Chin J Plan Ecolo ›› 2011, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (7): 759-768.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1258.2011.00759

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Responses of the spatial-temporal distribution of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) roots and yield to different ratios of nitrogen sources

XIONG Shu-Ping1, WANG Xiao-Chun2*, LI Chun-Ming1,3, MA Xin-Ming1, DU Shao-Yong1, ZHANG Ying-Wu1, and LIN Shi-Zhao1   

  1. 1College of Agronomy, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China;

    2College of Life Science, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002,China;

    3Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Zhengzhou 450003, China
  • Received:2011-01-05 Revised:2011-05-26 Online:2011-08-18 Published:2011-07-01
  • Contact: WANG Xiao-Chun


Aims The study was conducted to reveal the effects of organic manure and urea on root spatial-temporal distributions, root turnover and yield in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum).
Methods Using a minirhizotron root monitoring system, we studied root parameters (diameter, length density, increment, mortality and turnover) and yield of winter wheat ‘Yumai34’ under different fertilizer treatments (chicken manure and urea in ratios of 75 : 25, 50 : 50 and 25 : 75).
Important findings Chicken manure and urea can increase root diameter, length density, increment, mortality and turnover in different growing stages. The 50 : 50 ratio of organic manure to urea had the greatest effect, significantly enhancing the above values. In contrast to no fertilizer treatment and urea treatment, the treatments of different ratios of organic manure to urea can significantly increase the number of effective tillers, grains per spike, grain weight per spike, economic yield and harvest index. Furthermore, both the economic yield and harvest index reached their highest values under the 50 : 50 treatment, and the differences with other treatments were statistically significant. Considering the general factors such as wheat grain yield and harvest index, the equivalent ratio of organic manure to urea had the largest effects and resulted in the highest wheat grain yield.

Bai WM(白文明), Cheng WX(程维信), Li LH(李凌浩)(2005). Applications of minirhizotron techniques to root ecology research. Acta Ecologica Sinica(生态学报), 25(11):3077-3081. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Bartsch N(1987). Responses of root systems of young Pinus sylvestris and Picea abies plant s to water deficit s and soil acidity . Canadaian Journal of Forest Research , 17 (8) : 805-812.
Berntson GM , Farnsworthe EJ , Bazzaz FA(1995). Allocation , within and between organs, and the dynamics of root length changes in two birch species. Oecologia , 101 (4) : 439-447.
Burton AJ , Pregitzer KS , Zogg GP(1996). Latitudinal variation in sugar maple fine root respiration. Canadian Journal of Forest Research , 26 (10) : 1761-1768.
Burton AJ, Pregitzer KS, Hendrick RL. Relationships between fine root dynamics and nitrogen availability in Michigan northern hardwood forest. Oecologia, 2000, 125: 389- 399.
Crocker TL, Hendrick RL, Ruess RW. Substituting root numbers for length: improving the use of minirhizotrons to study fine root dynamics. Applied Soil Ecology, 2003, 23:127-135.
Gill RA, Jackson RB(2000). Global patterns of root turnover for terrestrial ecosystems. New Phytol , 147:13-31.
Gordon WS , Jaekson RB(2000). Nutrient concentration in fine roots. Ecology, 81 (1) : 275-280.
Grime JP , Campbell BD, Mackey JML(1991). Plant root growth, an ecological perspective . London: Blackwell Scientific Publishers , 381-397.
Jiang D(姜东),Yu ZW(于振文),Xu YM(许玉敏),Yu SL(余松烈)(1999).Efects of combined application of organic manure and fertilizer on senescences of root an d flag leaf in winter wheat.Acta Pedologica Sinica(土壤学报), 36(4):440—447.(in Chinese with English abstract)
Keyes MR , Grier CC(1981). Above- and below-ground net production in 40-year-old Douglas-fir stands on low and high productivity sites . Canadian Journal of Forest Research , 11 (3) : 599-605.
Li XH(李絮花), Yang SX(杨守祥), Yu ZW(于振文), YU SL(余松烈) (2005). Effects of organic manure application on growth and senescence of root in winter wheat. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science(植物营养与肥料学报), 11 (4):467 – 472. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Ma SC(马守臣), Xu BC(徐炳成), Li FM(李凤民), Huang ZB(黄占斌)(2008). Effect of root pruning on root distribution, root efficiency and yield formation of winter wheat in Loess Plateau . Acta Ecologica Sinica(生态学报),28(12):6172-6179. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Ma YX(马元喜)(1999). The Root of Wheat(小麦的根). Beijing: China Agriculture Press, (in Chinese)
Norby RJ , Jackson RB(2000). Root dynamics and global change :Seeking an ecosystem perspective. New Phytol, 147:3-12.
Peng YF(彭云峰) , Zhang WP(张吴平), Li CJ(李春俭) (2009). Relationship between nitrogen efficiency and root architecture of maize plants: simulation and application. Scientia Agricultura Sinica(中国农业科学), 42(3): 843-853. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Pregitzer KS, Zak DR , Curitis PS(1995). Atmospheric CO2 , soil nitrogen and turnover of fine roots. New Phytologist , 129 (4) : 579-585.
Yao JH(姚建华), Niu DK(牛德奎), Li ZJ(李兆君), Liang YC(梁永超), Zhang SQ(张树清)(2010). Effects of Antibiotics Oxytetracycline on Soil Enzyme Activities and Microbial Biomass in Wheat Rhizosphere. Scientia Agricultura Sinica(中国农业科学),43(4):721-728. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Zhang LS(张兰松),Ma YA(马永安),Li BJ(李保军),Zhu J(朱静),Sun SC(孙书成)(2003). Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers conbined application on increase yield of winter wheat. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science(植物营养与肥料学报), 9 (4):503 – 505. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Zhang WP(张吴平), Guo Y(郭焱), Li BG(李保国) (2006). Development and Application of Three-Dimensional Growth Model of Root System in Wheat Seedling. Scientia Agricultura Sinica(中国农业科学), 39(11): 2261-2269. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Zhang YQ(张永清), Li H(李华), Miao GY(苗果园)(2006). Effect of Fertilization Depth on Distribution and Late Senescence of Root System of Spring Wheat. Soils(土 壤),38 (1): 110-112. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Zhao BQ(赵秉强), Zhang FS(张福锁) , Li ZJ(李增嘉), Li FC(李凤超), Shi CY(史春余) , Zhang J(张骏), Zhang XC(张新春), Shen JX(申加祥), Pan HJ(潘海军), Zhao JM (赵甲美), Yin YB(尹玉波), Wu CJ(武传杰) (2003 ). The vertical distribution and its change of root quantity and activity of the inter-planted winter wheat. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science (植物营养与肥料学报), 9 (2) :214-219. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Zhou Y(周焱), Luo AC(罗安程)(1997). Effect of organic manure on phosphorus absorption and root activities of wheat. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science(植物营养与肥料学报),3(3): 243-248. (in Chinese with English abstract)
No related articles found!
Full text



[1] Xiling Dai;Jianguo Cao;Quanxi Wang* . Formation and Development of Sporoderm of Ceratopteris thalictroides (L.) Brongn. (Parkeriaceae)[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2008, 25(01): 72 -79 .
[2] Liu De-li. Heat-Shock Proteins of Plants and their Functions[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1996, 13(01): 14 -19 .
[3] Chengqiang Ding, Dan Ma, Shaohua Wang, Yanfeng Ding. Optimization Process and Method of 2-D Electrophoresis for Rice Proteomics[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2011, 46(1): 67 -73 .
[4] SONG Ke-Min. Phosphorus Nutrition of Plants: Phosphate Transport Systems and their Regulation[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1999, 16(03): 251 -256 .
[5] CHEN Fa-Ju;YANG Ying-Gen;ZHAO De-Xiu;GUI Yao-Lin and GUO Zhong-Chen. Advances in Studies of Species Habitats Distribution and Chemical Composition of Snow Lotuses(Saussurea) in China[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1999, 16(05): 561 -566 .
[6] YANG Hong-QiangJIE Yu-lingLI Jun. The Stresses Messenger from Roots and Its Production and Transport in Plant[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2002, 19(01): 56 -62 .
[7] Hui Li, Guangcan Zhang, Huicheng Xie, Jingwei Xu, Chuanrong Li, Juwen Sun. The Effect of Phenol Concentration on Photosynthetic Physiological Parameters of Salix babylonica[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2016, 51(1): 31 -39 .
[8] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1996, 13(专辑): 97 -98 .
[10] Wang Renqing. Comparative Study on the Vegetation Between Shandong and Liaodong Peninsulas[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1984, 8(1): 41 -51 .