Chin J Plant Ecol ›› 2020, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (4): 436-448.DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2019.0315

Special Issue: 全球变化与生态系统 生态学研究的技术和方法

• Reviews • Previous Articles    

Developments and applications of terrestrial biosphere model

PENG Shu-Shi1,*(),YUE Chao2,CHANG Jin-Feng3   

  1. 1College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2Institute of Soil & Water Conservation, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shannxi 712100, China
    3International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
  • Received:2019-11-18 Accepted:2020-03-11 Online:2020-04-20 Published:2020-03-26
  • Contact: PENG Shu-Shi ORCID:0000-0001-5098-726X
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41722101)


Exchanges of energy and matter between terrestrial biosphere and atmosphere and hydrosphere create critical feedbacks to Earth’s climates. To quantify how terrestrial ecosystems respond and feedback to global changes, terrestrial biosphere model (TBM) has been developed and applied in global change ecology during the past decades. In TBMs, myriad of biogeophysical, biogeochemical, hydrological cycles and dynamics processes on different spatial and temporal scales are represented. The TBMs have been applied on assessing and attributing past changes in terrestrial biosphere, and on predicting future changes and their feedbacks to climates. Here, we provide an overview of processes included in TBMs and TBMs applications on carbon and hydrological cycles, as well as their application on exploring human impacts on terrestrial ecosystems. Finally, we outline perspectives for future development and application of TBMs.

Key words: terrestrial biosphere model, terrestrial biosphere, ecosystem ecology, ecosystem research, global change, carbon cycle