Chin J Plant Ecol ›› 2020, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (3): 179-191.DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2019.0252

Special Issue: 碳循环

• Review •     Next Articles

Progress in studies of carbon source/sink and emission reduction strategies in vineyard ecosystem

ZHANG Liang1,WANG Zhi-Lei1,XUE Ting-Ting1,HAO Xiao-Yun1,YANG Chen-Lu1,GAO Fei-Fei1,WANG Ying1,HAN Xing1,LI Hua1,2,3,*(),WANG Hua1,2,3,*()   

  1. 1College of Enology, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China
    2Wine Industrial Technology Research Institute of China, Yinchuan 750000, China
    3Shaanxi Engineering Research Center for Viti-Viniculture, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China
  • Received:2019-09-25 Accepted:2020-01-08 Online:2020-03-20 Published:2020-03-26
  • Contact: LI Hua,WANG Hua
  • Supported by:
    Science and Technology Achievements Promotion Program of National Forestry and Grassland Administration(K3130217005);National Key R&D Program of China(2019YFD1002500)


The vineyard ecosystem is an important part of agro-ecosystem, and contiguous vineyards have important ecological values. The research on carbon source/sink in vineyard ecosystem is an indispensable content of our understanding of carbon cycling. The mechanisms of carbon cycling and the carbon sink function of vineyard ecosystem have become hot topics. We found that a large amount of carbon was fixed in vineyard ecosystem that was distributed in annual organs (fruit, etc), perennial organs (trunk, etc) and soil carbon pool. The carbon input flux of the vineyard ecosystem was greater than the carbon output flux, suggesting a carbon sink. Soil was the largest carbon pool of vineyard ecosystem, accounting for 70% of total carbon stock, especially the soil-vines interface. Covering and non-tillage can reduce carbon emissions and increase soil fertility in vineyards. In order to clarify the carbon sink functions of vineyard ecosystem, we reviewed the latest research progress in the field, including the mechanisms of carbon cycling, and the strategies of carbon emission reduction. This paper provides a theoretical basis and prospects for future research directions and application.

Key words: vineyard ecosystem, carbon cycling, carbon source, carbon sink, carbon stock, carbon reduction strategies