Chin J Plant Ecol ›› 2024, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (3): 390-402.DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2023.0125

Special Issue: 植被生态学

• Data Paper • Previous Articles    

Community structure and characteristics of plain valley forests in main tributaries of Ertix River Basin, China

XUE Zhi-Fang1, LIU Tong1,*(), WANG Li-Sheng2, SONG Ji-Hu1, CHEN Hong-Yang1, XU Ling1, YUAN Ye1   

  1. 1College of Life Science, Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps Key Laboratory of Oasis Town and Mountain-Basin System Ecology, Shihezi University, Shihezi, Xinjiang 832003, China
    2Forestry and Grassland Work General Station of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, Ürümqi 830013, China
  • Received:2023-05-05 Accepted:2023-11-27 Online:2024-03-20 Published:2024-04-24
  • Contact: LIU Tong
  • Supported by:
    Third Xinjiang Scientific Expedition Program(2021xjkk0603)


The valley forest in the Ertix River Basin is the germplasm bank of Salicaceae species and has important genetic diversity value of Altay, Xinjiang, China. It is of great significance for the protection and utilization of precious resources to study the distribution of plant species and vegetation types under the current human activities such as climate change, hydropower project and grazing. In this study, 80 squares of 20 plots were investigated at 4-8 km intervals in the Burqin River, Haba River and Bilizik River. The constructive species, quantitative characteristics and diameter class structure of the community were analyzed, and the community types were classified. The results showed that: (1) 121 species, 92 genera and 34 families of plants were investigated in the main tributaries of the Ertix River Basin, with a large number of perennial herbaceous plants. (2) Betula pendula and Populus laurifolia were constructive species in the Burjin River and Haba River, while P. alba was constructive species in the Bilizik River. P. nigra, Populus × berolinensis var. jrtyschensis, and P. canescens are associated species, while Salix alba is mainly distributed alone along the riparian edge and rarely mixed with poplar species. (3) The number of individuals of the dominant tree species Betula pendula reached the maximum at the middle altitude of the three tributaries, while the number of individuals of Populus laurifolia was smaller at the middle altitude. (4) The diameter class structure of tree layer species was greatly affected by grazing in summer, and the individuals of large diameter class were the most, and the number of saplings and seedlings were less. (5) The valley forest communities were divided into 6 formations and 34 associations.

Key words: valley forest, Salicaceae, Ertix River Basin, species composition, community type