Chin J Plant Ecol ›› 2019, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (2): 152-164.doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2017.0280

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of collar size and buried depth on the measurement of soil respiration in a typical steppe

LI Jian-Jun1,2,LIU Lian1,2,CHEN Di-Ma1,XU Feng-Wei1,2,CHENG Jun-Hui3,BAI Yong-Fei1,**()   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
    2 College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3 College of Grassland and Environment Science, Xingjiang Agricultural University, ürümqi 830052, China;
  • Received:2017-11-02 Accepted:2018-04-19 Online:2019-06-04 Published:2019-02-20
  • Contact: BAI Yong-Fei E-mail:yfbai@ibcas.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(31320103916);Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(31630010)

Abstract: <i>Aims</i>

Soil respiration plays an important role in carbon cycling in grassland ecosystems. However, the effects of collar size and buried depth during field measurement on soil respiration are rarely assessed.

<i>Methods</i>

We conducted a two-factor experiment to examine how soil collar depth (2 cm and 5 cm) and size (15 cm × 15 cm and 30 cm × 30 cm) affected the soil respiration (SR), post aboveground net primary productivity (post-ANPP), soil temperature (ST), and soil water content (SWC) in a semi-arid steppe.

<i>Important findings</i>

The results showed that the deep-inserted soil collar (5 cm soil depth) decreased the soil respiration by 8.0%-9.7% compared with the shallow-inserted soil collar (2 cm soil depth). The large-sized soil collar (30 cm × 30 cm) decreased the soil respiration by 9.1%-10.8% compared with the small-sized soil collar (15 cm × 15 cm). We also found that the deep-inserted and large-sized soil collars had higher ST but lower SWC compared with the shallow-depth and small-sized soil collars. Structural equation model indicated that the lower respiration in the deep-inserted and large-sized soil collars was due to the lower post-ANPP, ST, and SWC. Overall, we found that the soil collar size and buried depth can substantially alter the magnitude of soil respiration by changing plant biomass, ST, and SWC. These findings suggest that the influences of collar size and buried depth on soil respiration should be considered for better estimation and modeling of soil CO2 fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems.

Key words: collar, net primary productivity, soil temperature, soil water content, clonal integration, seasonal dynamics, CO2, structural equation model

Fig. 1

Effects of collar buried depth, collar size, and precipitation events on soil respiration rate (SR)(A), soil temperature (ST)(B), and soil water content (SWC)(C) in the growing season of 2013 (insets: mean ± SE). D2S15、D5S15、D2S30、D5S30 see Table 2. Different lowercase letters indicate significant difference among treatments (p < 0.05)."

Table 1

Results of repeated measures ANOVA for the effects of collar buried depth (D), collar size (S), and time of measurement (t) on soil respiration (SR), soil temperature (ST), and soil water content (SWC)"

处理
Treatment
响应变量 Response variable
SR ST SWC
t 506.6*** 2293.6*** 311.8***
D 20.5*** 143.8*** 6.2*
S 35.9*** 13.2** 61.4***
t × D 15.1*** 24.7*** 0.8ns
t × S 6.2** 4.3* 5.5**
D × S 0.6ns 1.5ns 1.2ns
t × D × S 7.2*** 2.5ns 0.2ns

Table 2

The variables to collar buried depth and side length of the square collar on soil respiration rate (SR), soil temperature (ST), and soil water content (SWC) of each time depend on one-way ANOVA"

日期
Date
处理
Treatment
SR ST SWC
2013-06-24 D2S15 4.22 ± 0.10ab 15.83 ± 0.08b 17.12 ± 1.30a
D5S15 4.58 ± 0.11a 18.08 ± 0.27a 15.52 ± 0.75a
D2S30 4.10 ± 0.16b 16.33 ± 0.14b 17.50 ± 1.00a
D5S30 4.52 ± 0.12a 17.98 ± 0.13a 15.92 ± 0.8a
2013-07-06 D2S15 5.68 ± 0.52a 18.05 ± 0.10c 20.67 ± 1.43a
D5S15 4.79 ± 0.16b 19.83 ± 0.11a 17.20 ± 1.05a
D2S30 4.58 ± 0.11b 18.83 ± 0.08b 19.02 ± 1.36a
D5S30 4.69 ± 0.20b 19.73 ± 0.05a 19.03 ± 0.80a
2013-07-22 D2S15 8.10 ± 0.18a 23.27 ± 0.24c 26.68 ± 0.4a
D5S15 6.00 ± 0.06b 23.78 ± 0.07bc 24.17 ± 0.21b
D2S30 6.29 ± 0.22b 24.13 ± 0.26ab 25.68 ± 0.43a
D5S30 5.37 ± 0.07c 24.40 ± 0.20a 22.72 ± 0.62c
2013-08-14 D2S15 5.21 ± 0.22a 20.43 ± 0.13a 19.88 ± 1.53a
D5S15 5.26 ± 0.20a 20.48 ± 0.08a 18.63 ± 0.88a
D2S30 5.38 ± 0.31a 20.43 ± 0.13a 19.47 ± 1.19a
D5S30 3.96 ± 0.09b 20.72 ± 0.09a 15.23 ± 0.65b
2013-09-15 D2S15 3.31 ± 0.15a 12.33 ± 0.29b 14.10 ± 0.83ab
D5S15 3.42 ± 0.11a 14.83 ± 0.13a 13.97 ± 0.43ab
D2S30 3.02 ± 0.13a 11.55 ± 0.22c 14.93 ± 1.3a
D5S30 3.17 ± 0.15a 15.00 ± 0.17a 11.77 ± 0.56b
2013-10-16 D2S15 0.63 ± 0.03a 7.65 ± 0.54b 8.33 ± 0.42a
D5S15 0.66 ± 0.02a 8.28 ± 0.27ab 6.90 ± 0.38b
D2S30 0.67 ± 0.02a 9.12 ± 0.52a 8.27 ± 0.41a
D5S30 0.60 ± 0.04a 8.88 ± 0.31ab 6.48 ± 0.17b

Fig. 2

Results of ANOVAs for aboveground biomass before treatments (pre-AGP)(A), the aboveground net primary productivity (post-ANPP)(B) in the growing season of 2013 (mean ± SE). Different lowercase letters indicate significant difference among treatments (p < 0.05)."

Fig. 3

Relationship between soil respiration rate (SR) and soil temperature (ST) at 10 cm soil depth under different treatments. D and S denote the buried depth and length of the square soil collar, respectively. D2S15, D = 2 cm and S =15 cm; D5S15, D = 5 cm, S = 15 cm; D2S30, D = 2 cm, S = 30 cm; and D5S30, D = 5 cm, S = 30 cm."

Fig. 4

Relationship between soil respiration rate (SR) and soil water content (SWC) at 10 cm soil depth under different treatments. D and S denote the buried depth and length of the square soil collar, respectively. D2S15, D = 2 cm and S =15 cm; D5S15, D = 5 cm, S = 15 cm; D2S30, D = 2 cm, S = 30 cm; and D5S30, D = 5 cm, S = 30 cm."

Fig. 5

Relationships between soil respiration rate (SR) and aboveground net primary productively (post-ANPP) under different treatments. D and S denote the buried depth and length of the square soil collar, respectively. D2S15, D = 2 cm and S =15 cm; D5S15, D = 5 cm, S = 15 cm; D2S30, D = 2 cm, S = 30 cm; and D5S30, D = 5 cm, S = 30 cm."

Fig. 6

Structural equation modeling analysis for the effects of collar depth (D) and size (S) on soil respiration rate, via pathways of biotic and abiotic factors during the study period. Square boxes indicate variables included in the model. Results of model fitting: χ2 = 0.89, p = 0.874 > 0.085, df = 5, RMSEA = 0.000 < 0.05, AGFI = 0.900 > 0.90, GFI = 0.975 > 0.90 (which indicates a good fit of the model to the data). Black and gray solid arrows indicate significantly positive and negative effects, respectively and dashed arrows indicate insignificant effects (p > 0.05). Values associated with the arrows represent standardized path coefficients. R2 values associated with response variables indicate the proportion of variation explained by relationships with all other variables. RMSEA, root-mean-square error of approximation; AGFI, adjusted goodness-of-fit index; GFI, goodness-of-fit index. post-ANPP, post aboveground net primary productivity; SR, soil respiration; ST, soil temperature; SWC, soil water content. **, p < 0.01; ***, p < 0.001."

[1] Atkin OK, Edwards EJ, Loveys BR ( 2000). Response of root respiration to changes in temperature and its relevance to global warming. New Phytologist, 147, 141-154.
doi: 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2000.00683.x
[2] Bahn M, Rodeghiero M, Anderson-Dunn M, Dore S, Gimeno C, Drösler M, Williams M, Ammann C, Berninger F, Flechard C ( 2008). Soil respiration in European grasslands in relation to climate and assimilate supply. Ecosystems, 11, 1352-1367.
doi: 10.1007/s10021-008-9198-0
[3] Bai YF, Han XG, Wu JG, Chen ZZ, Li LH ( 2004). Ecosystem stability and compensatory effects in the Inner Mongolia grassland. Nature, 431, 181-184.
doi: 10.1038/nature02850
[4] Bai YF, Wu JG, Xing Q, Pan QM, Huang JH, Yang DL, Han XG ( 2008). Primary production and rain use efficiency across a precipitation gradient on the Mongolia Plateau. Ecology, 89, 2140-2153.
doi: 10.1890/07-0992.1
[5] Batjes NH ( 1996). Total carbon and nitrogen in the soils of the world. European Journal of Soil Science, 47, 151-163.
doi: 10.1111/ejs.1996.47.issue-2
[6] Berry LJ, Norris W ( 1949). Studies of onion root respiration I. Velocity of oxygen consumption in different segments of root at different temperatures as a function of partial pressure of oxygen. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 3, 593-606.
doi: 10.1016/0006-3002(49)90133-X
[7] Boone RD, Nadelhoffer KJ, Canary JD, Kaye JP ( 1998). Roots exert a strong influence on the temperature sensitivity of soil respiration. Nature, 396, 570-572.
doi: 10.1038/25119
[8] Buchmann N ( 2000). Biotic and abiotic factors controlling soil respiration rates in Picea abies stands. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 32, 1625-1635.
[9] Cao GM, Tang YH, Mo WH, Wang YS, Li YN, Zhao XQ ( 2004). Grazing intensity alters soil respiration in an alpine meadow on the Tibetan Plateau. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 36, 237-243.
[10] Chen D, Zheng S, Shan Y, Taube F, Bai Y ( 2013). Vertebrate herbivore-induced changes in plants and soils: Linkages to ecosystem functioning in a semi-arid steppe. Functional Ecology, 27, 273-281.
doi: 10.1111/fec.2013.27.issue-1
[11] Chen DM, Li JJ, Lan ZC, Hu SJ, Bai YF ( 2016). Soil acidification exerts a greater control on soil respiration than soil nitrogen availability in grasslands subjected to long-term nitrogen enrichment. Functional Ecology, 30, 658-669.
doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.12525
[12] Chen SP, Lin GH, Huang JH, Jenerette GD ( 2009). Dependence of carbon sequestration on the differential responses of ecosystem photosynthesis and respiration to rain pulses in a semiarid steppe. Global Change Biology, 15, 2450-2461.
doi: 10.1111/gcb.2009.15.issue-10
[13] Davidson EA, Verchot LV, Cattanio JH, Ackerman IL, Carvalho J ( 2000). Effects of soil water content on soil respiration in forests and cattle pastures of eastern Amazonia. Biogeochemistry, 48, 53-69.
doi: 10.1023/A:1006204113917
[14] Drewitt GB, Black TA, Nesic Z, Humphreys ER, Jork EM, Swanson R, Ethier GJ, Griffis T, Morgenstern K ( 2002). Measuring forest floor CO2 fluxes in a Douglas-fir forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 110, 299-317.
doi: 10.1016/S0168-1923(01)00294-5
[15] Guenet B, Juarez S, Bardoux G, Abbadie L, Chenu C ( 2012). Evidence that stable C is as vulnerable to priming effect as is more labile C in soil. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 52, 43-48.
[16] Heinemeyer A, Di Bene C, Lloyd AR, Tortorella D, Baxter R, Huntley B, Gelsomino A, Ineson P ( 2011). Soil respiration: Implications of the plant-soil continuum and respiration chamber collar-insertion depth on measurement and modelling of soil CO2 efflux rates in three ecosystems. European Journal of Soil Science, 62, 82-94.
doi: 10.1111/ejs.2011.62.issue-1
[17] Högberg P, Read DJ ( 2006). Towards a more plant physiological perspective on soil ecology. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 21, 548-554.
[18] Hopkins F, Gonzalez-Meler MA, Flower CE, Lynch DJ, Czimczik C, Tang J, Subke JA ( 2013). Ecosystem-level controls on root-rhizosphere respiration. New Phytologist, 199, 339-351.
doi: 10.1111/nph.12271
[19] Hutchinson GL, Livingston GP ( 2001). Vents and seals in non-steady-state chambers used for measuring gas exchange between soil and the atmosphere. European Journal of Soil Science, 52, 675-682.
doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2389.2001.00415.x
[20] Jasoni RL, Smith SD, Arnone JA ( 2005). Net ecosystem CO2 exchange in Mojave Desert shrublands during the eighth year of exposure to elevated CO2. Global Change Biology, 11, 749-756.
doi: 10.1111/gcb.2005.11.issue-5
[21] Kirschbaum MUF ( 2006). The temperature dependence of organic-‌matter decomposition—Still a topic of debate. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 38, 2510-2518.
[22] Kutsch WL, Staack A, Wötzel J, Middelhoff U, Kappen L ( 2001). Field measurements of root respiration and total soil respiration in an alder forest. New Phytologist, 150, 157-168.
doi: 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2001.00071.x
[23] Kuzyakov Y ( 2010). Priming effects: Interactions between living and dead organic matter. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 42, 1363-1371.
[24] Kuzyakov Y, Cheng W ( 2001). Photosynthesis controls of rhizosphere respiration and organic matter decomposition. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 33, 1915-1925.
doi: 10.1016/S0038-0717(01)00117-1
[25] Li W, Cao WX, Liu HD, Li XL, Xu CL, Shi SL, Feng J, Zhou CM ( 2015). Analysis of soil respiration under different grazing management patterns in the alpine meadow-steppe of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Acta Prataculturae Sinica, 24, 22-32.
[26] Lloyd J, Taylor JA ( 1994). On the temperature dependence of soil respiration. Functional Ecology, 8, 315-323.
doi: 10.2307/2389824
[27] Mikan CJ, Schimel JP, Doyle AP ( 2002). Temperature controls of microbial respiration in arctic tundra soils above and below freezing. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 34, 1785-1795.
[28] Nay SM, Mattson KG, Bormann BT ( 1994). Biases of chamber methods for measuring soil CO2 efflux demonstrated with a laboratory apparatus. Ecology, 75, 2460-2463.
doi: 10.2307/1940900
[29] Ngao J, Longdoz B, Perrin D, Vincent G, Epron D, Le Dantec V, Soudani K, Aubinet M, Willm F, Granier A ( 2006). Cross-calibration functions for soil CO2 efflux measurement systems. Annals of Forest Science, 63, 477-484.
doi: 10.1051/forest:2006028
[30] Raich JW, Potter CS, Bhagawati D ( 2002). Interannual variability in global soil respiration, 1980-94. Global Change Biology, 8, 800-812.
doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2486.2002.00511.x
[31] Raich JW, Schlesinger WH ( 1992). The global carbon dioxide flux in soil respiration and its relationship to vegetation and climate. Tellus B, 44, 81-99.
doi: 10.3402/tellusb.v44i2.15428
[32] Reichstein M, Rey A, Freibauer A, Tenhunen J, Valentini R, Banza J, Casals P, Cheng Y, Grünzweig JM, Irvine J ( 2003). Modeling temporal and large-scale spatial variability of soil respiration from soil water availability, temperature and vegetation productivity indices. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 17, 1104.
[33] Schlesinger WH ( 1977). Carbon balance in terrestrial detritus. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 8, 51-81.
doi: 10.1146/annurev.es.08.110177.000411
[34] Schlesinger WH, Andrews JA ( 2000). Soil respiration and the global carbon cycle. Biogeochemistry, 48, 7-20.
doi: 10.1023/A:1006247623877
[35] Subke JA, Inglima I, Francesca Cotrufo M ( 2006). Trends and methodological impacts in soil CO2 efflux partitioning: A meta analytical review. Global Change Biology, 12, 921-943.
doi: 10.1111/gcb.2006.12.issue-6
[36] Subke JA, Moody CS, Hill TC, Voke N, Toet S, Ineson P, Teh Y ( 2018). Rhizosphere activity and atmospheric methane concentrations drive variations of methane fluxes in a temperate forest soil. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 116, 323-332.
[37] Wan SQ, Luo YQ ( 2003). Substrate regulation of soil respiration in a tallgrass prairie: Results of a clipping and shading experiment. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 17, 1054. DOI: 10.1029/2002GB001971.
[38] Wang N, Yu FH, Li PX, He WM, Liu J, Yu GL, Song YB, Dong M ( 2009). Clonal integration supports the expansion from terrestrial to aquatic environments of the amphibious stoloniferous herb Alternanthera philoxeroides. Plant Biology, 11, 483-489.
doi: 10.1111/plb.2009.11.issue-3
[39] Wang W, Fang JY ( 2009). Soil respiration and human effects on global grasslands. Global and Planetary Change, 67, 20-28.
doi: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2008.12.011
[40] Wang WJ, Zu YG, Wang HM, Hirano T, Takagi K, Sasa K, Koike T ( 2005). Effect of collar insertion on soil respiration in a larch forest measured with a LI-6400 soil CO2 flux system. Journal of Forest Research, 10, 57-60.
doi: 10.1007/s10310-004-0102-2
[41] Wang Y, Liu H, Chung H, Yu L, Mi Z, Geng Y, Jing X, Wang S, Zeng H, Cao G, Zhao X, He JS ( 2014). Non-growing-season soil respiration is controlled by freezing and thawing processes in the summer monsoon-‌dominated Tibetan alpine grassland. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 28, 1081-1095.
doi: 10.1002/2013GB004760
[42] Ward SE, Smart SM, Quirk H, Tallowin JRB, Mortimer SR, Shiel RS, Wilby A, Bardgett RD ( 2016). Legacy effects of grassland management on soil carbon to depth. Global Change Biology, 22, 2929-2938.
doi: 10.1111/gcb.2016.22.issue-8
[43] Widén B, Majdi H ( 2001). Soil CO2 efflux and root respiration at three sites in a mixed pine and spruce forest: Seasonal and diurnal variation. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 31, 786-796.
doi: 10.1139/x01-012
[44] Xia JY, Niu SL, Wan SQ ( 2009). Response of ecosystem carbon exchange to warming and nitrogen addition during two hydrologically contrasting growing seasons in a temperate steppe. Global Change Biology, 15, 1544-1556.
doi: 10.1111/gcb.2009.15.issue-6
[45] Yan LM, Chen SQ, Huang JH, Lin GH ( 2010). Differential responses of auto- and heterotrophic soil respiration to water and nitrogen addition in a semiarid temperate steppe. Global Change Biology, 16, 2345-2357.
[46] Zhang XL, Tan YL, Zhang BW, Li A, Daryanto S, Wang LX, Huang JH ( 2017). The impacts of precipitation increase and nitrogen addition on soil respiration in a semiarid temperate steppe. Ecosphere, 8, e01655. DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.1655.
doi: 10.1002/ecs2.1655
[47] Zhou GY, Zhou XH, He YH, Shao JJ, Hu ZH, Liu RQ, Zhou HM, Hosseinibai S ( 2017). Grazing intensity significantly affects belowground carbon and nitrogen cycling in grassland ecosystems: A meta-analysis. Global Change Biology, 23, 1167-1179.
doi: 10.1111/gcb.2017.23.issue-3
[48] Zhou XH, Sherry RA, An Y, Wallace LL, Luo YQ ( 2006). Main and interactive effects of warming, clipping, and doubled precipitation on soil CO2 efflux in a grassland ecosystem. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 20, GB1003. DOI: 10.1029/2005GB002526.
[49] Zhou XH, Wan SQ, Luo YQ ( 2007). Source components and interannual variability of soil CO2 efflux under experimental warming and clipping in a grassland ecosystem. Global Change Biology, 13, 761-775.
[1] WEN Chun,JIN Guang-Ze. Effects of functional diversity on productivity in a typical mixed broadleaved-Korean pine forest [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(2): 94-106.
[2] WANG Xiang, ZHU Ya-Qiong, ZHENG Wei, GUAN Zheng-Xuan, SHENG Jian-Dong. Soil respiration features of mountain meadows under four typical land use types in Zhaosu Basin [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(3): 382-396.
[3] Yining Wu, He Wang, Haixiu Zhong, Nan Xu, Jinbo Li, Jifeng Wang, Hongwei Ni, Hongfei Zou. The response of diverse soil fauna communities to elevated CO2 concentrations in Sanjiang Plain [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(10): 1127-1132.
[4] YE Zi-Piao, DUAN Shi-Hua, AN Ting, KANG Hua-Jing. Construction of CO2-response model of electron transport rate in C4 crop and its application [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2018, 42(10): 1000-1008.
[5] CHAI Xi, LI Ying-Nian, DUAN Cheng, ZHANG Tao, ZONG Ning, SHI Pei-Li, HE Yong-Tao, ZHANG Xian-Zhou. CO2 flux dynamics and its limiting factors in the alpine shrub-meadow and steppe-meadow on the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2018, 42(1): 6-19.
[6] Muqier Hasi, Xueyao Zhang, Guoxiang Niu, Yinliu Wang, Jianhui Huang. Effects of Nitrogen Addition on Ecosystem CO2 Exchange in a Meadow Steppe, Inner Mongolia [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2018, 53(1): 27-41.
[7] Zhi-Cheng ZHU, Yin HUANG, Feng-Wei XU, Wen XING, Shu-Xia ZHENG, Yong-Fei BAI. Effects of precipitation intensity and temporal pattern on soil nitrogen mineralization in a typical steppe of Nei Mongol grassland [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2017, 41(9): 938-952.
[8] Ya-Lin XIE, Hai-Yan WANG, Xiang-Dong LEI. Effects of climate change on net primary productivity in Larix olgensis plantations based on process modeling [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2017, 41(8): 826-839.
[9] Xin-Qi WANG, Yi HAN, Chuan-Kuan WANG. Soil microbial biomass and its seasonality in deciduous broadleaved forests with different stand ages in the Mao’ershan region, Northeast China [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2017, 41(6): 597-609.
[10] Fei XU, Chuan-Kuan WANG. Seasonality and drivers of stem CO2 efflux for four temperate coniferous tree species [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2017, 41(4): 396-408.
[11] Xiao-Bing ZHOU, Yuan-Ming ZHANG, Ye TAO, Lin WU. Effluxes of nitrous oxide, methane and carbon dioxide and their responses to increasing nitrogen deposition in the Gurbantünggüt Desert of Xinjiang, China [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2017, 41(3): 290-300.
[12] Youyin Ye,Peng Xiang,Yu Wang,Mao Lin. Phytoplankton diversity and its relationship with currents in the six bays of Fujian [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2017, 25(3): 285-293.
[13] Ling-Zhao TAN, Chun-Yu FAN, Xiu-Hua FAN. Relationships between species diversity or community structure and productivity of woody-plants in a broad-leaved Korean pine forest in Jiaohe, Jilin, China [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2017, 41(11): 1149-1156.
[14] Xiao-Gai GE, Ben-Zhi ZHOU, Wen-Fa XIAO, Xiao-Ming WANG, Yong-Hui CAO, Ming YE. Effects of biochar addition on dynamics of soil respiration and temperature sensitivity in a Phyllostachys edulis forest [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2017, 41(11): 1177-1189.
[15] Xiaobo Huang, Shuaifeng Li, Jianrong Su, Wande Liu, Xuedong Lang. The relationship between species richness and ecosystem multifunctionality in the Pinus yunnanensis natural secondary forest [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2017, 25(11): 1182-1191.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] Wu Xian-jun;Li Ping;Zhao Zhen-ju;Wang Qian;Li Chao-luan;Huang Rong and Cheng Fa-ling. Studies on the biological characteristics of Cycas panzhihuaensis, I. Morphology and anatomy of vegetative organs[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1995, 12(专辑): 38 -40 .
[2] LIAO Fei-Xiong and PAN Rui-Chi. Review of Plant Root-Specific Gene Expression[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1998, 15(02): 8 -13 .
[3] Shumei Ma, Rui Zhang, Yan Sun, Dongjun Liu, Yifan Guo, Wenlin Liu, Fengying Song, Shuping Yang, Jumei Zhang, Guangzu Sun, Hongji Zhang. Genetic Diversity of Wheat Germplasm Resources from Far East Russia and Heilongjiang Province[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2014, 49(2): 150 -160 .
[4] Xia Li;Xiufeng Yan;Jianfeng Liu;. Effects of Nitrogen Forms on Nitrogen Metabolism-related Enzymes and Growth of Phellodendron amurense Seedlings[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2006, 23(3): 255 -261 .
[5] Zhang Ping Xu Kai-sheng Zhang Yu-pin Zhou Dong-qing Huang San-tuan Kou De-yu. Application Effects of the Cold-resister CR-4 in Early-rice Seedling Culture in Jiujiang Area[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1994, 11(特辑): 90 -93 .
[6] WANG Fu-Qing LI Min QU Yong-Mei. Observation on Microstructure of Male Abortion in Chinese Cabbage[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2001, 18(01): 105 -109 .
[7] He Guan-fu. Perspective and Strategy of Phytochemistry[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1992, 9(01): 32 -36 .
[8] Liangbing Chen;Meixia Zhu;Bingyi Hu . Variation in Simple Sequence Repeats in Two Common Wild Rice Populations from Qionghai and Sanya[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2006, 23(2): 152 -157 .
[9] Jin Yin-gen;Zhou Gui-xiang;Wang Zeng-chun and Wang Zhong. Structure and Function of the Spikelet of Rice (Oryza sativa)[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1996, 13(04): 34 -37 .
[10] ZHANG Wu ZHENG Shao-Lin DING Qiu-Hong. First Discovery of a Genus Scotoxylon from China[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2000, 17(专辑): 202 -205 .