensitivity to the temperature decreased initially and then increased from the current June to July. Our results show that the radial growth of Larix sibirica in Altay Mountains was sensitive to climatic factors, making it suitable to study the relationships between tree growth and climate change. Under climate change, our findings on divergent response of radial growth in Larix sibirica to climatic factors would provide a scientific basis for accurately reconstructing historical climate and predicting forest ecosystem dynamics based on tree-ring data.

Key words: divergent response, climate change, Larix sibirica, dendroclimatology, Altay Mountains

Fig. 1

Variations in monthly mean minimum air temperature, mean air temperature, mean maximum air temperature and total precipitation from 1959 to 2012 in study area of Altay Mountains."

Fig. 2

Variations in annual mean minimum air temperature, mean air temperature, mean maximum air temperature and total precipitation during 1959-2012 in study area of Altay Mountains."

Table 1

Main parameters of tree-ring residual chronology of Larix sibirica in Altay Mountains"

统计特征 Statistics 数值 Value
平均敏感度 Mean sensitivity (MS) 0.216
标准偏差 Standard deviation (SD) 0.212
一阶自回归系数 First-order serial autocorrelation (AC1) 0.122
样本相关系数 Correlation coefficient for all series (R1) 0.467
树内相关系数 Correlation coefficients within trees (R2) 0.673
树间相关系数 Correlation coefficients between trees (R3) 0.463
第一主分量方差 Variance in first eigenvector (PC1)(%) 48.5
信噪比 Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) 38.59
样本总体解释量 Expressed population signal (EPS) 0.975
信号强度(SSS) > 0.85起始年(树芯数)
First year of SSS > 0.85 (Number of tree-ring)
1 788 (6)

Fig. 3

Correlations between tree-ring width chronology of Larix sibirica and monthly total precipitation from 1959 to 2012 in Altay Mountains. p, previous year; c, current year."

Fig. 4

Correlations between tree-ring width chronology of Larix sibirica and monthly mean minimum temperature, mean temperature and mean maximum temperature from 1959 to 2012 in Altay Mountains. The open pentagrams represent significant correlation at the 0.05 level and the solid pentagrams represent significant correlation at the 0.01 level. p, previous year; c, current year."

Fig. 5

Moving crrelation between tree ring width chronology in Larix sibirica and monthly climnatic fators in Altay Mountains. Moving window: 30 years. The five pointed stars represent signifcance at the0.05 level. The black bars represent positive correlation and the gray bars represent negative correlation. p, previous year; c, current year."

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