Chin J Plant Ecol ›› 2020, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (5): 449-460.DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2019.0355

Special Issue: 全球变化与生态系统

• Editoral •     Next Articles

Global change and ecosystems research progress and prospect

NIU Shu-Li*(), CHEN Wei-Nan   

  1. 1Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-12-22 Accepted:2020-03-14 Online:2020-05-20 Published:2020-08-10
  • Contact: NIU Shu-Li
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China for Basic Science Center Project(31988102)


The response and feedback of ecosystems to global change is a scientific frontier in ecosystem ecology, which combines macro- and micro-level studies across multidisciplines. It focuses on the responses of ecosystem structure and function to global change, and its objective is to achieve sustainable use of ecosystem services. Based on the review of previous studies, we summarized the major progress and main achievements in this field and made an outlook for future challenges. According to the research content and object, this special issue systematically reviewed the effects of different global change factors, including increasing atmospheric CO2 and O3 concentration, global warming, precipitation change, increasing nitrogen deposition and land use change, on terrestrial plant ecophysiology, community structure, and ecosystem functions, and global change impacts on marine ecosystems. It mainly discussed the changes in biogeochemical cycles and biodiversity under global change, and clarified the mechanisms underlying feedback between ecosystem and climate change. The study of this research area could provide theoretical basis for the construction of global change adaptation strategies.

Key words: climate change, ecosystem, warming, nitrogen deposition, altered precipitation, CO2 enrichment, land use change