Chin J Plant Ecol ›› 2020, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (4生态技术与方法专辑): 0-0.doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2019.0315

   

Developments and applications for terrestrial biosphere model

1,Chao Yue2,JInfeng Chang3   

  1. 1.
    2. Institute of Soil & Water Conservation, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shannxi 712100, China
    3. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
  • Received:2019-11-18 Revised:2020-03-19 Online:2020-03-26 Published:2020-03-20

Abstract: Exchange of energy and matter between terrestrial biosphere and atmosphere and hydrosphere have important feedbacks on Earth’s climate. To quantify how terrestrial ecosystem respond and feedback to global change, terrestrial biosphere model (TBM) was developed and applied in global change ecology during the past decades. In TBMs, myriad of biogeophysical, biogeochemical, hydrological cycle and dynamics processes on different spatial and temporal scales are represented. The TBMs have been applied for assessing and attributing past changes in terrestrial biosphere, and for predicting future changes and feedbacks to climate. Here, we provide an overview of processes included in TBMs, and TBMs applications on carbon cycle, hydrological cycle and human impacts on terrestrial ecosystems. Finally, we outline perspectives for future development and application of TBMs.

Key words: terrestrial biosphere model, terrestrial biosphere, ecosystem ecology, ecosystem research, global change, carbon cycle

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