Chin J Plant Ecol ›› 2019, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (3): 245-257.doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2018.0311

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Ecological stoichiometry of two common hemiparasite plants and their relationship with host trees in Ailao Mountain, Yunnan, China

TANG Dan-Dan1,2,WU Yi1,2,LIU Wen-Yao1,*(),HU Tao1,2,HUANG Jun-Biao1,2,ZHANG Ting-Ting1,2   

  1. 1 CAS Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, Yunnan 666303, China
    2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-12-07 Revised:2019-03-01 Online:2019-04-23 Published:2019-03-20
  • Contact: LIU Wen-Yao E-mail:liuwy@xtbg.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(31770496);Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(41471050);Biodiversity Conservation Strategy Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences(ZSSD-016);The "135 Program" of Chinese Academy of Sciences(2017XTBG-T01)

Abstract:

Aims The objectives of this study were to characterize the carbon (C) : nitrogen (N) : phosphorus (P) stoichiometry of the “host branches-haustorias-parasitic branches-parasitic leaves” continuum and to better understand nutrient relationship between hemiparasite plants and their hosts.


Methods The study site is located in the Xujiaba area of Ailao Mountain, Yunnan Province. Two common hemiparasite plants Loranthus delavayi and Taxillus delavayi were selected, and the C, N and P concentrations of host branches, haustorias, parasitic branches and parasitic leaves were measured.


Important findings The results showed that, the tendency of C, N, P stoichiometry characteristics of host branches-haustorias-parasitic branches-parasitic leaves were species specific, and were not identical between the two hemiparasites. The host branches of the same parasitic plant have similar C, N, and P stoichiometry characteristics, and the host species have no significant effect on the stoichiometry of hemiparasites. There was a close coupling relationship between the C, N, P stoichiometry characteristics in the host branches, and the haustorias was weaker than the host branch, the parasitic branch was weaker than the haustorias, and there was no significant correlation between the N and P concentrations in the parasitic leaf. There was a significant negative correlation between the host branches and the parasitic leaves of C concentration. The C, N, P stoichiometry characteristics of the haustorias were more similar to the parasitic branches, and it had a very significant positive correlation with the host branches. As a key part of the host and parasitic plants, the haustorias had a significant correlation with the host branches, which reflected the importance of the host branch nutrients to the parasitic plants. The element stoichiometry and their relationship of the haustorias were more similar to those of the parasitic branches, which embodied that haustorias as a parasitic plant organ had physiological functions similar to those of the parasitic branches. These results provided important data for in-depth study of nutrient utilization strategies and ecological adaptability of hemiparasitic plants.

Key words: hemiparasite, ecological stoichiometry, branch, haustoria, leaf

Fig. 1

Changes of C, N, P concentrations and stoichiometry in the host branches, haustorias, parasitic branches, parasitic leaves in two common hemiparasites in Ailao Mountain (mean ± SE). a, host branch; b, haustorias; c, parasitic branches; d, parasitic leaves."

Table 1

Differences in the stoichiometric characteristics of C, N, and P in different organs of the same parasitic plant between different hosts in Ailao Mountain"

变量
Variable
椆树桑寄生 Loranthus delavayi 柳叶钝果寄生 Taxillus delavayi
物种 Species 器官 Organ 物种×器官 Species × Organ R2 物种 Species 器官 Organ 物种×器官 Species × Organ R2
C * ns ns 0.336 ns *** ns 0.863
N ns *** ns 0.657 ns *** ns 0.445
P ns *** ns 0.526 ns *** ns 0.747
C:N ns *** ns 0.712 ns *** ns 0.586
C:P ns *** ns 0.663 ns *** ns 0.826
N:P ns ns ns 0.211 ns *** ns 0.730

"

平均值 Mean (mg·g-1) 变异系数 Coefficient of variation (%)
C N P C:N C:P N:P C N P C:N C:P N:P
椆树桑寄生
Loranthus
delavayi
寄主枝 Host branch 449.90c 4.01c 1.55ab 113.55a 345.09ab 3.01b 0.78 11.95 35.38 11.39 55.68 50.37
吸器 Haustoria 474.80b 9.15b 1.18b 52.23b 410.69a 7.89a 2.04 8.22 13.11 9.31 14.80 14.89
寄生枝 Parasitic branch 486.10a 8.90b 1.03b 56.34b 503.09a 9.08a 2.14 20.55 25.82 17.28 26.25 25.43
寄生叶 Parasitic leaf 478.00ab 15.65a 2.90a 31.85c 220.41b 7.20ab 2.76 24.57 56.37 19.60 55.53 55.33
柳叶钝果寄生
Taxillus
delavayi
寄主枝 Host branch 460.28c 2.64c 0.32c 184.03a 1 618.57a 9.37ab 1.60 24.17 39.11 24.54 29.85 35.49
吸器 Haustoria 477.17a 7.67b 0.73b 63.47b 679.07b 10.74a 2.17 15.76 18.88 13.52 19.79 16.11
寄生枝 Parasitic branch 483.50a 7.65b 0.94b 64.18b 564.00b 8.77b 1.39 12.87 33.30 12.19 28.24 25.40
寄生叶 Parasitic leaf 431.61c 10.10a 3.16a 45.82c 158.13c 3.76c 2.98 27.51 37.24 26.87 44.33 58.43
总体
Total
寄主枝 Host branch 456.57b 3.13c 0.76c 158.86a 1 163.70a 7.10cbd 1.75 28.19 90.78 63.46 58.70 31.62
吸器 Haustoria 476.32a 8.20b 0.89b 59.46b 583.22b 9.72a 2.10 15.59 29.32 15.45 29.58 21.25
寄生枝 Parasitic branch 484.43a 8.10b 0.97b 61.38b 542.25b 8.88ab 1.68 17.91 30.38 15.00 27.77 24.99
寄生叶 Parasitic leaf 448.18bc 12.08a 3.06a 40.83c 180.37c 4.99d 5.79 34.24 43.48 30.48 52.63 66.97

Fig. 2

N-P scaling of host branches, haustorias, parasitic branches and parasitic leaves in two common hemiparasites in Ailao Mountain."

Table 3

Correlation relationship of C, N, P stoichiometry of the host branches, haustorias, parasitic branches and parasitic leaves in two common hemiparasites in Ailao Mountain"

组成 Composition 寄主枝 Host branch 吸器 Haustoria 寄生枝 Parasitic branch 寄生叶 Parasitic leaf
C和N C and N -0.496** 0.080 0.221 0.595**
C和P C and P -0.588** -0.243 -0.126 -0.259
C和N:P C and N:P 0.477* 0.462* 0.242 0.621**
N和P N and P 0.716** 0.662** 0.419* -0.257
N和C:P N and C:P -0.619** -0.666** -0.388* 0.285
P和C:N P and C:N -0.599** -0.722** -0.402* 0.196

Table 4

Correlation between host branches, haustorias, parasitic branches, and parasitic leaves of C, N, and P stoichiometry in two common hemiparasites in Ailao Mountain"

组成 Composition C N P C:N C:P N:P
寄主枝与吸器 Host branch and haustoria 0.163 0.508** 0.772** 0.589** 0. 784** 0.731**
寄主枝与寄生枝 Host branch and parasitic branch 0.142 0.502** 0.154 0.470* 0.178 -0.075
寄主枝与寄生叶 Parasitic branch and parasitic leaf -0.636** 0.409* 0.160 0.289 0.123 -0.134
吸器与寄生枝 Haustoria and parasitic branch 0. 460* 0.216 0.489** 0.184 0.452* 0.289
吸器与寄生叶 Haustoria and parasitic leaf -0.160 0.296 -0.048 0.186 -0.157 -0.133
寄生枝与寄生叶 Parasitic branch and parasitic leaf 0.033 0.674** 0.168 0.673** 0.134 0.371
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