Chin J Plan Ecolo ›› 2013, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (7): 665-673.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1258.2013.00069

;

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Differences and similarities between water sources of Tamarix ramosissima, Nitraria sibirica and Reaumuria soongorica in the southeastern Junggar Basin

ZHOU Hai1,2*, ZHENG Xin-Jun1**, TANG Li-Song1, and LI Yan1   

  1. 1Fukang Desert Ecosystem Observation and Experiment Station, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ürümqi 830011, China;

    2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2013-01-05 Revised:2013-04-09 Online:2013-07-05 Published:2013-07-01
  • Contact: ZHENG Xin-Jun E-mail:doranmaple@126.com

Abstract:

Aims Water is the most important limiting factor for plant growth in desert ecosystems. Our objective was to investigate the water sources of three co-existing desert plants and illustrate seasonal variation characteristics in southeastern Junggar Desert in China.
Methods We investigated three kinds of desert plants (Tamarix ramosissima, Nitraria sibirica and Reaumuria soongorica) in the same habitat and measured hydrogen and oxygen stable isotope ratio (δD and δ18O) values of their xylem water and potential water sources (precipitation, soil moisture and ground water). The IsoSource model was then used to calculate probable contributions of potential water sources to total plant water uptake.
Important findings The water sources of the three desert plants had obvious seasonal characteristics. Reaumuria soongorica and N. tangutorum obtained a high proportion of water from shallow soil water (0–100 cm) in spring. However, during the summer and autumn, R. soongorica tended to use deeper soil water, and N. tangutorum tended to use ground water. Tamarix ramosissima obtained 90% of its water from deep soil water and ground water, and there were no seasonal variations. The three kinds of plants had different water sources closely related to their water use strategies. This shows desert shrubs, through self-regulation, could tend to their optimal phenotypes and maximize water uptake.

Alessio G A, De Lillis M, Brugnoli E, Lauteri M.2004.Water sources and water—use efficiency in Mediterranean coastal Dune vegetation.Plant Biol(Stuttg), 6:350~357.
Allisongb, Leaneyfw.1982.stimation of isotopic exchange parameters, using constant feed pans[J].Journal of Hydrology, 55:l5--l61.
Canadell J, Jacksonr B, Ehleringer J r, et. a1..l996.A global review of rooting patterns.II.Maximum rooting depth[J]. Oecologia, l08:583—595.
Chai CW (柴成武), Xu XY (徐先英), Tang WD (唐卫东), Wang FL (王方琳), Wang L (王龙) (2009). Root system of the main sand fixing plants in desert zone of Shiyanghe river basin. Journal of Northwest Forestry University (西北林学院学报), 24(4), 21–26. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Cheng HB(陈海滨) ,Sun CZ(孙长忠), An F(安 锋),Dang KL(党坤良)(2003). A Study on Forest Soil Water Features of Loess Plateau Gully and Hilly Region(I)-Vertical and Seasonal of Soil Water. Journal of Northwest Forestry University(西北林学院学报) , 18 (4 ): 13-16.
Cheng XL, An SQ, Li B, Chen JQ, Lin GH, Liu YH, Luo YQ, Liu SR (2006). Summer rain pulse size and rainwater uptake by three dominant desert plants in a desertified grassland ecosystem in northwestern China. Plant Ecology, 184, 1–12.
Chimner RA, Cooper DJ (2004). Using stable oxygen isotopes to quantify the water source used for transpiration by native shrubs in the San Luis Valley, Colorado U.S.A. Plant and Soil, 260, 225–236.
Craig H. Isotopic variations in meteoric waters [ J ]. Science , 1961 ,133 :1702-1703.
Dawson T E, Mambelli S, Plamboeck A H, et. al..2002. Stable isotope in Plant ecology. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 33:507 – 559.
Dawson T E, Ehleringe J R.1991.Streamside trees that do not use stream water. Nature, 350:335—337.
Duan DY, Ouyang H, Song MH, Hu QW(2008). Water sources of dominant species in three alpine ecosystems on the Tibetan Plateau, China. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, 50, 257–264.
Dube O.P. and Pickup G. 2001. Effects of rainfall variability and communal and semicommercial grazing on land cover insouthern African ranglands. Climate Res. 17((2): 195 –208.
Ehleringer J R, Dawson T E, 1992.Water uptake by plants::perspectives from stable isotope composition[J].Plant, Cell & Environment, 15:1073–1082.
Ellsworth P Z, Williams D G.2007.Hydrogen isotope fractionation during water uptake by woody xerophytes[J].Plant and Soil, 291:93–107.
Eggemeyer K D, Awada T, Harvey F E, Wedin D A, Zhou X H, Zanner C W.2009.Seasonal changes in depth of water uptake for encroaching trees Juniperus virginiana and Pinus ponderosa and two dominant C4 grasses in a semi-arid grassland.Tree Physiology, 29:157–169.
Flanagan LB, Ehleringer JR,Marshall JD(1992). Differential uptake of summer precipitation among co-occurring trees and shrubs in a pinyon-juniper woodland. Plant, Cell & Environment, 15, 831–836.
Gerile(格日乐), Zhang L(张力), Liu J(刘军), Ning RX(宁瑞些), Wuren TD(乌仁陶德), Gao Y (高岩) (2006). Soil moisture dynamic rule of artificial Haloxylon ammodendron froest in Kubuqi Desert. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment (干旱区资源与环境 ), 20, 173–177. (in Chinese)
Liu JR(柳鉴容), Song XF(宋献方), Yuan GF(袁国富), Sun XM(孙晓敏), Liu X(刘鑫), Chen F(陈锋), Wang ZhM(王志民) , Wang SQ(王仕琴)(2008). Characteristics of 18 O in Precipitation over Northwest China and Its Water Vapor Sources[ J ] Acta Geographica Sinica (地理学报), 63 (1): 12-22
Phillips D L, Gregg J W.2003.Source partitioning using stable isotopes:Coping with too many sources.Oecologia, 136:261-269.
Phillips D L, Newsome S D, Gregg J W.2005.Combining sources in stable isotope emixing models:alternative methods.Oecologia, 144:520-527.
Sun X(孙祥), Yu Z(于卓) (1992). A study on Root System of Nitraria Tangutorum. Journal of Desert Research(中国沙漠), 12 (4):50-54.
Tang K, Feng XH. The effect of soil hydrology on the oxygen and hydrogen isotopic compositions of plants’ source water [ J ]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters , 2001,185 (3/ 4): 355-367.
Wang MB(王孟本), Li HJ(李洪建)(1995).Quantitative Study on The Soil Water Dynamics of Various Forest Plantationsin The Loess Plateau Region In Northwestern Shanx[ J ]. Acta Ecologica sinica(生态学报), 15 (2): 178-1841.
Wang BJ(王宝鉴), Huang YX(黄玉霞,), Tao JH(陶健红), Li DL(李栋梁), Wan GX(王鹏祥). Regional Features and Variations of Water Vapor in Northwest China[ J ]. Journal of Glaci- ology and Geocryology(冰川冻土), 2006, 28(1):15-21.
White J W C, Cook E R, Lawrence J R, et. al.1985.The deuterium to Hydrogen ratios of sap in trees:implications for water sources and tree ring deuterium to hydrogen ratios. Geochim Cosmochim Acta, 49:237 – 283.
Williams DG, Ehleringer JR (2000). Intra- and interspeci?c variation for summer precipitation use in pinyon-juniper woodlands. Ecological Monographs, 70, 517–537.
Xu H, Li Y(2006). Water-use strategy of three central Asian desert shrubs and their responses to rain pulse events. Plant and Soil , 285: 5–17.
Xu GQ, Li Y(2009). Root distribution of three co-occurring desert shrubs and their physiological response to precipitation. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 1(2): 0120–0127
Yl LP(弋良朋) Ma J(马 健) Ll Y(李 彦)(2007) The Comparisons of Root System and Root Hair Morphological Characteristics among Three Desert Halophytes. Bulletin of Botanical Research(植物研究), 27(2):204-211.
Yang ZH(杨自辉), Gao ZH(高志海)(2000). Impact of precipitation and underground water level in the edge of oases on growth and decline of Nitraria tangugtorum community. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology(应用生态学报) , 11( 6): 923-926.
Zhang XP(章新平), Liu JM刘晶淼(), Sun WZ(孙维贞), Huang YM(黄一民), Zhang JM(张剑明). Study on relationship between stable oxygen isotope in precipitation and relative metrological parameters in Southwest China[ J ]. Science in China (Series D) (中国科学(D 辑)), 2006, 36(9): 850-859.
No related articles found!
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] Hu Shi-yi. Fertilization in Plants IV. Fertilization Barriers Inoompalibilty[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1984, 2(23): 93 -99 .
[2] JIANG Gao-Ming. On the Restoration and Management of Degraded Ecosystems: with Special Reference of Protected Areas in the Restoration of Degraded Lands[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2003, 20(03): 373 -382 .
[3] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1994, 11(专辑): 65 .
[4] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1996, 13(专辑): 103 .
[5] ZHANG Xiao-Ying;YANG Shi-Jie. Plasmodesmata and Intercellular Trafficking of Macromolecules[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1999, 16(02): 150 -156 .
[6] Chen Zheng. Arabidopsis thaliana as a Model Species for Plant Molecular Biology Studies[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1994, 11(01): 6 -11 .
[7] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1996, 13(专辑): 13 -16 .
[8] LEI Xiao-Yong HUANG LeiTIAN Mei-ShengHU Xiao-SongDAI Yao-Ren. Isolation and Identification of AOX (Alternative Oxidase) in ‘Royal Gala’ Apple Fruits[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2002, 19(06): 739 -742 .
[9] Chunpeng Yao;Na Li. Research Advances on Abscisic Acid Receptor[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2006, 23(6): 718 -724 .
[10] Li Wang, Qinqin Wang, Youqun Wang. Cytochemical Localization of ATPase and Acid Phosphatase in Minor Veins of the Leaf of Vicia faba During Different Developmental Stages[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2014, 49(1): 78 -86 .