Chin J Plan Ecolo ›› 2018, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (7): 703-712.doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2018.0064

• Research Articles •     Next Articles

Ecosystem carbon stock and within-system distribution in successional Fagus lucida forests in Mt. Yueliang, Guizhou, China

ZHOU Xu-Li,CAI Qiong,XIONG Xin-Yu,FANG Wen-Jing,ZHU Jian-Xiao,ZHU Jiang-Ling,FANG Jing-Yun,JI Cheng-Jun()   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, and Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Online:2018-06-01 Published:2018-07-20
  • Contact: Cheng-Jun JI
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFA0605101);the National Science and Technology Basic Project of China(2015FY210200);the National Natural Science Foundation of China(31700374)


Aims Stand age plays a vital role in carbon (C) stock and its distribution (vegetation, woody debris, litter and soil) within forest ecosystems. Subtropical forests are pivotal in the C cycling of terrestrial ecosystems. In subtropical China, Fagus trees are widely distributed and of great importance. However, the analyses of C storage in chronosequent Fagus forests have not been well performed.

Methods Nine Fagus lucida forests at three succession stages (33, 82 and 208 year-old) were studied in Mt. Yueliang, Guizhou Province, and their C stocks and distributions within the forests were investigated and estimated.

Important findings Ecosystem C stock increased significantly with increasing stand age, which was (186.9 ± 46.0), (265.8 ± 82.3) and (515.1 ± 176.4) Mg·hm-2 in the 33, 82 and 208 year-old forests, respectively. The increase in the C stock appeared mainly attributed from increase in vegetation C stocks that accounted for 32%-79% of the total C stock. The woody debris and litter carbon stocks also increased significantly with increasing stand age, but accounted for <1% of the total C stock. While soil C stock showed no significant change with increasing stand age, it decreased its contribution to the total C stock (from 67% to 20%). These results confirmed the importance of stand age on C storage and the dynamic reallocations in the subtropical forests. Results from this study also added additional evidences in understanding the significance of disturbance and land use in C accumulation.

Key words: carbon stock, Fagus lucida forests, stand age, vegetation, soil, litter, woody debris

Table 1

Characteristics of the nine stands of Fagus lucida forest in Mt. Yueliang"

样地编号 Stand No. 33年林 33 a forest 82年林 82 a forest 208年林 208 a forest
海拔 Altitude (m) 1 422 1 400 1 405 1 457 1 451 1 439 1 474 1 471 1 469
森林起源 Forest origin 次生林
Secondary forest
Secondary forest
Secondary forest
林龄 Stand age (a) 30 36 34 71 84 92 203 215 207
坡向 Aspect 南偏东80度
80° SE
25° SE
25° SE
80° NW
60° NW
55° SE
70° SW
坡度 Slope (°) 35 45 47 35 16 37 32 36 32
平均胸径 Mean DBH (cm) 8.9 9.2 8.9 17.0 17.4 14.6 16.1 19.2 18.9
最大胸径 DBHmax (cm) 25.9 24.5 26.1 42.7 75.8 44.6 90.7 74.5 71.6
平均树高 Mean Height (m) 7.7 7.7 7.5 10.6 13.7 9.9 8.1 11.7 9.9
最大树高 Heightmax (m) 12 12 13 16 25 21 17 23 24
总胸高断面积 TBA (m2·hm-2) 24.7 25.1 27.5 41.4 65.0 52.5 79.0 49.3 63.2
密度 Stand density (No.· hm-2) 3 200 3 167 3 483 1 500 1 850 2 300 1 800 1 000 1 400
乔木种数 Number of trees 21 19 23 17 19 24 18 21 19
灌木种数 Number of shrubs 48 52 44 49 70 70 47 52 55
草本种数 Number of herbs 27 20 24 22 23 25 15 22 24

Table 2

Allometric equations for calculating aboveground biomass (AGB) and belowground biomass (BGB) of dominant tree species in this study"

物种 Species 地上生物量 AGB (kg) 地下生物量 BGB (kg) 本文主要对应树种
Species in this study
锥属 Castanopsis AGB = 0.0177(D2H)1.0168 + 0.0364(D2H)0.6530 +
BGB = 0.00911(D2H)0.933951 锥属 Castanopsis Qiu et al., 1984
水青冈属 Fagus AGB = 0.0125(D2H)1.05 + 0.000933(D 2H)1.23 +
0.000294(D 2H)1.20
BGB = 0.00322(D2H)1.13 亮叶水青冈 Fagus lucida Wang et al., 2007
樟科 Lauraceae AGB = 0.055603(D2H)0.850193 +
0.014757(D2H)0.808395 + 0.006652(D2H)1.051841 +
BGB = 0.184736(D2H)0.616421 木姜子属 Litsea Yao et al., 2003
AGB = 0.174(D2H)0.7661 + 3 × 10-8(D2H)2 +
0.001(D2H) + 9.7883 + 0.0002(D2H)1.2696 +
0.0002D3.2304 + 3 × 10-7(D2H)1.5626
BGB = 0.0094(D2H)0.9538 枫香树
Liquidambar formosana
Ming et al., 2012
柯属 Lithocarpus AGB = 0.0347(D2H)0.9470 + 0.0084(D2H)0.9112 +
BGB = 0.01534(D2H)0.95121 柯属 Lithocarpus Qiu et al., 1984
AGB = 0.502921(D2H)0.56821 +
0.007183(D2H)0.92191 + 0.02252(D2H)0.62601
BGB = 0.0364(D2H)0.79111 木兰属 Magnolia Qiu et al., 1984
broad-leaved trees
AGB = 0.0650(D2H)0.84 + 1.59(D2H)0.38 +
BGB = 0.291(D2H)0.55 鹅耳枥属 Carpinus,
槭属 Acer
Wang et al., 2007
broad-leaved trees
AGB = 0.17686(D2H)0.75995 +
0.11499(D2H)0.69997 + 0.107513(D2H)0.53231
BGB = 0.095827(D2H)0.7165 青冈属 Cyclobalanopsis,
冬青属 Ilex
Deng et al., 2000
Small deciduous trees
AGB = 0.0434(D2H)0.91 +
0.000902(D2H)1.31 + 0.000790(D2H)1.05
BGB = 0.000781(D2H)1.05 尖叶四照花
Dendrobenthamia angustata,
Clethra kaipoensis
Wang et al., 2007
Small evergreen trees
AGB = 0.190(D2H)0.663 +
0.123(D2H)1.023 + 0.00728(D2H)0.548
BGB = 0.0557(D2H)0.622 川桂 Cinnamomum wilsonii,
杜鹃属 Rhododendron
Wang et al., 2007

Fig. 1

Changes in vegetation carbon density of the nine successional Fagus lucida forests in Mt. Yueliang (mean + SE). A, Carbon density in different life forms (trees, shrubs and herbs). B, Above- and below-ground carbon density."

Fig. 2

Absolute (mean + SE) (A) and relative distribution of carbon density (B) of plant debris in the nine successional Fagus lucida forests in Mt. Yueliang. CWD, coarse woody debris; FWD, fine woody debris."

Fig. 3

Absolute (mean + SE) (A) and relative distribution of soil carbon density (B) by soil depth in the nine successional Fagus lucida forests of Mt. Yueliang."

Fig. 4

Absolute (mean + SE) (A) and relative distribution of ecosystem carbon density (B) in the nine successional Fagus lucida forests of Mt. Yueliang."

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