Chin J Plan Ecolo ›› 2016, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 177-.doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2015.0182

• Research Articles • Previous Articles    

Effect of neighboring competition on photosynthetic characteristics and biomass allocation of Chinese fir seedlings under low phosphorus stress

Zhi-Yu CHEN1,2, Qi LI1,2,3, Xian-Hua ZOU1,2, Xiang-Qing MA1,2, Peng-Fei WU1,2,*()   

  1. 1College of Forestry, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China

    2The State Forestry Administration Fir Engineering Technology Research Center, Fuzhou 350002, China

    3Soil and Water Conservation Monitoring Centre of Zhumadian, Zhumadian, Henan 463000, China
  • Online:2016-03-08 Published:2016-02-10
  • Contact: Peng-Fei WU

Abstract: Aims

To explore the effects of neighbor competition on photosynthetic characteristics in needles and biomass accumulation and allocation of Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata) seedlings under low phosphorus (P) environment, and to investigate the complex adaptive responses of Chinese fir to available P limitation and intraspecific competition.


The experiment was performed in a greenhouse at Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University with a Chinese fir clone named 'YANG-020'. The specially designed glass pots of 30 cm length, 30 cm width and 40 cm height were made for the P stress and competition simulation. Two seedlings were planted in each pot, except the control with a single seedling in the center of pot. All the competition treatments were involved three P supply levels: no P supply (0 mg·kg-1 KH2PO4), low P supply (6 mg·kg-1 KH2PO4) and normal P supply (12 mg·kg-1 KH2PO4). The seedlings of each treatment were harvested to determine shoot biomass, root biomass and root: shoot ratio at the prime stage (9th September, 2013), interim stage (30th October, 2013) and last stage (19th December, 2013), separately, after determining the intercellular CO2 concentration, net photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate and stomatal conductance in needles over the the experimental period.Important findings There were significantly three-way interactive effects among competition treatment, P supply level and stress stage on the photosynthetic indexes of Chinese fir seedlings, including intercellular CO2 concentration, net photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate and stomatal conductance (p < 0.05), but no significantly interactive effect was exhibited among the three factors on the biomass allocation (p > 0.05). Compared to the normal P supply, all of the values (i.e., net photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate and stomatal conductance) decreased markedly in Chinese fir needles. The factors of low P supply and neighboring competition additively affected stomatal conductance of needles. Over the course of the stress experimental period, the value of transpiration rate in needles gradually decreased, but both root biomass and root:shoot ratio sharply increased. For the stomatal conductance and intercellular CO2 concentration, both of them gradually declined from the prime stress stage to the interim stage, while increased during the last stress stage.

Key words: assimilate transport, Cunninghamia lanceolata, competitive strategy, low phosphorus stress, root: shoot ratio

Fig. 1

The design pot used for neighboring competition experiment."

Table 1

Effects of competition treatment, phosphorus supply level and stress stage on the photosynthesis characteristics of Cunninghamia lanceolata seedlings"

Degrees of freedom
FF value
Intercellular CO2 concentration
Net photosynthetic rate
Transpiration rate
Stomatal conductance
Competition treatment (a)
1 53.9** 5.807* 11.181** 4.4*
Phosphorus supply level (b)
2 0.7ns 16.698** 15.740** 20.9**
Stress stage (c)
2 10.4** 0.698ns 18.314** 3.3*
Effects between a and b
2 29.1** 6.984** 5.919** 0.9ns
Effects between a and c
2 6.6** 9.382** 3.494* 8.2**
Effects between b and c
4 8.7** 4.323** 9.111** 10.5**
Effects among a, b and c
4 3.9** 3.522* 8.247** 8.4**

Fig. 2

Photosynthetic characteristics of Cunninghamia lanceolata seedlings under neighboring competition treatment (mean ± SE). Different small letters indicate significant difference between two competition treatments (p < 0.05)."

Fig. 3

Photosynthetic characteristics of Cunninghamia lanceolata seedlings under different phosphorus supply levels (mean ± SE). Different small letters indicate significant difference among three phosphorus supply levels (p < 0.05)."

Fig. 4

Photosynthetic characteristics of Cunninghamia lanceolata seedlings at different stress stages (mean ± SE). Different small letters indicate significant difference among three stress stages (p < 0.05)."

Table 2

Effects of competition treatment, phosphorus supply level and stress stage on the biomass allocation of Cunninghamia lanceolata seedlings"

Degrees of freedom
FF value
Root to shoot ratio
竞争处理 Competition treatment (a) 1 1.767ns 0.017ns 0.659ns
供磷水平 Phosphorus supply level (b) 2 0.240** 38.689** 38.096ns
胁迫时期 Stress stage (c) 2 1.624ns 0.710** 4.927**
a和b组间交互作用 Effects between a and b 2 1.225ns 1.411ns 0.007ns
a和c组间交互作用 Effects between a and c 2 2.539ns 0.438ns 1.343ns
b和c组间交互作用 Effects between b and c 4 0.412ns 0.908ns 1.075ns
a,b和c组间交互作用 Effects among a, b and c 4 0.813ns 1.571ns 0.861ns
误差 Error 90

Fig. 5

Biomass allocation of Cunninghamia lanceolata seedlings under neighboring competition treatment (mean ± SE). Different small letters indicate significant difference between two competition treatments (p < 0.05)."

Fig. 6

Biomass allocation of Cunninghamia lanceolata seedlings under different phosphorus supply levels (mean ± SE). Different small letters indicate significant difference among three phosphorus supply levels (p < 0.05)."

Fig. 7

Biomass allocation of Cunninghamia lanceolata seedlings at different stress stages (mean ± SE). Different small letters indicate significant difference among three stress stages (p < 0.05)."

[1] BallaréCL , Scopel AL, Sánchez RA (1990). Far-red radiation reflected from adjacent leaves: An early signal of competition in plant canopies.Science, 247, 329-332.
[2] Cai LP, Wu PF, Hou XL, Ma XQ, Jiang S, Ren JJ (2012). Effects of phosphorus stress on photosynthetic character- istics of pioneer plant Neyraudia reynaudiana on soil and water conservation.Journal of Soil and Water Conserva- tion, 26, 281-285. (in Chinese with English abstract)[蔡丽平, 吴鹏飞, 侯晓龙, 马祥庆, 江硕, 任晶晶 (2012). 磷胁迫对水土保持先锋植物类芦光合特性的影响. 水土保持学报, 26, 281-285.]
[3] Cao CL, Mao YH, Cao PT, Liu JC, Yang XN (2010). Effect of phosphorous stress on photosynthesis rate and root physiological characteristic of cowpea seedlings.Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science, 16, 1373-1378. (in Chinese with English abstract)[曹翠玲, 毛圆辉, 曹朋涛, 刘建朝, 杨向娜 (2010). 低磷胁迫对豇豆幼苗叶片光合特性及根系生理特性的影响. 植物营养与肥料学报, 16, 1373-1378.]
[4] Chen BJW, During HJ, Vermeulen PJ, Kroon HD, Poorter H, Anten NPR (2015). Corrections for rooting volume and plant size reveal negative effects of neighbour presence on root allocation in pea.Functional Ecology, 29, 1383-1391.
[5] Chen GY, Chen J, Xu DQ (2010). Thinking about the rela- tionship between net photosynthetic rate and intercellular CO2 concentration.Plant Physiology Communications, 46, 64-66. (in Chinese with English abstract)[陈根云, 陈娟, 许大全 (2010). 关于净光合速率和胞间CO2浓度关系的思考. 植物生理学通讯, 46, 64-66.]
[6] Chen HJ (2003). Phosphatase activity and P fractions in soils of an 18-year-old Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata) plantation.Forest Ecology and Management, 178, 301-310.
[7] Chen YJ, Cao KF, Cai ZQ (2008). Above-and below-ground competition between seedlings of lianas and trees under two light irradiances. Journal of Plant Ecology (Chinese Version), 32, 639-647. (in Chinese with English abstract)[陈亚军, 曹坤芳, 蔡志全 (2008). 两种光强下木质藤本与树木幼苗的竞争关系. 植物生态学报, 32, 639-647.]
[8] Cheng LY, Tang XY, Vance CP, White PJ, Zhang FS, Shen JB (2014). Interactions between light intensity and phos- phorus nutrition affect the phosphate-mining capacity of white lupin (Lupinus albus L.).Journal of Experimental Botany, 65, 2995-3003.
[9] Depuydt S (2014). Arguments for and against self and non-self root recognition in plants.Frontiers in Plant Science, 5, 614.
[10] Di Iorio A, Montagnoli A, Terzaghi M, Scippa GS, Chiatante D (2013). Effect of tree density on root distribution in Fagus sylvatica stands: A semi-automatic digitising device approach to trench wall method.Trees, 27, 1503-1513.
[11] Downie H, Holden N, Otten W, Spiers AJ, Valentine TA, Dupuy LX (2012). Transparent soil for imaging the rhizos- phere.PLoS ONE, 7, e44276.
[12] Fan WG, Wang LX (2012). Photosynthetic response to different phosphorus levels on young Newhall navel orange trees.Journal of Fruit Science, 29, 166-170. (in Chinese with English abstract)[樊卫国, 王立新 (2012). 纽荷尔脐橙幼树对不同供磷水平的光合响应. 果树学报, 29, 166-170.]
[13] Fang SQ, Gao X, Deng Y, Chen XP, Liao H (2011). Crop root behavior coordinates phosphorus status and neighbors: From field studies to three-dimensional in situ reconstruc- tion of root system architecture.Plant Physiology, 155, 1277-1285.
[14] Gundel PE, Pierik R, Mommer L, BallaréCL (2014). Com- peting neighbors: Light perception and root function.Oecologia, 176, 1-10.
[15] Hetherington AM, Woodward FI (2003). The role of stomata in sensing and driving environmental change.Nature, 424, 901-908.
[16] Kigathi RN, Weisser WW, Veit D, Gershenzon J, Unsicker SB (2013). Plants suppress their emission of volatiles when growing with conspecifics.Journal of Chemical Ecology, 39, 537-545.
[17] Kropp H, Ogle K (2014). Seasonal stomatal behavior of a common desert shrub and the influence of plant neighbors.Oecologia, 177, 345-355.
[18] Li J, Chen ZW, Shi YL, Zhang Q, Li XL (2011). Effects of phosphorus activator on different type of phosphorus and their validities in red soil.Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 25, 83-86. (in Chinese with English abstract)[李杰, 陈智文, 石元亮, 张清, 李筱琳 (2011). 磷素活化剂对红壤磷形态及有效性影响的研究. 水土保持学报, 25, 83-86.]
[19] Li JD, Sun B, Wang GJ, Yan XF (2006). Mechanism of photo- synthetic characters of Ambrosia trifida in competition with Helianthus turberosus.Journal of Shenyang Agricultural University, 37, 569-572. (in Chinese with English abstract)[李建东, 孙备, 王国骄, 燕雪飞 (2006). 菊芋对三裂叶豚草叶片光合特性的竞争机理. 沈阳农业大学学报, 37, 569-572.]
[20] Li LY, Lian HP, Xu LP (2015). One forestation experiment by improved varieties and superior clone of Cunninghamia plantation.China Forestry Science and Technology, 29(1), 30-32. (in Chinese with English abstract)[李林源, 连华萍, 许鲁平 (2015). 杉木种子园良种与优良无性系造林试验. 林业科技开发, 29(1), 30-32.]
[21] Li Q, Wu PF, Chen ZY, Zou XH (2014). Effect of competition for low phosphorus on growth of Chinese fir seedlings. Journal of Xinyang Normal University (Natural Science Edition), 27, 351-354. (in Chinese with English abstract)[李琦, 吴鹏飞, 陈智裕, 邹显花 (2014). 邻株低磷竞争处理对杉木幼苗生长的影响. 信阳师范学院学报(自然科学版), 27, 351-354.]
[22] Li YN, Hou LG, Qi CY, Sun HJ, Liu L, Sui PJ, Guo XM, Zhao GC (2010). Effects of different levels of phosphorus nutrient on the photosynthesis characteristic of rice flag leaf.Agricultural Science & Technology, 11(6), 11-14. (in Chinese with English abstract)[李跃娜, 侯立刚, 齐春艳, 孙洪娇, 刘亮, 隋朋举, 郭晞明, 赵国臣 (2010). 不同磷素营养水平对水稻剑叶光合特性的影响. 农业科学与技术, 11(6), 11-14.]
[23] Lian MH, Tian XH, Cao CL (2011). Effect of phosphorous stress on photosynthesis characteristics and distribution of carbohydrate of Phaseolus coccineus L. seedlings.Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas, 29, 87-93, 99. (in Chinese with English abstract)[廉满红, 田宵鸿, 曹翠玲 (2011). 低磷条件下熊猫豆光合特性及碳水化合物累积变化研究. 干旱地区农业研究, 29, 87-93, 99.]
[24] Liang X, Liu AQ, Ma XQ, Feng LZ, Chen YL (2005). The effect of phosphorus deficiency stress on activities of acid phosphatase in different clones of Chinese fir.Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 29, 54-59. (in Chinese with English abstract)[梁霞, 刘爱琴, 马祥庆, 冯丽贞, 陈友力 (2005). 磷胁迫对不同杉木无性系酸性磷酸酶活性的影响. 植物生态学报, 29, 54-59.]
[25] Ma XQ, Liang X (2004). Research advances in mechanism of high phosphorus use efficiency of plants.Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 15, 712-716. (in Chinese with English abstract)[马祥庆, 梁霞 (2004). 植物高效利用磷机制的研究进展. 应用生态学报, 15, 712-716.]
[26] Mommer L, van Ruijven J, Jansen C, van de Steeg HM, de Kroon H (2012). Interactive effects of nutrient heter- ogeneity and competition: Implications for root foraging theory?Functional Ecology, 26, 66-73.
[27] Niu YY, Liao K, Jia Y, Pang HX, Xu GX, Jiang ZB (2015). Analysis on differences in photosynthetic characteristics of korla fragrant pear among different planting densities.Agricultural Science & Technology, 16, 862-867. (in English)
[28] Novoplansky A (2009). Picking battles wisely: Plant behaviour under competition.Plant, Cell & Environment, 32, 726-741.
[29] Pierik R, Ballaré CL Dicke M (2014). Ecology of plant volatiles: Taking a plant community perspective.Plant, Cell & Environment, 37, 1845-1853.
[30] Pierik R, Mommer L, Voesenek LACJ (2013). Molecular mechanisms of plant competition: Neighbour detection and response strategies.Functional Ecology, 27, 841-853.
[31] Rolo V, Moreno G (2012). Interspecific competition induces asymmetrical rooting profile adjustments in shrub- encroached open oak woodlands.Trees, 26, 997-1006.
[32] Schmid C, Bauer S, Bartelheimer M (2015). Should I stay or should I go? Roots segregate in response to competition intensity.Plant and Soil, 391, 283-291.
[33] Schmid C, Bauer S, Müller B Bartelheimer M (2013). Belowground neighbor perception in Arabidopsis thaliana studied by transcriptome analysis: Roots of Hieracium pilosella cause biotic stress.Frontiers in Plant Science, 4, 296.
[34] Sheng WT, Fan SH (2005). Long Term Productivity of Chinese fir Plantations. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)[盛炜彤, 范少辉 (2005). 杉木人工林长期生产力保持机制研究. 科学出版社, 北京.]
[35] Vysotskaya L, Wilkinson S, Davies WJ, Arkhipova T, Kudoyarova G (2011). The effect of competition from neighbours on stomatal conductance in lettuce and tomato plants.Plant, Cell & Environment, 34, 729-737.
[36] Wang JL, Wen XF (2010). Modeling the response of stomatal conductance to variable CO2 concentration and its physiological mechanism.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 30, 4815-4820. (in Chinese with English abstract)[王建林, 温学发 (2010). 气孔导度对CO2浓度变化的模拟及其生理机制. 生态学报, 30, 4815-4820.]
[37] Wang P, Wang TH, Zhou DW, Zhang HX (2007). A literature review on the above-and below-ground competition.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 27, 3489-3499. (in Chinese with English abstract)[王平, 王天慧, 周道玮, 张红香 (2007). 植物地上竞争与地下竞争研究进展. 生态学报, 27, 3489-3499.]
[38] Wu BZ, Fullen MA, Li JB, An TX, Fan ZW, Zhou F, Zi SH, Yang YQ, Xue GF, Liu Z, Wu KX (2014a). Integrated response of intercropped maize and potatoes to heterogeneous nutrients and crop neighbours.Plant and Soil, 374, 185-196.
[39] Wu PF, Ma XQ (2009). Research advances in the mechanisms of high nutrient use efficiency in plants.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 29, 427-437. (in Chinese with English abstract)[吴鹏飞, 马祥庆 (2009). 植物养分高效利用机制研究进展. 生态学报, 29, 427-437.]
[40] Wu PF, Ma XQ, Chen YL, Lin WJ, Huang SY, Liu LQ (2012). Comparison of phosphorus use efficiency among clonal test plantations of Chinese fir. Journal of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University (Natural Science Edition), 41, 40-45. (in Chinese with English abstract)[吴鹏飞, 马祥庆, 陈友力, 林文奖, 黄诗云, 刘露奇 (2012). 杉木无性系测定林磷素利用效率的比较. 福建农林大学学报(自然科学版), 41, 40-45.]
[41] Wu PF, Ma XQ, Tigabu M, Huang Y, Zhou LL, Cai LP, Hou XL, Oden PC (2014b). Comparative growth, dry matter accumulation and photosynthetic rate of seven species of Eucalypt in response to phosphorus supply.Journal of Forestry Research, 25, 377-383.
[42] Wu PF, Ma XQ, Tigabu M, Wang C, Liu AQ, Odén PC (2011a). Root morphological plasticity and biomass production of two Chinese fir clones with high phosphorus efficiency under low phosphorus stress.Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 41, 228-234.
[43] Wu PF, Ma XQ, Zou XH, Hou XL, Miu LJ, Cai LP (2011). Effect of calcium on chlorophyll content and chlorophyll fluorescence of Chinese fir leaves under low phosphorus stress.Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 27(13), 20-24. (in Chinese with English abstract)[吴鹏飞, 马祥庆, 邹显花, 侯晓龙, 缪丽娟, 蔡丽平 (2011). 钙对低磷胁迫杉木叶绿素及其荧光特性的影响. 中国农学通报, 27(13), 20-24.]
[44] Wu PF, Tigabu M, Ma XQ, Oden PC, He YL, Yu XT, He ZY (2011b). Variations in biomass, nutrient contents and nutrient use efficiency among Chinese fir provenances.Silvae Genetica, 60, 95-105.
[45] Yang Q, Li JS, Guo AY, Qi YL, Li YS, Zhang FJ (2014). Effects of shade and competition of Chenopodium album on photosynthesis, fluorescence and growth characteristics of Flaveria bidentis.Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 25, 2536-2542. (in Chinese with English abstract)[杨晴, 李婧实, 郭艾英, 齐艳玲, 李彦生, 张风娟 (2014). 遮阴和藜竞争对黄顶菊光合荧光和生长特性的影响. 应用生态学报, 25, 2536-2542.]
[46] Yu YC, Yu J, Shan QH, Fang L, Jiang DF (2008). Organic acid exudation from the roots of Cunninghamia lanceolata and Pinus massoniana seedlings under low phosphorus stress.Frontiers of Forestry in China, 3, 117-120.
[47] Zhang XQ, Kirschbaum MUF, Hou ZH, Guo ZH (2004). Carbon stock changes in successive rotations of Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb) Hook) plantations.Forest Ecology and Management, 202, 131-147.
[48] Zhang YQ, Zhang N, Wang N, Tang JH, Xu WX, Li YJ (2015). Effects of plant population on photosynthetic characteristics and yield components of summer soybean.Journal of Nuclear Agricultural Sciences, 29, 1386-1391. (in Chinese with English abstract)[张永强, 张娜, 王娜, 唐江华, 徐文修, 李亚杰 (2015). 种植密度对夏大豆光合特性及产量构成的影响. 核农学报, 29, 1386-1391.]
[49] Zhao ZH, Liu AQ, Wu PF, Liu XD, He LL (2014). Variance analysis of protein extraction and expression for Chinese fir needles under low phosphorus stress.Journal of Fujian College of Forestry, 34, 203-207. (in Chinese with English abstract)[赵中华, 刘爱琴, 吴鹏飞, 刘鑫鼎, 何琳琳 (2014). 低磷胁迫下杉木针叶蛋白的提取与表达差异分析. 福建林学院学报, 34, 203-207.]
[50] Zhou JC, Fan J, Wang XC, Wang Y, Deng YH, Xi HG, Yu LH (2009). Photosynthetic properties of different sugar beet genotypes under phosphorus deficiency.Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science, 15, 910-916. (in Chinese with English abstract)[周建朝, 范晶, 王孝纯, 王艳, 邓艳红, 奚红光, 於丽华 (2009). 磷胁迫下不同基因型甜菜的光合特征. 植物营养与肥料学报, 15, 910-916.]
[51] Zou XH, Wu PF, Chen NL, Wang P, Ma XQ (2015). Chinese fir root response to spatial and temporal heterogeneity of phosphorus availability in the soil.Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 45, 402-410.
[1] LÜ Zhong-Cheng, KANG Wen-Xing, HUANG Zhi-Hong, ZHAO Zhong-Hui, DENG Xiang-Wen. Reuse of retranslocated nutrients in tissues of Chinese fir in plantations of different ages [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(5): 458-470.
[2] ZOU Xian-Hua, HU Ya-Nan, WEI Dan, CHEN Si-Tong, WU Peng-Fei, MA Xiang-Qing. Correlation between endogenous hormone and the adaptability of Chinese fir with high phosphorus-use efficiency to low phosphorus stress [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(2): 139-151.
[3] SHEN Fang-Fang, LI Yan-Yan, LIU Wen-Fei, DUAN Hong-Lang, FAN Hou-Bao, HU Liang, MENG Qing-Yin. Responses of nitrogen and phosphorus resorption from leaves and branches to long-term nitrogen deposition in a Chinese fir plantation [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(9): 926-937.
[4] CHEN Ri-Sheng, KANG Wen-Xing, ZHOU Yu-Quan, TIAN Da-Lun, XIANG Wen-Hua . Changes in nutrient cycling with age in a Cunninghamia lanceolata plantation forest [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(2): 173-184.
[5] PENG Xi, YAN Wen-De, WANG Feng-Qi, WANG Guang-Jun, YU Fang-Yong, ZHAO Mei-Fang. Specific leaf area estimation model building based on leaf dry matter content of Cunninghamia lanceolata [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(2): 209-219.
[6] CHEN Si-Tong, ZOU Xian-Hua, CAI Yi-Bing, WEI Dan, LI Tao, WU Peng-Fei, MA Xiang-Qing. Phosphorus distribution inside Chinese fir seedlings under different P supplies based on 32P tracer [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2018, 42(11): 1103-1112.
[7] Shun-Zeng SHI, De-Cheng XIONG, Fei DENG, Jian-Xin FENG, Chen-Sen XU, Bo-Yuan ZHONG, Yun-Yu CHEN, Guang-Shui CHEN, Yu-Sheng YANG. Interactive effects of soil warming and nitrogen addition on fine root production of Chinese fir seedlings [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2017, 41(2): 186-195.
[8] Xiang GU, Shi-Ji ZHANG, Wen-Hua XIANG, Lei-Da LI, Zhao-Dan LIU, Wei-Jun SUN, Xi FANG. Seasonal dynamics of active soil organic carbon in four subtropical forests in Southern China [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2016, 40(10): 1064-1076.
[9] WAN Jing-Juan,GUO Jian-Fen,JI Shu-Rong,REN Wei-Ling,SI You-Tao,YANG Yu-Sheng. Effects of different sources of dissolved organic matter on soil CO2 emission in subtropical forests [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2015, 39(7): 674-681.
[10] WANG Qing-Kui,LI Yan-Peng,ZHANG Fang-Yue,HE Tong-Xin. Short-term nitrogen fertilization decreased root and microbial respiration in a young Cunninghamia lanceolata plantation [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2015, 39(12): 1166-1175.
[11] PANG Li, ZHANG Yi, ZHOU Zhi-Chun, FENG Zhong-Ping, and CHU De-Yu. Effects of simulated nitrogen deposition on root exudates and phosphorus efficiency in Pinus massoniana families under low phosphorus stress [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2014, 38(1): 27-35.
[12] YANG Yu-Sheng, QIU Ren-Hui, YU Xin-Tuo, Huang Bao-Long, . Study on soil microbes and biochemical activity in the continuous plantations of Cunninghamia lanceolata [J]. Biodiv Sci, 1999, 07(1): 1-7.
Full text



[1] HE Yu-Tang TU Jin-Xing FU Ting-Dong CHEN Bao-Yuan. Molecular Biology and Evolutionary Models of Self-incompatible Genes in Brassica Genus[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2003, 20(05): 513 -521 .
[2] YANG Wen;HE Ru-Zhou;CHENG Jian-Ping;GUO Rong-Fa and KUANG Xue-Mei. Analyses of Peroxidase Isozyme in Sugarcane Varieties[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1998, 15(06): 65 -69 .
[3] Wang Tian-chi and Lin Kan. A Review on The Application of Electrofusion in Plant Cell Engineering[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1994, 11(03): 19 -24 .
[4] Decheng Xu, Xiaojing Wang. Axillary Bud Propagation and Regeneration from Stem Segment Explants in Calophyllum inophyllum[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2014, 49(2): 167 -172 .
[5] WANG Wei, LI Qing-Kang, MA Ke-Ping. Establishment and Spatial Distribution of Quercus liaotungensis Koidz. Seedlings in Dongling Mountain[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2000, 24(5): 595 -600 .
[6] LIU Gui-Hua, ZHOU Jin, LI Wei, GUO You-Hao. Population Restoration of Oryza rufipogon II. Population Dynamics[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2002, 26(3): 372 -376 .
[7] WANG Xu-Dong, YU Zhen-Wen, WANG Dong. Effect o Potassium on Sucrose Content of Flag Leaves and Starch Accumulation of Kernels in Wheat[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2003, 27(2): 196 -201 .
[8] YU Shun-Li, JIANG Gao-Ming. The Research Development of Soil Seed Bank and Several Hot Topics[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2003, 27(4): 552 -560 .
[9] Gao Qiong. The Applicability of GM (1, N) Model to Biological Systems[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1991, 15(2): 121 -128 .
[10] WANG Hua-Tian, YANG Yang, WANG Yan-Ping, JIANG Yue-Zhong, WANG Zong-Qin. Effects of exogenous phenolic acids on nitrate absorption and utilization of hydroponic cuttings of Populus × euramericana ‘Neva’[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2011, 35(2): 214 -222 .