植物生态学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (4): 327-340.doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2015.1088

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

内蒙古森林生态系统碳储量及其空间分布

黄晓琼1,2, 辛存林1, 胡中民2,*(), 李钢铁3, 张铜会4, 赵玮2, 杨浩2, 张雷明2, 郭群2, 岳永杰3, 高润宏3, 乌志颜5, 闫志刚6, 刘新平4, 李玉强4, 李胜功2   

  1. 1西北师范大学地理与环境科学学院, 兰州 730070
    2中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所生态系统观测与模拟实验室, 北京 100101
    3内蒙古农业大学生态环境学院, 呼和浩特 010018
    4中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所, 兰州 730000
    5赤峰市林业科学研究院, 内蒙古赤峰 024000
    6内蒙古大兴安岭林业科学技术研究所, 内蒙古牙克石 022150
  • 收稿日期:2015-03-17 接受日期:2015-10-24 出版日期:2016-04-29 发布日期:2016-04-30
  • 通讯作者: 胡中民 E-mail:huzm@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA- 05050201)、中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所青年人才项目(2013RC203)和科技部科技支撑项目(2013- BAC03B03)

Carbon storage of the forests and its spatial pattern in Nei Mongol, China

Xiao-Qiong HUANG1,2, Cun-Lin XIN1, Zhong-Min HU2,*(), Gang-Tie LI3, Tong-Hui ZHANG4, Wei ZHAO2, Hao YANG2, Lei-Min ZHANG2, Qun GUO2, Yong-Jie YUE3, Run-Hong Gao3, Zhi-Yan WU5, Zhi-Gang YAN6, Xin-Ping LIU4, Yu-Qiang LI4, Sheng-Gong LI2   

  1. 1Department Geography and Environmental Sciences, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China

    2Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China

    3College of Ecology and Environmental Science, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot 010018, China

    4Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China

    5Chifeng Institute of Forestry Science, Chifeng, Nei Mongol 024000, China
    and
    6Daxing’anling Academy of Forestry Science of Inner Mongolia, Yakeshi, Nei Mongol 022150, China
  • Received:2015-03-17 Accepted:2015-10-24 Online:2016-04-29 Published:2016-04-30
  • Contact: Zhong-Min HU E-mail:huzm@igsnrr.ac.cn

摘要:

内蒙古森林面积居全国第一位, 林木蓄积量居第五位, 准确地估算该区域森林碳储量对于评估中国森林碳储量以及制定森林资源管理措施均具有重要意义。该研究基于内蒙古森林资源野外样方调查和室内分析, 评估了内蒙古森林生态系统的固碳现状, 估算了内蒙古森林生态系统不同林型和不同碳库(乔木、灌木、草本、凋落物和土壤碳库)的碳密度大小, 揭示了其空间分布特征。在此基础上估算了内蒙古森林碳储量大小及空间格局。结果表明: 1)内蒙古森林植被层碳储量为787.8 Tg C, 乔木层、凋落物层、草本层和灌木层分别占植被层总碳储量的93.5%、3.0%、2.7%和0.8%。内蒙古森林植被层平均碳密度为40.4 t·hm-2, 其中, 乔木层、凋落物层、草本层和灌木层的碳密度分别为35.6 t·hm-2、2.9 t·hm-2、1.2 t·hm-2和0.6 t·hm-2。2)内蒙古森林土壤层(0-100 cm)碳储量为2449.6 Tg C, 其中0-30 cm的土壤碳储量最高, 占总碳储量的79.8%。0-10 cm、10-20 cm和20-30 cm的土壤碳储量分别占0-30 cm土壤碳储量的38.8%、34.1%和27.1%。内蒙古森林土壤平均碳密度为144.4 t·hm-2。黑桦(Betula davurica)林土壤碳密度最高, 云杉(Picea asperata)林最小。土壤碳密度随土壤深度的增加而降低。3)内蒙古森林生态系统碳储量为3237.4 Tg C, 植被层和土壤层碳储量分别占森林生态系统碳储量的24.3%和75.7%。落叶松(Larix gmelinii)林总碳储量最高, 其次为白桦(Betula platyphylla)林、夏栎(Quercus robur)林、黑桦林、榆树(Ulmus pumila)疏林和山杨(Populus davidiana)林。内蒙古森林生态系统平均碳密度为184.5 t·hm-2。土壤碳密度与植被碳密度呈显著正相关关系。4)内蒙古森林生态系统碳储量和碳密度的空间分布总体上为东部地区高、西部地区低的趋势。在降水量充沛的东部地区和降水偏少的中西部地区, 有针对性地开展森林保护区建设和人工造林, 可显著提升区域的碳汇能力。

关键词: 碳储量, 碳密度, 空间分布, 森林生态系统, 内蒙古

Abstract:
Aims
Forest carbon storage in Nei Mongol plays a significant role in national terrestrial carbon budget due to its large area in China. Our objectives were to estimate the carbon storage in the forest ecosystems in Nei Mongol and to quantify its spatial pattern.
Methods
Field survey and sampling were conducted at 137 sites that distributed evenly across the forest types in the study region. At each site, the ecosystem carbon density was estimated thorough sampling and measuring different pools of soil (0-100 cm) and vegetation, including biomass of tree, grass, shrub, and litter. Regional carbon storage was calculated with the estimated carbon density for each forest type.
Important findings
Carbon storage of vegetation layer in forests in Nei Mongol was 787.8 Tg C, with the biomass of tree, litter, herbaceous and shrub accounting for 93.5%, 3.0%, 2.7% and 0.8%, respectively. Carbon density of vegetation layer was 40.4 t·hm-2, with 35.6 t·hm-2 in trees, 2.9 t·hm-2 in litter, 1.2 t·hm-2 in herbaceous and 0.6 t·hm-2 in shrubs. In comparison, carbon storage of soil layer in forests in Nei Mongol was 2449.6 Tg C, with 79.8% distributed in the first 30 cm. Carbon density of soil layer was 144.4 t·hm-2. Carbon storage of forest ecosystem in Nei Mongol was 3237.4 Tg C, with vegetation and soil accounting for 24.3% and 75.7%, respectively. Carbon density of forest ecosystems in Nei Mongol was 184.5 t·hm-2. Carbon density of soil layer was positively correlated with that of vegetation layer. Spatially, both carbon storage and carbon density were higher in the eastern area, where the climate is more humid. Forest reserves and artificial afforestations can significantly improve the capacity of regional carbon sink.

Key words: carbon storage, carbon density, spatial distribution, forest ecosystems, Nei Mongol