Chin J Plan Ecolo ›› 2017, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (9): 1020-1032.doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2016.0366

• Reviews • Previous Articles    

Plant water-regulation strategies: Isohydric versus anisohydric behavior

Dan-Dan LUO, Chuan-Kuan WANG*(), Ying JIN   

  1. Center for Ecological Research, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
  • Received:2016-11-29 Revised:2017-05-31 Online:2017-10-23 Published:2017-09-10
  • Contact: Chuan-Kuan WANG


Water is a vital resource for plant survival, growth and distribution, and it is of significance to explore mechanisms of plant water-relations regulation and responses to drought in ecophysiology and global change ecology. Plants adapt to different climates and soil water regimes and develop divergent water-regulation strategies involving a suite of related traits, of which two typical types are isohydric and anisohydric behaviors. It is critical to distinguish water-regulation strategies of plants and reveal the underlying mechanisms for plant breeding and vegetation restoration especially in xeric regions; and it is also important for developing more accurate vegetation dynamic models and predicting vegetation distribution under climate change scenarios. In this review, we first recalled the definitions of isohydric and anisohydric regulations and three quantitative classification methods that were established based on the relationships (1) between stomatal conductance and leaf water potential, (2) between stomatal conductance and vapor pressure deficit, (3) between predawn and midday leaf water potentials. We then compared the two water-regulation strategies in terms of hydraulics and carbon-economics traits. We synthesized the mechanisms of plant water-regulation and found that the interaction between hydraulic and chemical signals was the dominant factor controlling plant water-regulation behavior. Last, we proposed three promising aspects in this field: (1) to explore reliable and universal methods for classifying plant water-regulation strategies based on extensive investigation of the traits related with plant water-relations in various regions; (2) to explore relationships between plant water-regulation strategies and traits of hydraulics, morphology, structure, and function in order to provide reliable parameters for improving vegetation dynamic models; and (3) to deeply understand the processes of plant water-regulation at different spatial and temporal scales, and reveal mechanisms of plants’ responses and adaption to environmental stresses (especially drought).

Key words: drought stress, xylem embolism, climate change, stomatal regulation, hydraulic failure, plant trait

Table 1

Contrasting plant traits between isohydric and anisohydric regulation strategies"

Isohydric regulation
Anisohydric regulation
Challenged or not
生长策略 Growth strategy 保守型 Conservative behaviour 冒险型 Risk-taking behaviour N
最小叶水势 Minimum leaf water potential 相对恒定(高) Constant (High) 低 Low N
气孔导度 Stomatal conductance 低 Low 相对恒定(高) Constant (High) Y (Quero et al., 2011)
导水率 Hydraulic conductance 低 Low 高 High N
耐旱性 Drought tolerance 弱 Weak 强 Strong Y (Quero et al., 2011)
木质部脆弱性 Xylem vulnerability 小 Small 大 Large N
水力安全阈值 Safety margin 大 Large 小 Small N
栓塞恢复力 Embolism recovery ability 弱 Weak 强 Strong Y (McCulloh & Meinzer., 2015)
纹孔膜 Pit membrane 厚; 总面积小
Thick; Smaller total area
薄; 总面积大
Thin; Larger total area
光合速率 Photosynthetic rate 小 Small 大 Large Y (Quero et al., 2011)
呼吸速率 Respiratory rate 小 Small 大 Large N
Intrinsic water use efficiency
高 High 低 Low Y (Lovisolo et al., 2010)
Nonstructural carbohydrate
低 Low 高 High Y (Woodruff et al., 2015)
比叶质量 Leaf mass per area 大 Large 小 Small -
叶寿命 Leaf lifespan 长 Long 短 Short -

Appendix I

Terms and their acronyms or symbol"

缩写或符号 Acronym or symbol 术语 Term
AAO 脱落醛氧化酶 Abscisic aldehyde oxidase
ABA 脱落酸 Abscisic acid
AN 净CO2同化量 Net CO2 assimilation
AQPs 水通道蛋白 Aquaporins
Gs 气孔导度 Stomatal conductance
Tr 蒸腾速率 Transpiration rate
K 水力导度 Hydraulic conductance
Kleaf 叶水力导度 Leaf hydraulic conductance
Kplant 植株导水率 Whole-plant hydraulic conductivity
LMA 比叶质量 Leaf dry mass per area
MCSU 钼辅因子硫化酶 Molybdate cofactor sulfurase
NCED 9-顺式-环氧类胡萝卜素加双氧酶蛋白 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase
NSC 非结构性碳水化合物 Nonstructural carbohydrate
P50 木质部失去50%导水率所对应的水势 The water potential inducing 50% loss of hydraulic conductivity
P88 木质部失去88%导水率所对应的水势 The water potential inducing 88% loss of hydraulic conductivity
Pe 栓塞临界值 Embolism threshold
TIP 液泡膜内在蛋白 Tonoplast-intrinsic protein
VPD 水汽压亏缺 Vapor pressure deficit
WUE 水分利用效率 Water use efficiency
WUEi 内在水分利用效率 Intrinsic water use efficiency
ZEP 玉米黄质环氧酶 Zeaxanthin epoxidase
ΨL 叶水势 Leaf water potential
ΨMD 中午叶水势 Midday leaf water potential
ΨPD 黎明前叶水势 Predawn leaf water potential
ΨS 土壤水势 Soil water potential
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93 Appendix I Terms and their acronyms or symbol
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