Chin J Plant Ecol ›› 2020, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (5): 543-552.DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2020.0071

Special Issue: 全球变化与生态系统

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A review of influences of land use and land cover change on ecosystems

Edith BAI1,2,3,*(), XUE Bing3   

  1. 1Key Laboratory of Geographical Processes and Ecological Security in Changbai Mountains, Ministry of Education, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
    2School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China; and 3Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China
  • Received:2020-03-17 Accepted:2020-03-25 Online:2020-05-20 Published:2020-04-30
  • Contact: Edith BAI
  • Supported by:
    National Key R&D Program of China(2019YFA060061)


With the growth of human population and the development of human society, land use and land cover change (LUCC) is inevitable. LUCC not only has a far-reaching impact on the elements, structure and functions of ecosystems, but also has a feedback effect on global climate change. Scientific research has been carried out on the processes of land use change, the driving mechanisms, and the possible ecological and environmental effects in various aspects. This paper reviews the research progress on the impacts of land use change on climate, soil, biogeochemical cycle, biodiversity and regional ecological environment, and puts forward the prospects for the frontier research. With the continuous development of new technologies, scholars will focus more on the prediction of the future development, rationality and adaptability of LUCC in the context of future global change, providing basic information and theoretical basis for sustainable development.

Key words: land use change, land cover change, biogeophysics, biogeochemistry, eco-environmental effects, climate change