Chin J Plant Ecol ›› 2018, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (11): 1120-1130.doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2018.0219

• Research Articles • Previous Articles    

Effects of exotic plant invasion on soil nitrogen availability

XU Hao,HU Chao-Chen,XU Shi-Qi,SUN Xin-Chao,LIU Xue-Yan()   

  1. Institute of Surface-Earth System Science, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
  • Received:2018-09-11 Accepted:2018-10-18 Online:2019-03-13 Published:2018-11-20
  • Contact: Xue-Yan LIU E-mail:liuxueyan@tju.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(41730855);Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(41522301);Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(41473081)

Abstract:

Aims Exotic plant invasion has been a global eco-environmental issue, which declines biodiversity and influences ecosystem structure and function. Over the past decades, more and more studies showed that influences of exotic plant invasion on soil nitrogen (N) cycles, and soil N availabilities can facilitate the success and aggravation of invading plants.
Methods Based on differences in soil N contents between invaded and uninvaded areas in natural ecosystems at the same study sites, this study explored magnitudes and ecophysiological mechanisms of soil N variations under exotic plant invasion.
Important findings Based on the data integrated from 107 papers, we found that contents of soil total N, ammonium-N, nitrate-N, inorganic N, microbial biomass N under exotic plant invasion were increased by (50 ± 14)%, (60 ± 24)%, (470 ± 115)%, (69 ± 25)%, (54 ± 20)% respectively relative to those under no invasion. The increment in the soil nitrate-N pool was highest, suggesting higher nitrification rate, which potentially promoted plant nitrate-N utilization and the coexistence of nitrate-preferring species. The increment of soil nitrate-N pool under invasion was higher in the temperate zone than the subtropical zones significantly. Invasion of N2-fixing plants caused obviously larger increments of soil total N and nitrate-N contents compared to invasion of non-N2-fixing plants. The invasion of woody and evergreen invasive plants caused larger increments of soil total N than herbaceous and deciduous plants, respectively. The increases in soil ammonium-N under invasion did not differ substantially among different life forms and showed no clear relationship with the percentage of N2-fixing plants. Differently, soil nitrate-N showed much larger increments under invasion and showed positive linear relationship with the percentage of N2-fixing invasive plants. The N2-fixing function, litter quality and quantity of invasive plants are important factors regulating soil N mineralization and nitrification under invasion. This study provides novel insights into the mechanisms underlying the success and aggravation of plant invasion and into the relationships between soil N dynamics and plant functional traits in ecosystems under exotic plant invasion.

Key words: exotic plant, invasion ecology, soil nitrogen cycle, nitrogen availability, ammonium, nitrate, soil total nitrogen

Fig. 1

Major processes and mechanisms of changing soil nitrogen (N) availability influenced by exotic plant invasion."

Fig. 2

Soil N contents in invaded and uninvaded areas (A) and relative variation (RV) values of soil N contents in invaded areas compared to uninvaded areas (B) (mean + SE). * indicates significant variation of soil N contents between the two types of areas (p < 0.05)."

Fig. 3

Soil total N (A) , NH4+-N (B) , NO3--N (C) , inorganic N (D) contents in invaded and uninvaded areas and relative variation (RV) values of soil total N (E) , NH4+-N (F) , NO3--N (G), inorganic N (H) contents in invaded areas compared to uninvaded areas among different climate zones, invasive plants with different N2-fixing functions and life forms (mean + SE). WD, YRD, and RD represent temperate, subtropical, and tropical zones, respectively; F and NF represent invasive plants with N2-fixing and non-N2-fixing functions, respectively; and AH, PH, ES, DS, ET, DT, PV, DV, and EV represent annual herb, perennial herb, evergreen shrub, deciduous shrub, evergreen tree, deciduous tree, perennial vine, deciduous vine, and evergreen vine, respectively. N.A. denotes data not available, and different letters in panels E-H indicate significant differences (p < 0.05) while * indicates significant variation of soil N contents in invaded areas compared to uninvaded areas (p < 0.05)."

Fig. 4

Relationship between relative variation (RV) values of soil NH4+-N contents and percentage of N2-fixing invasive plants (A) and relationships between relative variation (RV) values of soil NO3--N contents and those of soil NH4+-N contents (hollow symbol), and percentage of N2-fixing invasive plants (solid symbol) (B) among different groups of invasive plants. AH, PH, ES, DS, ET, and DT represent annual herb, perennial herb, evergreen shrub, deciduous shrub, evergreen tree, and deciduous tree, respectively."

[1] Allison SD, Nielsen C, Hughes RF ( 2006). Elevated enzyme activities in soils under the invasive nitrogen-fixing tree Falcataria moluccana. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38, 1537-1544.
[2] Baer SG, Church JM, Williard KWJ, Groninger JW ( 2006). Changes in intrasystem N cycling from N2-fixing shrub encroachment in grassland: Multiple positive feedbacks. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, 115, 174-182.
doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2006.01.004
[3] Bloom AJ ( 2015). The increasing importance of distinguishing among plant nitrogen sources. Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 25, 10-16.
doi: 10.1016/j.pbi.2015.03.002 pmid: 25899331
[4] Booth MS, Stark JM, Caldwell MM ( 2003). Inorganic N turnover and availability in annual- and perennial-dominated soils in a northern Utah shrub-steppe ecosystem. Biogeochemistry, 66, 311-330.
doi: 10.1023/B:BIOG.0000005340.47365.61
[5] Broadbent A, Stevens CJ, Peltzer DA, Ostle NJ, Orwin KH ( 2017). Belowground competition drives invasive plant impact on native species regardless of nitrogen availability. Oecologia, 186, 577-587.
doi: 10.1007/s00442-017-4039-5
[6] Caldwell BA ( 2006). Effects of invasive scotch broom on soil properties in a Pacific coastal praire soil. Applied Soil Ecology, 32, 149-152.
doi: 10.1016/j.apsoil.2004.11.008
[7] Cameron KC, Di HJ, Moir JL ( 2012). Nitrogen losses from the soil-plant system: A review. Annals of Applied Biology, 162, 145-173.
doi: 10.1111/aab.12014
[8] Castro-Díez P, Godoy O, Alonso A, Gallardo A, Saldana A ( 2014). What explains variation in the impacts of exotic plant invasions on the nitrogen cycle? A meta-analysis. Ecology Letters, 17, 1-12.
doi: 10.1111/ele.12197 pmid: 24134461
[9] Chapin III FS, Matson PA, Vitousek PM ( 2011). Principles of Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology. 2nd edn. Springer, New York.
[10] Chapman SK, Langley JA, Hart SC, Koch GW ( 2006). Plants actively control nitrogen cycling: Uncorking the microbial bottleneck. New Phytologist, 169, 27-34.
doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2005.01571.x pmid: 16390416
[11] Chen BM, Peng SL, Ni GY ( 2009). Effects of the invasive plant Mikania micrantha H.B.K. on soil nitrogen availability through allelopathy in South China. Biological Invasions, 11, 1291-1299.
doi: 10.1007/s10530-008-9336-9
[12] Cusack DF, Mccleery TL ( 2014). Patterns in understory woody diversity and soil nitrogen across native- and non-native- urban tropical forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 318, 34-43.
doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2013.12.036
[13] Dassonville N, Guillaumaud N, Piola F, Meerts P, Poly F ( 2011). Niche construction by the invasive Asian knotweeds (species complex Fallopia): Impact on activity, abundance and community structure of denitrifiers and nitrifiers. Biological Invasions, 13, 1115-1133.
doi: 10.1007/s10530-011-9954-5
[14] Ding JQ, Mack RN, Lu P, Ren MX, Huang HW ( 2008). China’s booming economy is sparking and accelerating biological invasions. BioScience, 58, 317-324.
doi: 10.1641/B580407
[15] Dreiss L, Volin JC ( 2013). Influence of leaf phenology and site nitrogen on invasive species establishment in temperate deciduous forest understories. Forest Ecology and Management, 296, 1-8.
doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2013.01.031
[16] Ehrenfeld JG ( 2003). Effects of exotic plant invasions on soil nutrient cycling processes. Ecosystems, 6, 503-523.
doi: 10.1007/s10021-002-0151-3
[17] Feng YL, Lei YB, Wang RF, Callaway RM, Valiente-Banuet A, Inderjit, Li YP, Zheng YL ( 2009). Evolutionary tradeoffs for nitrogen allocation to photosynthesis versus cell walls in an invasive plant. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106, 1853-1856.
doi: 10.1073/pnas.0808434106
[18] Galloway JN, Dentener FJ, Capone DG, Boyer EW, Howarth RW, Seitzinger SP, Asner GP, Cleveland CC, Green PA, Holland EA, Karl DM, Michaels AF, Porter JH, Townsend AR, Vorosmarty CJ ( 2004). Nitrogen cycles: Past, present, and future. Biogeochemistry, 70, 153-226.
doi: 10.1007/s10533-004-0370-0
[19] Godoy O, Valladares F, Castrodíez P ( 2011). Multispecies comparison reveals that invasive and native plants differ in their traits but not in their plasticity. Functional Ecology, 25, 1248-1259.
doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2011.01886.x
[20] González-Muñoz N, Costa-Tenorio N, Espigares T ( 2012). Invasion of alien Acacia dealbata on Spanish Quercus robur forests: Impact on soils and vegetation. Forest Ecology and Management, 269, 214-221.
[21] Gurevitch J, Koricheva J, Nakagawa S, Stewart G ( 2018). Meta-analysis and the science of research synthesis. Nature, 555, 175-182.
doi: 10.1038/nature25753
[22] Hawkes CV, Wren IF, Herman DJ, Firestone MK ( 2005). Plant invasion alters nitrogen cycling by modifying the soil nitrifying community. Ecology Letters, 8, 976-985.
doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2005.00802.x
[23] Hu CC, Lei YB, Tan YH, Sun XC, Xu H, Liu CQ, Liu XY ( 2018). Plant nitrogen and phosphorus utilization under invasive pressure in a montane ecosystem of tropical China. Journal of Ecology, DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745. 13008.
[24] Jiang J, Li YK, Wang MZ, Zhou CP, Cao GM, Shi PL, Song MH ( 2013). Litter species traits, but not richness, contribute to carbon and nitrogen dynamics in an alpine meadow on the Tibetan Plateau. Plant and Soil, 373, 931-941.
doi: 10.1007/s11104-013-1859-x
[25] Keser LH, Visser EJW, Dawson W, Song YB, Yu FH, Fischer M, Dong M, van Kleunen M ( 2015). Herbaceous plant species invading natural areas tend to have stronger adaptive root foraging than other naturalized species. Frontiers in Plant Science, 6, 273. DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2015.00273
doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.00273 pmid: 4410514
[26] Knops JMH, Bradley KL, Wedin DA ( 2002). Mechanisms of plant species impacts on ecosystem nitrogen cycling. Ecology Letters, 5, 454-466.
doi: 10.1046/j.1461-0248.2002.00332.x
[27] Kourtev PS, Huang WZ, Ehrenfeld JG ( 1999). Differences in earthworm densities and nitrogen dynamics in soils under exotic and native plant species. Biological Invasions, 1(2-3), 237-245.
doi: 10.1023/A:1010048909563
[28] Lee MR, Bernhardt ES, Bodegom PM, Cornelissen JHC, Kattge J, Laughlin DC, Niinemets U, Penuelas J, Reich PB, Yguel B, Wright JP ( 2016). Invasive species’ leaf traits and dissimilarity from natives shape their impact on nitrogen cycling: A meta-analysis. New Phytologist, 213, 128-139.
doi: 10.1111/nph.14115 pmid: 27501517
[29] Lei YB, Xiao HF, Feng YL ( 2010). Impacts of alien plant invasions on biodiversity and evolutionary responses of native species. Biodiversity Science, 18, 622-630.
[ 类延宝, 肖海峰, 冯玉龙 ( 2010). 外来植物入侵对生物多样性的影响及本地生物的进化响应. 生物多样性, 18, 622-630.]
[30] Li B, Ma KP ( 2010). Biological invasions: Opportunities and challenges facing Chinese ecologists in the era of translational ecology. Biodiversity Science, 18, 529-532.
[ 李博, 马克平 ( 2010). 生物入侵: 中国学者面临的转化生态学机遇与挑战. 生物多样性, 18, 529-532.]
[31] Li WH, Zhang CB, Gao GJ, Zan QJ, Yang ZY ( 2007). Relationship between Mikania micrantha invasion and soil microbial biomass, respiration and functional diversity. Plant and Soil, 296, 197-207.
doi: 10.1007/s11104-007-9310-9
[32] Liao CZ, Peng R, Luo Y, Zhou XH, Wu XW, Fang CM, Chen JK, Li B ( 2008). Altered ecosystem carbon and nitrogen cycles by plant invasion: A meta-analysis. New Phytologist, 177, 706-714.
doi: 10.1111/nph.2008.177.issue-3
[33] Liao JD, Boutton TW, Jastrow JD ( 2006). Organic matter turnover in soil physical fractions following woody plant invasion of grassland: Evidence from natural 13C and 15N . Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38, 3197-3210.
doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.04.004
[34] Lu X, Bottomley PJ, Myrold DD ( 2015). Contributions of ammonia-oxidizing archaea and bacteria to nitrification in Oregon forest soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 85, 54-62.
doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2015.02.034
[35] Marchante E, Kjøller A, Struwe S, Freitas H ( 2008). Short- and long-term impacts of Acacia longifolia invasion on the belowground processes of a Mediterranean coastal dune ecosystem. Applied Soil Ecology, 40, 210-217.
doi: 10.1016/j.apsoil.2008.04.004
[36] Martinelli LA, Piccolo MC, Townsend AR, Vitousek PM, Cuevas E, Mcdowell W, Robertson GP, Santos OC, Treseder K ( 1999). Nitrogen stable isotopic composition of leaves and soil: Tropical versus temperate forests. Biogeochemistry, 46(1-3), 45-65.
doi: 10.1007/BF01007573
[37] McLeod ML, Cleveland CC, Lekberg Y, Maron JL, Philippot L, Bru D, Callaway RM ( 2016). Exotic invasive plants increase productivity, abundance of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and nitrogen availability in intermountain grasslands. Journal of Ecology, 104, 994-1002.
doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12584
[38] Milbau A, Nijs I, Peer LV, Reheul D, Cauwer BD ( 2003). Disentangling invasiveness and invasibility during invasion in synthesized grassland communities. New Phytologist, 159, 657-667.
doi: 10.2307/1514264
[39] Niu HB, Liu WX, Wan FH, Liu B ( 2007). An invasive aster (Ageratina adenophora) invades and dominates forest understories in China: Altered soil microbial communities facilitate the invader and inhibit natives. Plant and Soil, 294, 73-85.
[40] Peña EDL, Clercq ND, Bonte D, Roiloa S, Rodríguez- Echeverría S, Freitas H ( 2010). Plant-soil feedback as a mechanism of invasion by Carpobrotus edulis. Biological Invasions, 12, 3637-3648.
[41] Perakis SS, Hibbs DE ( 2014). N2-fixing red alder indirectly accelerates ecosystem nitrogen cycling. Ecosystems, 15, 1182-1193.
doi: 10.1007/s10021-012-9579-2
[42] Pimentel D, Zuniga R, Morrison D ( 2005). Update on the environmental and economic costs associated with alien- invasive species in the United States. Ecological Economics, 52, 273-288.
doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2004.10.002
[43] Polyakova O, Billor N ( 2008). Impact of deciduous tree species on litterfall quality, decomposition rates and nutrient circulation in pine stands. Forest Ecology and Management, 253, 11-18.
doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2007.06.049
[44] Reich PB, Oleksyn J ( 2004). Global patterns of plant leaf N and P in relation to temperature and latitude. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 101, 11001-11006.
doi: 10.1073/pnas.0403588101
[45] Rossiter-Rachor NA, Setterfield SA, Douglas MM, Hutley LB, Cook GD, Schmidt S ( 2009). Invasive Andropogon gayanus(gamba grass) is an ecosystem transformer of nitrogen relations in Australian savanna. Ecological Applications, 19, 1546-1560.
[46] Sardans J, Bartrons M, Margalef O, Gargallo-Garriga A, Janssens IA, Ciais P, Obersteiner M, Sigurdsson BD, Chen HH, Penuelas J ( 2016). Plant invasion is associated with higher plant-soil nutrient concentrations in nutrient-poor environments. Global Change Biology, 23, 1282-1291.
doi: 10.1111/gcb.13384 pmid: 27272953
[47] Schittko C, Runge C, Strupp M, Wolff S, Wurst S ( 2016). No evidence that plant-soil feedback effects of native and invasive plant species under glasshouse conditions are reflected in the field. Journal of Ecology, 104, 1243-1249.
doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12603
[48] Shannon-Firestone S, Reynolds HL, Phillips RP, Flory SL, Yanarell A ( 2015). The role of ammonium oxidizing communities in mediating effects of an invasive plant on soil nitrification. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 90, 266-274.
doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2015.07.017
[49] Solly EF, Schöning I, Boch S, Kandeler E, Marhan S, Michalzik B, Müller J, Zscheischler J, Trumbore SE, Schrumpf M ( 2014). Factors controlling decomposition rates of fine root litter in temperate forests and grasslands. Plant and Soil, 382, 203-218.
doi: 10.1007/s11104-014-2151-4
[50] Souza-Alonso P, Novoa A, González L ( 2014). Soil biochemical alterations and microbial community responses under Acacia dealbata Link invasion. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 79, 100-108.
doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2014.09.008
[51] Strickland MS, Devore JL, Maerz JC, Bradford MA ( 2010). Grass invasion of a hardwood forest is associated with declines in belowground carbon pools. Global Change Biology, 16, 1338-1350.
doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02042.x
[52] Sun X, Gao C, Guo LD ( 2013). Changes in soil microbial community and enzyme activity along an exotic plant Eupatorium adenophorum invasion in a Chinese secondary forest. Science Bulletin, 58, 4101-4108.
doi: 10.1007/s11434-013-5955-3
[53] Tang YQ, Yu GR, Zhang XY, Wang QF, Ge JP, Liu S ( 2017). Changes in nitrogen-cycling microbial communities with depth in temperate and subtropical forest soils. Applied Soil Ecology, 124, 218-228.
[54] Theoharides KA, Dukes JS ( 2007). Plant invasion across space and time: Factors affecting nonindigenous species success during four stages of invasion. New Phytologist, 176, 256-273.
doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2007.02207.x pmid: 17822399
[55] van Kleunen M, Weber E, Fischer M ( 2010). A meta-analysis of trait differences between invasive and non-invasive plant species. Ecology Letters, 13, 235-245.
doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2009.01418.x pmid: 20002494
[56] Vilà M, Espinar JL, Hejda M, Hulme PE, Jarošík V, Maron JL, Pergl J, Schaffner U, Sun Y, Pyšek P ( 2011). Ecological impacts of invasive alien plants: A meta-analysis of their effects on species, communities and ecosystems. Ecology Letters, 14, 702-708.
doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01628.x pmid: 21592274
[57] Vitousek PM, Cassman K, Cleveland C, Crews T, Field CB, Grimm NB, Howarth RW, Marino R, Martinelli L, Rastetter EB, Sprent JI ( 2002). Towards an ecological understanding of biological nitrogen fixation. Biogeochemistry, 57, 1-45.
doi: 10.1023/A:1015798428743
[58] Vitousek PM, Matson PA ( 1984). Mechanisms of nitrogen retention in forest ecosystems: A field experiment. Science, 225, 51-52.
doi: 10.1126/science.225.4657.51 pmid: 17775660
[59] Wang CH, Wan SQ, Xing XR, Zhang L, Han XG ( 2006). Temperature and soil moisture interactively affected soil net N mineralization in temperate grassland in Northern China. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38, 1101-1110.
doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2005.09.009
[60] Wei H, Xu JL, Quan GM, Zhang JE, Qin Z ( 2017). Effects of Praxelis clematidea invasion on soil nitrogen fractions and transformation rates in a tropical savanna. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24, 1-10.
doi: 10.1007/s11356-016-8127-6 pmid: 27885581
[61] Xiao HF, Feng YL, Schaefer DA, Xiao DY ( 2014). Soil fungi rather than bacteria were modified by invasive plants, and that benefited invasive plant growth. Plant and Soil, 378, 253-264.
doi: 10.1007/s11104-014-2040-x
[62] Xu CW, Yang MZ, Chen YJ, Chen LM, Zhang DZ, Mei L, Shi YT, Zhang HB ( 2012). Changes in non-symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria inhabiting rhizosphere soils of an invasive plant Ageratina adenophora. Applied Soil Ecology, 54, 32-38.
doi: 10.1016/j.apsoil.2011.10.021
[63] Yan XL, Shou HY, Ma JS ( 2012). The problem and status of the alien invasive plants in China. Plant Diversity and Resources, 34, 287-313.
doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1143.2012.12025
[ 闫小玲, 寿海洋, 马金双 ( 2012). 中国外来入侵植物研究现状及存在的问题. 植物分类与资源学报, 34, 287-313.]
doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1143.2012.12025
[64] Yang O, Norton JM, Stark JM ( 2017). Ammonium availability and temperature control contributions of ammonia oxidizing bacteria and archaea to nitrification in an agricultural soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 113, 161-172.
doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2017.06.010
[65] Yé L, Lata JC, Masse D, Nacro HB, Kissou R, Diallo NH, Barot S ( 2017). Contrasted effects of annual and perennial grasses on soil chemical and biological characteristics of a grazed Sudanian savanna. Applied Soil Ecology, 113, 155-165.
doi: 10.1016/j.apsoil.2017.02.003
[66] Yu XJ, Yu D, Lu ZJ, Ma KP ( 2005). A new mechanism of invader success: Exotic plant inhibits natural vegetation restoration by changing soil microbe community. Chinese Science Bulletin, 50, 896-903.
doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0023-074X.2005.09.011
[ 于兴军, 于丹, 卢志军, 马克平 ( 2005). 一个可能的植物入侵机制: 入侵种通过改变入侵地土壤微生物群落影响本地种的生长. 科学通报, 50, 896-903. ]
doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0023-074X.2005.09.011
[67] Zhang YH, Ding WX, Luo JF, Donnison A ( 2010). Changes in soil organic carbon dynamics in an eastern Chinese coastal wetland following invasion by a C4 plant Spartina alterniflora. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 42, 1712-1720.
doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2010.06.006
[68] Zheng YL, Burns JH, Liao ZY, Li YP, Yang J, Chen YJ, Zhang JL, Zheng YG ( 2018). Species composition, functional and phylogenetic distances correlate with success of invasive Chromolaena odorata in an experimental test. Ecology Letters, 21, 1211-1220.
doi: 10.1111/ele.13090
[1] Gao Huaifeng,Zhang Yafei,Wang Guodong,Sun Xiwu,He Yue,Peng Futian,Xiao Yuansong. The Effect of Molybdenum on Drought Stress Response in Peach [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2019, 54(2): 227-236.
[2] MOU Jing, BIN Zhen-Jun, LI Qiu-Xia, BU Hai-Yan, ZHANG Ren-Yi, XU Dang-Hui. Effects of nitrogen and silicon addition on soil nitrogen mineralization in alpine meadows of Qinghai-Xizang Plateau [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(1): 77-84.
[3] MA Zhi-Liang, ZHAO Wen-Qiang, ZHAO Chun-Zhang, LIU Mei, ZHU Pan, LIU Qing. Responses of soil inorganic nitrogen to increased temperature and plant removal during the growing season in a Sibiraea angustata scrub ecosystem of eastern Qinghai-Xizang Plateau [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(1): 86-94.
[4] Xiaopeng Xu, Xiangdong Fu, Hong Liao. Advances in Study of Ammonium Assimilation and its Regulatory Mechanism in Plants [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2016, 51(2): 152-166.
[5] Xi Zhang, Jinxing Lin, Xiaoyi Shan. Progress in Inorganic Nitrogen Transport Proteins and Their Phosphorylation Regulatory Mechanism in Arabidopsis [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2016, 51(1): 120-129.
[6] ZHU Wan-Rui,WANG Qi-Tong,LIU Meng-Ling,WANG Hua-Tian,WANG Yan-Ping,ZHANG Guang-Can,LI Chuan-Rong. Interactive effects of phenolic acid and nitrogen on morphological traits of poplar (Populus × euramericana ‘Neva’) fine roots [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2015, 39(12): 1198-1208.
[7] SHEN Zhang-Jun,SUN Qing-Ye, and TIAN Sheng-Ni. Dynamics of nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations and nitrate reductase and acidic phosphatase activities in Imperata cylindrica on copper mine tailings [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2012, 36(2): 159-168.
[8] WANG Hua-Tian, YANG Yang, WANG Yan-Ping, JIANG Yue-Zhong, WANG Zong-Qin. Effects of exogenous phenolic acids on nitrate absorption and utilization of hydroponic cuttings of Populus × euramericana ‘Neva’ [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2011, 35(2): 214-222.
[9] YAN Su-Li, HUANGFU Chao-He, LI Gang, ZUO Zhao-Jiang, MA Jie, YANG Dian-Lin. Effects of replacement control with four forage species on bacterial diversity of soil invaded by Flaveria bidentis [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2011, 35(1): 45-55.
[10] ZHANG Zhi-Meng, WAN Shu-Bo, NING Tang-Yuan, DAI Liang-Xiang. EFFECTS OF NITROGEN LEVEL ON NITROGEN METABOLISM AND CORRELATING ENZYME ACTIVITY IN PEANUT [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2008, 32(6): 1407-1416.
[11] Jing Liu&#;Kaifa Wei&#;Zhihui Gao;Bingbing Li;Huibo Ren;Jianfang Hu;Wensuo Jia* . Nitrate as an Enhancer of Root Signal in the Regulation of Stomatal Movement in Plants under Drought Stress [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2008, 25(01): 34-40.
[12] LI Jun, ZHOU Shou-Biao, WANG Chun-Jing, LI Jin-Hua. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF DROUGHT TOLERANCE AND TOLERANCE MECHANISMS IN WILD AND CULTIVATED DICHONDRA REPENS [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2007, 31(3): 521-527.
[13] HUANG Hua-Mei, ZHANG Li-Quan. REMOTE SENSING ANALYSIS OF RANGE EXPANSION OF SPARTINA ALTERNIFLORA AT JIUDUANSHA SHOALS IN SHANGHAI, CHINA [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2007, 31(1): 75-82.
[14] Xinpeng Li Yiping Tong. Physiological and Molecular Basis of Inorganic Nitrogen Transport in Plants [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2007, 24(06): 714-725.
[15] WANG Chang-Ting, LONG Run-Jun, CAO Guang-Min, WANG Qi-Lan, DING Lu-Ming, SHI Jian-Jun. SOIL CARBON AND NITROGEN CONTENTS ALONG ELEVATION GRADIENTS IN THE SOURCE REGION OF YANGTZE, YELLOW AND LANTSANG RIVERS [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2006, 30(3): 441-449.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] LI Bin, GU Wan-Chun, ZHOU Shi-Liang. Conservation genetics of Pinus bungeana .Ⅰ.Gene conservation analysis[J]. Biodiv Sci, 2003, 11(1): 28 -36 .
[2] Ximei Zhang, Zhichao Pu, Yuanheng Li, Xingguo Han. Stochastic processes play more important roles in driving the dynamics of rarer species[J]. J Plant Ecol, 2016, 9(3): 328 -332 .
[3] MIAO Yu, CHEN Yue-Lin, LI Xian-Wei, FAN Chuan, LIU Yun-Ke, YANG Zheng-Ju, ZHANG Jun, and CAI Xin-Li. Effects of fertilization on Alnus formosana fine root morphological characteristics, biomass and issue content of C, N under A. formosana-Hemarthria compressa compound mode[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2013, 37(7): 674 -683 .
[4] Dong-Yao Gao, Zhao-Shi Xu, Yi He, Yong-Wei Sun, You-Zhi Ma, and Lan-Qin Xia. Functional analyses of an E3 ligase gene AIP2 from wheat in Arabidopsis revealed its roles in seed germination and pre-harvest sprouting[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 2014, 56(5): 480 -491 .
[5] Huang Jian. [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1992, 16(3): 292 .
[6] Lin Peng. A Brief Note on “The Research for Development Seminar on the Mangrove Ecosystem”[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1986, 10(1): 76 -78 .
[7] Cui Gao;Yuxia Chen;Ying Bao;Min Feng;Anming Lu. Studies on Sexual Organs and Embryological Development Morphology of Speirantha gardenii (Convallariaceae)[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2010, 45(06): 705 -712 .
[8] Ruili Zhang, Yin Jia, Qixiang Zhang. Phenotypic variation of natural populations of Primula denticulata ssp. sinodenticulata[J]. Biodiv Sci, 2008, 16(4): 362 -368 .
[9] Tang Yan-cheng. A Short Guide to the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature V.[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1984, 2(04): 51 -57 .
[10] Li Ling;Luo Yun-xiu;He Jian-hui and Pan Rui-chi. Promoting the Formation of Adventitious Roots in Cutting of Some Woody Plants by GL Reagent[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1996, 13(增刊): 63 -65 .