Chin J Plan Ecolo ›› 2013, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (8): 758-767.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1258.2013.00079

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of spacing interval of wide bed planting on canopy characteristics and yield in winter wheat

LI Shi-Ying, FENG Wei*, WANG Yong-Hua, WANG Chen-Yang, and GUO Tian-Cai*   

  1. National Engineering Research Centre for Wheat, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China
  • Received:2013-02-21 Revised:2013-04-23 Online:2013-08-07 Published:2013-08-01
  • Contact: FENG Wei,GUO Tian-Cai E-mail:gmzx-guo@371.net

Abstract:

Aims Spacing interval is a cultivation technique to obtain high yield. Our objective was to investigate the effects of spacing interval on canopy characteristics and yield in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) under different planting patterns of wide bed planting methods with 8 cm drilling width and conventional drilling planting methods with 2 cm drilling width.
Methods A field experiment was conducted in growing seasons of 2010–2011 and 2011–2012, growing multi-spike winter wheat cultivar ‘Aikang 58’ under different planting methods with three spacing intervals of 7, 12 and 17 cm for wide bed planting methods and 20 cm of row spacing for conventional drilling planting methods. Time-course measurements were taken on canopy leaf area index, mean leaf angle, canopy openness, light interception, canopy temperature, relative humidity and yield during the experimental periods.
Important findings Compared with conventional drilling planting methods, the leaf area index, mean leaf angle, light interception, relative humidity, spikes numbers, biomass and grain yield for wide bed planting methods are higher, while canopy openness and temperature are lower. Subsequently, spike numbers per unit area increased by 4.8%–16.4% (in 2010–2011) and 8.9%–21.0% (in 2011–2012) and yield increased by 2.96%–15.94% (in 2010–2011) and 4.09%–14.23% (in 2011–2012). Leaf area index, mean leaf angle, light interception, relative humidity and spike numbers decreased, and canopy openness and temperature increased with increased spacing interval under wide bed planting methods. Grain number per spike, grain weight, grain yield, biomass and harvest index are the highest in the 12 cm treatment and lowest in the 7 cm treatment. It can be concluded that 12 cm spacing interval under wide bed planting methods can be used as a feasible, promising planting pattern with reasonable canopy architecture and sufficient light distribution and interception and favorable microclimate.

Chen YH, Yu SL, Yu ZW (2003). Relationship between amount of distribution of PAR interception and grain output of wheat communities. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 29(5): 730-734. (in Chinese with English abstract) [陈雨海, 余松烈, 于振文 (2003). 小麦生长后期群体光截获量及其分布与产量的关系. 作物学报, 29(5): 730-734.]
De Bruin JL, Pedersen P (2008). Effect of row spacing and seeding rate on soybean yield. Agronomy Journal, 100(3): 704-710.
Du JD, Zhang XY, Li JY, Zheng DF, Feng NJ (2010). Density effect on microclimate characteristics of soybean population canopy and yield. Chinese journal of oil crop sciences, 2010, 32(2): 245-251. (in Chinese with English abstract) [杜吉到, 张晓艳, 李建英, 郑殿峰, 冯乃杰 (2010). 密度对大豆群体冠层微气象特征及产量的影响. 中国油料作物学报, 2010, 32(2): 245-251.]
Fan TL, Song SY, Xu YP, Li XM (2007). Relationship between canopy temperature and water use efficiency/grain yield among dryland winter wheat genotypes during grain filling stage. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 27(11): 4491-4497. (in Chinese with English abstract) [樊廷录, 宋尚有, 徐银萍, 李兴茂 (2007). 旱地冬小麦灌浆期冠层温度与产量和水分利用效率的关系. 生态学报, 27(11): 4491-4497.]
Jost PH, Cothren JT (2000). Growth and yield comparison of cotton planted in conventional and ultra-narrow row spacings. Crop Science, 40(2): 430-435.
Li YG, Jiang GM, Yang JC (2003). Effects of temperature on carbon and nitrogen metabolism yield and quality of wheat. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 27(2): 164-169. (in Chinese with English abstract) [李永庚, 蒋高明, 杨景成 (2003). 温度对小麦碳氮代谢、产量及品质影响. 植物生态学报, 27(2): 164-169.]
Liu RW, Dong ZG (1993). The relationship between difference of canopy and air temperatures and growth in winter wheat. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 13(4): 377-386. (in Chinese with English abstract) [刘瑞文, 董振国 (1993). 冠层温度和气温的差与冬小麦生长的关系. 生态学报, 13(4): 377-386.]
Liu WD, Chen XY, Yin J, Du PX (2009). Effect of sowing date and planting density on population trait and grain yield of winter wheat cultivar Yumai 49-198. Journal of Triticeae Crops, 29(3): 464-469. (in Chinese with English abstract) [刘万代, 陈现勇, 尹钧, 杜沛鑫 (2009). 播期和密度对冬小麦豫麦49-198群体性状和产量的影响. 麦类作物学报, 29(3): 464-469.]
Mannion, Antoinette (2012). Productivity and management in agricultural systems. Biologist, 2012, 59(1): 47.
Tan CW, Wang JH, Huang WJ, Zhu XX, Liu LY, Huang YD (2005). Influence of different nitrogen level on characteristic of summer corn canopy light radiation. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University, 28(2): 12-16. (in Chinese with English abstract) [谭昌伟, 王纪华, 黄文江, 朱小茜, 刘良云, 黄义德 (2005). 不同氮素水平下夏玉米冠层光辐射特征的研究. 南京农业大学学报, 28 (2): 12-16.]
Reta-Sanchez DG, Fowler JL (2002). Canopy light environment and yield of narrow- row cotton as affected by canopy architecture. Agronomy Journal, 94(6): 1317-1323.
Sharratt BS, McWilliams DA (2005). Microclimatic and rooting characteristics of narrow-row versus conventional-row corn. Agronomy Journal, 97(4): 1129-1135.
Shi PH, Mei XR, Leng SL, Du BH (1997). Relationship between canopy temperature and water condition of winter wheat farmland ecosystem. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 8(3): 332-334. (in Chinese with English abstract) [石培华, 梅旭荣, 冷石林, 杜宝华 (1997). 冠层温度与冬小麦农田生态系统水分状况的关系. 应用生态学报, 8(3): 332-334.]
Verhagen AMW, Wilson JH, Britten EJ (1963). Plant production in relation to foliage illumination. Annals of Botany, 27(4): 627-640.
Wang FH, Wang XQ (2003). Effect of raised bed planting on diseases and lodging resistance of wheat. Japanese Journal of Crop Science, 72(1): 136-137.
Wang Q, Chen JL, Sun ZQ (2006). The utility of LAI-2000 canopy analyzer studying the sunlight distribution characteristics in different plant colonies. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 39(5): 922-927. (in Chinese with English abstract) [王谦, 陈景玲, 孙治强 (2006). LAI-2000冠层分析仪在不同植物群体光分布特征研究中的应用. 中国农业科学, 39(5): 922-927.]
Wang ZJ, Guo TC, Wang HC, Wang YH (2001). Effect of planting density on photosynthetic characteristics and grain Yield of Super-high-yield winter wheat at late growth stages. Journal of Triticeae Crops, 21(3): 64-67. (in Chinese with English abstract) [王之杰, 郭天财, 王化岑, 王永华 (2001). 种植密度对超高产小麦生育后期光合特性及产量的影响. 麦类作物学报, 21(3): 64-67.]
Yang WP, Guo TC, Feng W, Liu SB, Wang YH (2012). Effect of row spacing on photosynthetic characteristics and yield of winter wheat(Triticum aestivum L.) with two kinds of spike type. Journal of Triticeae Crops, 32(3): 494-499. (in Chinese with English abstract) [杨文平, 郭天财, 冯伟, 刘胜波, 王永华 (2012). 行距配置对两种穗型冬小麦品种光合特性及产量的影响. 麦类作物学报, 32(3): 494-499.]
Yang WP, Guo TC, Liu SB, Wang CY, Wang YH, Ma DY (2008). Effect of row spacing in winter wheat on canopy structure and microclimate in later growth stage. Journal of Plant Ecology, 32(2): 485-490. (in Chinese with English abstract) [杨文平, 郭天财, 刘胜波, 王晨阳, 王永华, 马冬云(2008). 行距配置对‘兰考矮早八’小麦后期群体冠层结构及其微环境的影响. 植物生态学报, 32(2): 485-490.]
You HX (2005). The photosynthesis characteristics of the winter wheat colony of different density. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 21(4): 162-165. (in Chinese with English abstract) [由海霞 (2005). 不同密度小麦群体的光合作用特性研究. 中国农学通报, 21(4): 162-165.]
Yu ZW (2003). Crop cultivation. China Agriculture Press, Beijing. 276-278. (in Chinese) [于振文 (2003). 作物栽培学各论. 中国农业出版社, 北京. 276-278.]
Zhao BQ, YuS L, Li FC, Yu ZW (1999). Studies on correlation of strip type-seed rate-yield of strip planting wheat. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 1: 33-39. (in Chinese with English abstract) [赵秉强, 余松烈, 李凤超, 于振文 (1999). 带状种植小麦带型-群体-产量相关规律研究. 中国农业科学, (1): 33-39.]
Zhou CJ, Zhang HW, Wang LQ, Miao F (2005). Effect of fertilization on the canopy temperature of winter wheat and its relationship with biological characteristics. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 25(1): 18-25. (in Chinese with English abstract) [周春菊, 张嵩午, 王林权, 苗芳 (2005). 施肥对小麦冠层温度的影响及其与生物学性状的关联. 生态学报, 25(1): 18-22.]
Zhou ZJ, Dong QC, Guo YM, Yi JZ, Zhou WM (2005). Pratice and application of cultivation wheat precise quantity seed“Three high”technique. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 21(12): 175-178. (in Chinese with English abstract) [周忠军, 董全才, 郭延敏, 易杰忠, 周为民 (2005). 小麦精播“三高”栽培技术的实践与应用. 中国农学通报, 21(12): 175-178.]
Zhu YJ, Guo RL, Guo TC, Wang ZJ, Wang YH, Zhang QY (2001). Effects of spacing form and density on quality of population and grain yield of Lankao 906. Journal of Triticeae Crops, 21(2): 62-66. (in Chinese with English abstract) [朱云集, 郭汝礼, 郭天财, 王之杰, 王永华, 张庆友 (2001). 行距配置与密度对兰考906群体质量及产量的影响. 麦类作物学报, 21(2): 62-66.]
No related articles found!
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] Liu Ying-di. The Role of Ultrastructure in Algal Systematics[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1990, 7(04): 18 -23 .
[2] Fan Guo-qiang and Jiang Jian-ping. Study on the Methods of Extraction of Protein from Paulownia Leaves[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1997, 14(03): 61 -64 .
[3] Tong Zhe and Lian Han-ping. Cryptochrome[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1985, 3(02): 6 -9 .
[4] Huang Ju-fu and Luo Ai-ling. The Advances of the Studies on Extraction of FeMoco from Nitrogenase Molybdenum-Iron Protein[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1991, 8(03): 19 -25 .
[5] Hsu Rong-jiang Gu Wen-mao Gao Jing-cheng and Peng Chang-ming. Inhibitory Effect of High CO2 and Low O2 Tension on Ethylene Evolution in Apples[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1984, 2(01): 29 -31 .
[6] Zou Shu-hua;Zhao Shu-wen and Xu Bao. Electropheresis Profiles of Esterase Isozymes in Different Types of Soybean[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1985, 3(06): 18 -20 .
[7] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1999, 16(增刊): 49 -52 .
[8] Chi Tingfei;Shi Xiaofang;Huang Ruzhu;Zheng Xiangyun;Yuan Xiangning and Wu Dangjian. A Preliminary Study on the Chemical Constituents of the Leave Oil in prunus zippeliana Mig[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1986, 4(12): 44 -45 .
[9] Houqing Zeng, Yaxian Zhang, Shang Wang, Xiajun Zhang, Huizhong Wang, Liqun Du. Calcium/calmodulin-mediated Signal Transduction System in Plants[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2016, 51(5): 705 -723 .
[10] Zhu Zhi-qing. Abbreviations for some Commonly Used Terms in Ultrastructures of Plant Cells[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1984, 2(04): 57 -58 .