Chin J Plan Ecolo ›› 2017, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (9): 1020-1032.doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2016.0366

• Reviews • Previous Articles    

Plant water-regulation strategies: Isohydric versus anisohydric behavior

Dan-Dan LUO, Chuan-Kuan WANG*(), Ying JIN   

  1. Center for Ecological Research, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
  • Received:2016-11-29 Revised:2017-05-31 Online:2017-10-23 Published:2017-09-10
  • Contact: Chuan-Kuan WANG E-mail:wangck-cf@nefu.edu.cn

Abstract:

Water is a vital resource for plant survival, growth and distribution, and it is of significance to explore mechanisms of plant water-relations regulation and responses to drought in ecophysiology and global change ecology. Plants adapt to different climates and soil water regimes and develop divergent water-regulation strategies involving a suite of related traits, of which two typical types are isohydric and anisohydric behaviors. It is critical to distinguish water-regulation strategies of plants and reveal the underlying mechanisms for plant breeding and vegetation restoration especially in xeric regions; and it is also important for developing more accurate vegetation dynamic models and predicting vegetation distribution under climate change scenarios. In this review, we first recalled the definitions of isohydric and anisohydric regulations and three quantitative classification methods that were established based on the relationships (1) between stomatal conductance and leaf water potential, (2) between stomatal conductance and vapor pressure deficit, (3) between predawn and midday leaf water potentials. We then compared the two water-regulation strategies in terms of hydraulics and carbon-economics traits. We synthesized the mechanisms of plant water-regulation and found that the interaction between hydraulic and chemical signals was the dominant factor controlling plant water-regulation behavior. Last, we proposed three promising aspects in this field: (1) to explore reliable and universal methods for classifying plant water-regulation strategies based on extensive investigation of the traits related with plant water-relations in various regions; (2) to explore relationships between plant water-regulation strategies and traits of hydraulics, morphology, structure, and function in order to provide reliable parameters for improving vegetation dynamic models; and (3) to deeply understand the processes of plant water-regulation at different spatial and temporal scales, and reveal mechanisms of plants’ responses and adaption to environmental stresses (especially drought).

Key words: drought stress, xylem embolism, climate change, stomatal regulation, hydraulic failure, plant trait

Table 1

Contrasting plant traits between isohydric and anisohydric regulation strategies"

性状
Trait
等水调节
Isohydric regulation
非等水调节
Anisohydric regulation
是否存在争议
Challenged or not
水力性状
Hydraulics
生长策略 Growth strategy 保守型 Conservative behaviour 冒险型 Risk-taking behaviour N
最小叶水势 Minimum leaf water potential 相对恒定(高) Constant (High) 低 Low N
气孔导度 Stomatal conductance 低 Low 相对恒定(高) Constant (High) Y (Quero et al., 2011)
导水率 Hydraulic conductance 低 Low 高 High N
耐旱性 Drought tolerance 弱 Weak 强 Strong Y (Quero et al., 2011)
木质部脆弱性 Xylem vulnerability 小 Small 大 Large N
水力安全阈值 Safety margin 大 Large 小 Small N
栓塞恢复力 Embolism recovery ability 弱 Weak 强 Strong Y (McCulloh & Meinzer., 2015)
纹孔膜 Pit membrane 厚; 总面积小
Thick; Smaller total area
薄; 总面积大
Thin; Larger total area
-
碳经济性状
Carbon
economics
光合速率 Photosynthetic rate 小 Small 大 Large Y (Quero et al., 2011)
呼吸速率 Respiratory rate 小 Small 大 Large N
内在水分利用效率
Intrinsic water use efficiency
高 High 低 Low Y (Lovisolo et al., 2010)
非结构性碳水化合物
Nonstructural carbohydrate
低 Low 高 High Y (Woodruff et al., 2015)
比叶质量 Leaf mass per area 大 Large 小 Small -
叶寿命 Leaf lifespan 长 Long 短 Short -

Appendix I

Terms and their acronyms or symbol"

缩写或符号 Acronym or symbol 术语 Term
AAO 脱落醛氧化酶 Abscisic aldehyde oxidase
ABA 脱落酸 Abscisic acid
AN 净CO2同化量 Net CO2 assimilation
AQPs 水通道蛋白 Aquaporins
Gs 气孔导度 Stomatal conductance
Tr 蒸腾速率 Transpiration rate
K 水力导度 Hydraulic conductance
Kleaf 叶水力导度 Leaf hydraulic conductance
Kplant 植株导水率 Whole-plant hydraulic conductivity
LMA 比叶质量 Leaf dry mass per area
MCSU 钼辅因子硫化酶 Molybdate cofactor sulfurase
NCED 9-顺式-环氧类胡萝卜素加双氧酶蛋白 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase
NSC 非结构性碳水化合物 Nonstructural carbohydrate
P50 木质部失去50%导水率所对应的水势 The water potential inducing 50% loss of hydraulic conductivity
P88 木质部失去88%导水率所对应的水势 The water potential inducing 88% loss of hydraulic conductivity
Pe 栓塞临界值 Embolism threshold
TIP 液泡膜内在蛋白 Tonoplast-intrinsic protein
VPD 水汽压亏缺 Vapor pressure deficit
WUE 水分利用效率 Water use efficiency
WUEi 内在水分利用效率 Intrinsic water use efficiency
ZEP 玉米黄质环氧酶 Zeaxanthin epoxidase
ΨL 叶水势 Leaf water potential
ΨMD 中午叶水势 Midday leaf water potential
ΨPD 黎明前叶水势 Predawn leaf water potential
ΨS 土壤水势 Soil water potential
[1] Ache P, Bauer H, Kollist H, Al-Rasheid KA, Lautner S, Hartung W, Hedrich R (2010). Stomatal action directly feeds back on leaf turgor: New insights into the regulation of the plant water status from non-invasive pressure probe measurements.The Plant Journal, 62, 1072-1082.
[2] Attia Z, Domec JC, Oren R, Way DA, Moshelion M (2015). Growth and physiological responses of isohydric and anisohydric poplars to drought.Journal of Experimental Botany, 66, 4373-4381.
[3] Bartlett MK, Scoffoni C, Sack L (2012). The determinants of leaf turgor loss point and prediction of drought tolerance of species and biomes: A global meta-analysis.Ecology Letters, 15, 393-405.
[4] Blackman CJ, Brodribb TJ, Jordan GJ (2010). Leaf hydraulic vulnerability is related to conduit dimensions and drought resistance across a diverse range of woody angiosperms.New Phytologist, 188, 1113-1123.
[5] Borel C, Audran C, Frey A, Marion-Poll A, Tardieu F, Simonneau T (2001). N. plumbaginifolia zeaxanthin epoxidase transgenic lines have unaltered baseline ABA accumulations in roots and xylem sap, but contrasting sensitivities of ABA accumulation to water deficit.Journal of Experimental Botany, 52, 427-434.
[6] Braga NDS, Vitória AP, Souza GM, Barros CF, Freitas L (2016). Weak relationships between leaf phenology and isohydric and anisohydric behavior in lowland wet tropical forest trees.Biotropica, 48, 453-464.
[7] Brodribb TJ, Holbrook NM (2004). Stomatal protection against hydraulic failure: A comparison of coexisting ferns and angiosperms.New Phytologist, 162, 663-670.
[8] Brodribb TJ, Jordan GJ (2008). Internal coordination between hydraulics and stomatal control in leaves.Plant, Cell & Environment, 31, 1557-1564.
[9] Bucci S, Scholz F, Goldstein G, Meinzer F, Sternberg L (2003). Dynamic changes in hydraulic conductivity in petioles of two savanna tree species: Factors and mechanisms contributing to the refilling of embolized vessels.Plant, Cell & Environment, 26, 1633-1645.
[10] Bucci SJ, Goldstein G, Meinzer FC, Franco AC, Campanello P, Scholz FG (2005). Mechanisms contributing to seasonal homeostasis of minimum leaf water potential and predawn disequilibrium between soil and plants in Neotropical savanna trees.Trees, 19, 296-304.
[11] Chaves MM, Zarrouk O, Francisco R, Costa J, Santos T, Regalado AP, Rodrigues ML, Lopes CM (2010). Grapevine under deficit irrigation: Hints from physiological and molecular data.Annals Botany, 105, 661-676.
[12] Chen YT, Xu ZZ (2014). Review on research of leaf economics spectrum.Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 38, 1135-1153. (in Chinese with English abstract)[陈莹婷, 许振柱 (2014). 植物叶经济谱的研究进展. 植物生态学报, 38, 1135-1153.]
[13] Cocozza C, Cherubini P, Regier N, Saurer M, Frey B, Tognetti R (2010). Early effects of water deficit on two parental clones ofPopulus nigra grown under different environmental conditions. Functional Plant Biology, 37, 244-254.
[14] Conesa MR, Rosa JMDL, Domingo R, Bañon S, Pérez-Pastor A (2016). Changes induced by water stress on water relations, stomatal behaviour and morphology of table grapes (cv. Crimson Seedless) grown in pots.Scientia Horticulturae, 202, 9-16.
[15] Domec JC, Johnson DM (2012). Does homeostasis or disturbance of homeostasis in minimum leaf water potential explain the isohydric versus anisohydric behavior ofVitis vinifera L. cultivars? Tree Physiology, 32, 245-248.
[16] Domec JC, Palmroth S, Ward E, Maier CA, Thérézien M, Oren R (2009). Acclimation of leaf hydraulic conductance and stomatal conductance ofPinus taeda(loblolly pine) to long-term growth in elevated CO2 32, 1500-1512.
[17] Fan JZ, Wang D, Hu YL, Jing PP, Wang PP, Chen JQ (2016). Optimal stomatal behavior theory for simulating stomatal conductance.Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 40, 631-642. (in Chinese with English Abstract)[范嘉智, 王丹, 胡亚林, 景盼盼, 王朋朋, 陈吉泉 (2016). 最优气孔行为理论和气孔导度模拟. 植物生态学报, 40, 631-642.]
[18] Fisher RA, Williams M, Do Vale LR, Da Costa AL, Meir P (2006). Evidence from Amazonian forests is consistent with isohydric control of leaf water potential.Plant, Cell & Environment, 29, 151-165.
[19] Flexas J, Ribas-Carbo M, Bota J, Galmes J, Henkle M, Martinez-Canellas S, Medrano H (2006). Decreased Rubisco activity during water stress is not induced by decreased relative water content but related to conditions of low stomatal conductance and chloroplast CO2 concentration.New Phytologist, 172, 73-82.
[20] Franks PJ, Drake PL, Froend RH (2007). Anisohydric but isohydrodynamic: Seasonally constant plant water potential gradient explained by a stomatal control mechanism incorporating variable plant hydraulic conductance.Plant, Cell & Environment, 30, 19-30.
[21] Frey A, Effroy D, Lefebvre V, Seo M, Perreau F, Berger A, Sechet J, To A, North HM, Marion-Poll A (2012). Epoxycarotenoid cleavage by NCED5 fine-tunes ABA accumulation and affects seed dormancy and drought tolerance with other NCED family members.The Plant Journal, 70, 501-512.
[22] Gallé A, Csiszar J, Benyo D, Laskay G, Leviczky T, Erdei L, Tari I (2013). Isohydric and anisohydric strategies of wheat genotypes under osmotic stress: Biosynthesis and function of ABA in stress responses.Journal of Plant Physioogy, 170, 1389-1399.
[23] Gallé A, Feller U (2007). Changes of photosynthetic traits in beech saplings (Fagus sylvatica) under severe drought stress and during recovery. Physiologia Plantarum, 131, 412-421.
[24] Gong R, Gao Q (2015). Research progress in the effects of leaf hydraulic characteristics on plant physiological functions.Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 39, 300-308. (in Chinese with English Abstract)[龚容, 高琼 (2015). 叶片结构的水力学特性对植物生理功能影响的研究进展. 植物生态学报, 39, 300-308.]
[25] Guóth A, Tari I, Gallé Á, Csiszár J, Pécsváradi A, Cseuz L, Erdei L (2009). Comparison of the drought stress responses of tolerant and sensitive wheat cultivars during grain filling: Changes in flag leaf photosynthetic activity, ABA levels, and grain yield.Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 28, 167-176.
[26] Guyot G, Scoffoni C, Sack L (2012). Combined impacts of irradiance and dehydration on leaf hydraulic conductance: Insights into vulnerability and stomatal control.Plant, Cell & Environment, 35, 857-871.
[27] Hacke UG, Sperry JS, Wheeler JK, Castro L (2006). Scaling of angiosperm xylem structure with safety and efficiency.Tree Physiology, 26, 689-701.
[28] Holloway-Phillips M, Brodribb TJ (2011). Minimum hydraulic safety leads to maximum water-use efficiency in a forage grass.Plant, Cell & Environment, 34, 302-313.
[29] Hölttä T, Cochard HN, Nikinmaa E, Mencuccini M (2009). Capacitive effect of cavitation in xylem conduits: Results from a dynamic model.Plant, Cell & Environment, 32, 10-21.
[30] Jin Y, Wang CK (2015). Trade-offs between plant leaf hydraulic and economic traits.Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 39, 1021-1032. (in Chinese with English Abstract)[金鹰, 王传宽 (2015). 植物叶片水力与经济性状权衡关系的研究进展. 植物生态学报, 39, 1021-1032.]
[31] Jin Y, Wang CK, Zhou ZH, Li ZM (2016). Co-ordinated performance of leaf hydraulics and economics in 10 Chinese temperate tree species.Functional Plant Biology, 43, 1082-1090.
[32] Klein T, Niu S (2014). The variability of stomatal sensitivity to leaf water potential across tree species indicates a continuum between isohydric and anisohydric behaviours.Functional Ecology, 28, 1313-1320.
[33] Lachenbruch B, Mcculloh KA (2014). Traits, properties, and performance: How woody plants combine hydraulic and mechanical functions in a cell, tissue, or whole plant.New Phytologist, 204, 747-764.
[34] Li G, Santoni V, Maurel C (2014). Plant aquaporins: Roles in plant physiology.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1840, 1574-1582.
[35] Li R, Dang W, Cai J, Zhang SX, Jiang ZM (2016). Relationships between xylem structure and embolism vulnerability in six species of drought tolerance trees. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 40, 255-263. (in Chinese with English abstract)[李荣, 党维, 蔡靖, 张硕新, 姜在民 (2016). 6个耐旱树种木质部结构与栓塞脆弱性的关系. 植物生态学报, 40, 255-263.]
[36] Li R, Jiang ZM, Zhang SX, Cai J (2015). A review of new research progress on the vulnerability of xylem embolism of woody plants.Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 39, 838-848. (in Chinese with English Abstract)[李荣, 姜在民, 张硕新, 蔡靖 (2015). 木本植物木质部栓塞脆弱性研究新进展. 植物生态学报, 39, 838-848.]
[37] Lovisolo C, Hartung W, Schubert A (2002). Whole-plant hydraulic conductance and root-to-shoot flow of abscisic acid are independently affected by water stress in grapevines.Functional Plant Biology, 29, 1349-1356.
[38] Lovisolo C, Lavoie-Lamoureux A, Tramontini S, Ferrandino A (2016). Grapevine adaptations to water stress: New perspectives about soil/plant interactions.Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology, 28, 53-66.
[39] Lovisolo C, Perrone I, Carra A, Ferrandino A, Flexas J, Medrano H, Schubert A (2010). Drought-induced changes in development and function of grapevine (Vitis spp.) organs and in their hydraulic and non-hydraulic interactions at the whole-plant level: A physiological and molecular update. Functional Plant Biology, 37, 98-116.
[40] Lovisolo C, Perrone I, Hartung W, Schubert A (2008a). An abscisic acid-related reduced transpiration promotes gradual embolism repair when grapevines are rehydrated after drought.New Phytologist, 180, 642-651.
[41] Lovisolo C, Tramontini S, Flexas J, Schubert A (2008b). Mercurial inhibition of root hydraulic conductance inVitis spp. rootstocks under water stress. Environmental & Experimental Botany, 63, 178-182.
[42] Martínez-Vilalta J, Poyatos R, Aguadé D, Retana J, Mencuccini M (2014). A new look at water transport regulation in plants.New Phytologist, 204, 105-115.
[43] McAdam SA, Brodribb TJ (2012). Stomatal innovation and the rise of seed plants.Ecology Letters, 15, 1-8.
[44] McCulloh KA, Meinzer FC (2015). Further evidence that some plants can lose and regain hydraulic function daily.Tree Physiology, 35, 691-693.
[45] McDowell N, Pockman WT, Allen CD, Breshears DD, Cobb N, Kolb T, Plaut J, Sperry J, West A, Williams DG, Yepez EA (2008). Mechanisms of plant survival and mortality during drought: Why do some plants survive while others succumb to drought?New Phytologist, 178, 719-739.
[46] McDowell NG, Ryan MG, Zeppel MJ, Tissue DT (2013). Feature: Improving our knowledge of drought-induced forest mortality through experiments, observations, and modeling.New Phytologist, 200, 289-293.
[47] Meinzer F (2002). Co-ordination of vapour and liquid phase water transport properties in plants.Plant, Cell & Environment, 25, 265-274.
[48] Meinzer FC, Johnson DM, Lachenbruch B, McCulloh KA, Woodruff DR (2009). Xylem hydraulic safety margins in woody plants: Coordination of stomatal control of xylem tension with hydraulic capacitance.Functional Ecology, 23, 922-930.
[49] Meinzer FC, McCulloh KA (2013). Xylem recovery from drought-induced embolism: Where is the hydraulic point of no return?Tree Physiology, 33, 331-334.
[50] Meinzer FC, Woodruff DR, Marias DE, McCulloh KA, Sevanto S (2014). Dynamics of leaf water relations components in co-occurring iso- and anisohydric conifer species.Plant, Cell & Environment, 37, 2577-2586.
[51] Mencuccini M, Minunno F, Salmon Y, Martinez-Vilalta J, Holtta T (2015). Coordination of physiological traits involved in drought-induced mortality of woody plants.New Phytologist, 208, 396-409.
[52] Miyashita K, Tanakamaru S, Maitani T, Kimura K (2005). Recovery responses of photosynthesis, transpiration, and stomatal conductance in kidney bean following drought stress.Environmental & Experimental Botany, 53, 205-214.
[53] Moshelion M, Halperin O, Wallach R, Oren R, Way DA (2015). Role of aquaporins in determining transpiration and photosynthesis in water-stressed plants: Crop water- use efficiency, growth and yield.Plant, Cell & Environment, 38, 1785-1793.
[54] Nardini A, Dimasi F, Klepsch M, Jansen S (2012). Ion-mediated enhancement of xylem hydraulic conductivity in fourAcer species: Relationships with ecological and anatomical features. Tree Physiology, 32, 1434-1441.
[55] Negin B, Moshelion M (2016). The evolution of the role of ABA in the regulation of water-use efficiency: From biochemical mechanisms to stomatal conductance.Plant Science, 251, 82-89.
[56] Ocheltree TW, Nippert JB, Prasad PV (2016). A safety vs efficiency trade-off identified in the hydraulic pathway of grass leaves is decoupled from photosynthesis, stomatal conductance and precipitation.New Phytologist, 210, 97-107.
[57] Ogasa M, Miki NH, Murakami Y, Yoshikawa K (2013). Recovery performance in xylem hydraulic conductivity is correlated with cavitation resistance for temperate deciduous tree species.Tree Physiology, 33, 335-344.
[58] Oren R, Sperry J, Katul G, Pataki D, Ewers B, Phillips N, Schafer K (1999). Survey and synthesis of intra- and interspecific variation in stomatal sensitivity to vapour pressure deficit.Plant, Cell & Environment, 22, 1515-1526.
[59] Pantin F, Monnet F, Jannaud D, Costa JM, Renaud J, Muller B, Simonneau T, Genty B (2013). The dual effect of abscisic acid on stomata.New Phytologist, 197, 65-72.
[60] Pivovaroff AL, Pasquini SC, de Guzman ME, Alstad KP, Stemke JS, Santiago LS, Field K (2016). Multiple strategies for drought survival among woody plant species.Functional Ecology, 30, 517-526.
[61] Poni S, Bernizzoni F, Civardi S (2007). Response of “Sangiovese” grapevines to partial root-zone drying: Gas-exchange, growth and grape composition.Scientia Horticulturae, 114, 96-103.
[62] Pou A, Flexas J, Alsina MDM, Bota J, Carambula C, Herralde FD, Galmés J, Lovisolo C, Jiménez M, Ribas-Carbó M (2007). Is there an association between weight and dental caries among pediatric patients in an urban dental school? A correlation study.Physiologia Plantarum, 71, 1435-1440.
[63] Pou A, Medrano H, Flexas J, Tyerman SD (2013). A putative role for TIP and PIP aquaporins in dynamics of leaf hydraulic and stomatal conductances in grapevine under water stress and re-watering.Plant, Cell & Environment, 36, 828-843.
[64] Pou A, Medrano H, Tomàs M, Martorell S, Ribas-Carbó M, Flexas J (2012). Anisohydric behaviour in grapevines results in better performance under moderate water stress and recovery than isohydric behaviour.Plant and Soil, 359, 335-349.
[65] Quero JL, Sterck FJ, Martínez-Vilalta J, Villar R (2011). Water-use strategies of six co-existing Mediterranean woody species during a summer drought.Oecologia, 166, 45-57.
[66] Reich PB, Luo YJL, John BB, Poorter H, Perry CH, Oleksyn J (2014). Temperature drives global patterns in forest biomass distribution in leaves, stems, and roots.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111, 13721-13726.
[67] Rogiers SY, Greer DH, Hatfield JM, Hutton RJ, Clarke SJ, Hutchinson PA, Somers A (2012). Stomatal response of an anisohydric grapevine cultivar to evaporative demand, available soil moisture and abscisic acid.Tree Physiology, 32, 249-261.
[68] Roman DT, Novick KA, Brzostek ER, Dragoni D, Rahman F, Phillips RP (2015). The role of isohydric and anisohydric species in determining ecosystem-scale response to severe drought.Oecologia, 179, 641-654.
[69] Rose L, Rubarth MC, Hertel D, Leuschner C (2013). Management alters interspecific leaf trait relationships and traitbased species rankings in permanent meadows.Journal of Vegetation Science, 24, 239-250.
[70] Sade N, Moshelion M (2014). The dynamic isohydric-anisohydric behavior of plants upon fruit development: Taking a risk for the next generation.Tree Physiology, 34, 1199-1202.
[71] Sade N, Vinocur BJ, Diber A, Shatil A, Ronen G, Nissan H, Wallach R, Karchi H, Moshelion M (2009). Improving plant stress tolerance and yield production: Is the tonoplast aquaporin SlTIP2;2 a key to isohydric to anisohydric conversion?New Phytologist, 181, 651-661.
[72] Salleo S, Nardini A, Pitt F, Gullo MAL (2000). Xylem cavitation and hydraulic control of stomatal conductance in laurel (Laurus nobilis L.). Plant, Cell & Environment, 23, 71-79.
[73] Schultz HR (2003). Differences in hydraulic architecture account for near-isohydric and anisohydric behaviour of two field-grownVitis vinifera L. cultivars during drought. Plant, Cell & Environment, 26, 1393-1405.
[74] Secchi F, Zwieniecki MA (2014). Down-regulation of plasma intrinsic protein1 aquaporin in poplar trees is detrimental to recovery from embolism.Plant Physiology, 164, 1789-1799.
[75] Soar CJ, Speirs J, Maffei S, Penrose A, McCarthy MG, Loveys B (2006). Grape vine varieties Shiraz and Grenache differ in their stomatal response to VPD: Apparent links with ABA physiology and gene expression in leaf tissue.Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research, 12, 2-12.
[76] Sperry JS (2000). Hydraulic constraints on plant gas exchange.Agricultural & Forest Meteorology, 104, 13-23.
[77] Sperry JS, Hacke UG (2004). Analysis of circular bordered pit function I. Angiosperm vessels with homogenous pit membranes.American Journal of Botany, 91, 369-385.
[78] Sperry JS, Tyree MT (1988). Mechanism of water stress-induced xylem embolism.Plant Physiology, 88, 581-587.
[79] Tardieu F, Simonneau T (1998). Variability among species of stomatal control under fluctuating soil water status and evaporative demand: Modelling isohydric and anisohydric behaviours.Journal of Experimental Botany, 49, 419-432.
[80] Thompson AJ, Mulholland BJ, Jackson AC, McKee JM, Hilton HW, Symonds RC, Sonneveld T, Burbidge A, Stevenson P, Taylor IB (2007). Regulation and manipulation of ABA biosynthesis in roots.Plant, Cell & Environment, 30, 67-78.
[81] Trifilò P, Nardini A, Raimondo F, Gullo MAL, Salleo S (2011). Ion-mediated compensation for drought-induced loss of xylem hydraulic conductivity in field-growing plants ofLaurus nobilis. Functional Plant Biology, 38, 606-613.
[82] Tyree MT, Sperry JS (1988). Do woody plants operate near the point of catastrophic xylem dysfunction caused by dynamic water stress? Answers from a model.Plant Physiology, 88, 574-580.
[83] Vandeleur RK, Mayo G, Shelden MC, Gilliham M, Kaiser BN, Tyerman SD (2009). The role of plasma membrane intrinsic protein aquaporins in water transport through roots: Diurnal and drought stress responses reveal different strategies between isohydric and anisohydric cultivars of grapevine.Plant Physiology, 149, 445-460.
[84] Villagra M, Campanello PI, Bucci SJ, Goldstein G (2013). Functional relationships between leaf hydraulics and leaf economic traits in response to nutrient addition in subtropical tree species.Tree Physiology, 33, 1308-1318.
[85] Vogt UK (2001). Hydraulic vulnerability, vessel refilling, and seasonal courses of stem water potential ofSorbus aucuparia L. and Sambucus nigra L. Journal of Experimental Botany, 52, 1527-1536.
[86] Wang CS, Wang SP (2015). A review of research on responses of leaf traits to climate change.Chinese Journal of Plant 1)Ecology, 39, 206-216. (in Chinese with English abstract)[王常顺, 汪诗平 (2015) 植物叶片性状对气候变化的响应研究进展. 植物生态学报, 39, 206-216.]
[87] Wilkinson S, Davies WJ (2002). ABA-based chemical signalling: The co-ordination of responses to stress in plants.Plant, Cell & Environment, 25, 195-210.
[88] Wilkinson S, Davies WJ (2010). Drought, ozone, ABA and ethylene: New insights from cell to plant to community.Plant, Cell & Environment, 33, 510-525.
[89] Woodruff DR, Meinzer FC, Marias DE, Sevanto S, Jenkins MW, McDowell NG (2015). Linking nonstructural carbohydrate dynamics to gas exchange and leaf hydraulic behavior inPinus edulis and Juniperus monosperma. New Phytologist, 206, 411-421.
[90] Wright IJ, Reich PB, Cornelissen JH, Falster DS, Groom PK, Hikosaka K, Lee W, Lusk CH, Niinemets Ü, Oleksyn J (2005). Modulation of leaf economic traits and trait relationships by climate.Global Ecology & Biogeography, 14, 411-421.
[91] Zhang Y, Oren R, Kang S (2012). Spatiotemporal variation of crown-scale stomatal conductance in an aridVitis vinifera L. cv. Merlot vineyard: Direct effects of hydraulic properties and indirect effects of canopy leaf area. Tree Physiology, 32, 262-279.
[92] Zhang YQ, Wang CK (2008). Transpiration of boreal and temperate forests.Chinese Journal of Applied and Environmental Biology, 14, 838-845. (in Chinese with English abstract)[张彦群, 王传宽 (2008). 北方和温带森林生态系统的蒸腾耗水. 应用与环境生物学报, 14, 838-845.]附录I 术语及其缩写或符号
93 Appendix I Terms and their acronyms or symbol
[1] Zhang Xiaoling, Li Yichao, Wang Yunyun, Cai Hongyu, Zeng Hui, Wang Zhiheng. Influence of future climate change in suitable habitats of tea in different countries [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 595-606.
[2] Gao Huaifeng,Zhang Yafei,Wang Guodong,Sun Xiwu,He Yue,Peng Futian,Xiao Yuansong. The Effect of Molybdenum on Drought Stress Response in Peach [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2019, 54(2): 227-236.
[3] WEN Xiao-Shi, CHEN Bin-Hang, ZHANG Shu-Bin, XU Kai, YE Xin-Yu, NI Wei-Jie, WANG Xiang-Ping. Relationships of radial growth with climate change in larch plantations of different stand ages and species [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(1): 27-36.
[4] Anrong Liu,Teng Yang,Wei Xu,Zijian Shangguan,Jinzhou Wang,Huiying Liu,Yu Shi,Haiyan Chu,Jin-Sheng He. Status, issues and prospects of belowground biodiversity on the Tibetan alpine grassland [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(9): 972-987.
[5] XU Li-Jiao, HAO Zhi-Peng, XIE Wei, LI Fang, CHEN Bao-Dong. Transmembrane H + and Ca 2+ fluxes through extraradical hyphae of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in response to drought stress [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(7): 764-773.
[6] Xiuwei Liu, Douglas Chesters, Chunsheng Wu, Qingsong Zhou, Chaodong Zhu. A horizon scan of the impacts of environmental change on wild bees in China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(7): 760-765.
[7] ZHOU Tong,CAO Ru-Yin,WANG Shao-Peng,CHEN Jin,TANG Yan-Hong. Responses of green-up dates of grasslands in China and woody plants in Europe to air temperature and precipitation: Empirical evidences based on survival analysis [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(5): 526-538.
[8] Yuan-Feng SUN, Hong-Wei WAN, Yu-Jin ZHAO, Shi-Ping CHEN, Yong-Fei BAI. Spatial patterns and drivers of root turnover in grassland ecosystems in China [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(3): 337-348.
[9] WU Qi-Qian, WANG Chuan-Kuan. Dynamics in foliar litter decomposition for Pinus koraiensis and Quercus mongolica in a snow-depth manipulation experiment [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(2): 153-163.
[10] Xi WANG,Hong-Ling HU,Ting-Xing HU,Cheng-Hao ZHANG,Xin WANG,Dan LIU. Effects of drought stress on the osmotic adjustment and active oxygen metabolism of Phoebe zhennan seedlings and its alleviation by nitrogen application [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(2): 240-251.
[11] Xiaoyu Wu,Shikui Dong,Shiliang Liu,Quanru Liu,Yuhui Han,Xiaolei Zhang,Xukun Su,Haidi Zhao,Jing Feng. Identifying priority areas for grassland endangered plant species in the Sanjiangyuan Nature Reserve based on the MaxEnt model [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(2): 138-148.
[12] Huijie Qiao,Xiaoyi Wang,Wei Wang,Zhenhua Luo,Ke Tang,Yan Huang,Shengnan Yang,Weiwei Cao,Xinquan Zhao,Jianping Jiang,Junhua Hu. From nature reserve to national park system pilot: Changes of environmental coverage in the Three-River-Source National Park and implications for amphibian and reptile conservation [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(2): 202-209.
[13] Lisha Lü, Hongyu Cai, Yong Yang, Zhiheng Wang, Hui Zeng. Geographic patterns and environmental determinants of gymnosperm species diversity in China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(11): 1133-1146.
[14] Xiaoke Zhang, Wenju Liang, Qi Li. Recent progress and future directions of soil nematode ecology in China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(10): 1060-1073.
[15] ZHANG Li, WANG Gen-Xu, RAN Fei, PENG A-Hui, XIAO Yao, YANG Yang, YANG Yan. Experimental warming changed plants’ phenological sequences of two dominant species in an alpine meadow, western of Sichuan [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(1): 20-27.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] MO Xin-Chun. Recent Progress in Model Grass Brachypodium distachyon (Poaceae)[J]. Plant Diversity, 2014, 36(02): 197 -207 .
[2] JIA Hu-Sen LI De-QuanHAN Ya-Qin. Cytochrome b-559 in Chloroplasts[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2001, 18(02): 158 -162 .
[3] Wang Bao-shan;Zou Qi and Zhao Ke-fu. Advances in Mechanism of Crop Salt Tolerance and Strategies for Raising Crop Salt Tolerance[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1997, 14(增刊): 25 -30 .
[4] Qian Gao;Yuying Liu;Yinan Fei;Dapeng Li;Xianglin Liu* . Research Advances into the Root Radial Patterning Gene SHORT-ROOT[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2008, 25(03): 363 -372 .
[5] LI Yi-Ming, XU Long, MA Yong, YANG Jin-Yuan, YANG Yu-Hui. The species richness of nonvolant mammals in Shennongjia Nature Reserve, Hubei Province, China: distribution patterns along elevational gradient[J]. Biodiv Sci, 2003, 11(1): 1 -9 .
[6] CHENG Han-Ting,LI Qin-Fen,LIU Jing-Kun,YAN Ting-Liang,ZHANG Qiao-Yan,WANG Jin-Chuang. Seasonal changes of photosynthetic characteristics of Alpinia oxyphylla growing under Hevea brasiliensis[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(5): 585 -594 .
[7] WANG Dan-Dan, ZHENG Guo-Wei, LI Wei-Qi. Plants Adapt to LongTerm Potassium Deficiency by Accumulation of Membrane Lipids in Leaves and Maintenance of Lipid Composition in Roots[J]. Plant Diversity, 2014, 36(02): 163 -176 .
[8] HE Feng WU Zhen-Bin. Application of Aquatic Plants in Sewage Treatment and Water Quality Improvement[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2003, 20(06): 641 -647 .
[9] Trevor Wang, Cristobal Uauy, Brad Till, and Chun-Ming Liu. TILLING and Associated Technologies[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 2010, 52(11): 1027 -1030 .
[10] Wei Sun;Chonghui Li;Liangsheng Wang;Silan Dai*. Analysis of Anthocyanins and Flavones in Different-colored Flowers of Chrysanthemum[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2010, 45(03): 327 -336 .