Chin J Plan Ecolo ›› 2016, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (6): 620-630.doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2015.0449

• Reviews • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Responses and regulation mechanisms of microbial decomposers to substrate carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus stoichiometry

Zheng-Hu ZHOU, Chuan-Kuan WANG*()   

  1. Center for Ecological Research, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
  • Received:2015-12-07 Accepted:2016-03-26 Online:2016-06-15 Published:2016-06-30
  • Contact: Chuan-Kuan WANG


The survival and growth strategies, community structure and functions of microbial decomposers vary with substrate stoichiometry, which profoundly influences substrate decomposition, turnover, and hence the carbon and nutrient cycles of terrestrial ecosystems. It is crucial to understand the relationships among microbial metabolism, community structure and ecosystem processes of terrestrial ecosystems and their responses and feedbacks to global changes. In this review, we first introduced the significance of microbial decomposers in the carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus cycles of terrestrial ecosystems from perspectives of ecological stoichiometry and metabolic theories. Then we synthesized four potential mechanisms of microbial response and control on substrate stoichiometric variations, i.e., through (1) modifying microbial stoichiometry, (2) shifting microbial community structure, (3) producing extracellular enzymes to acquire limiting resources, and (4) changing microbial carbon, nitrogen, and phosphor use efficiencies. Finally, we proposed three research directions in this field: (1) to comprehensively explore various microbial mechanisms in response to changes in substrate stoichiometry and the relative importance of these mechanisms; (2) to examine influences of global changes on microbial-driven cycles of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus; and (3) to explore spatiotemporal changes in the strategies of microbial adaptation to changes in the substrate stoichiometry.

Key words: ecological stoichiometry, soil microbes, enzymes, biogeochemical cycle, homeostasis, carbon use efficiency, nutrient use efficiency

Fig. 1

Mechanisms of microbial response and regulation on substrate stoichiometry. C:X, substrate carbon to nutrient (nitrogen and phosphor) ratios; BG, β-1,4-glucosidase; NAG, β-1,4-N-acetylglucosaminidase; AP, phosphatase, EEA, extracellular enzymatic activity; RAT, resource allocation theory; TER, threshold elemental ratio; GRH, growth rate hypothesis; CNR, consumer-driven nutrient recycling; OM, overflow metabolism; CUE, carbon use efficiency; NUE, nitrogen use efficiency; PUE, phosphor use efficiency; qMB, fraction of total substrate carbon in microbe; qCO2, microbial respiration rate per unit biomass carbon; Nmin, nitrogen mineralization; Pmin, phosphor mineralization. Size of the polygons in the dotted box indicates the strength of enzymatic activity; size of the ellipses indicates the amount of microbial biomass; and the width of the arrows indicates the magnitude of the carbon, nitrogen, and phosphor fluxes."

[1] Adamek M, Corre MD, Hölscher D (2009). Early effect of elevated nitrogen input on above-ground net primary production of a lower montane rain forest, Panama.Journal of Tropical Ecology, 25, 637-647.
[2] Allison SD, Vitousek PM (2005). Responses of extracellular enzymes to simple and complex nutrient inputs.Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 37, 937-944.
[3] Allison SD, Wallenstein MD, Bradford MA (2010). Soil-carbon response to warming dependent on microbial physiology.Nature Geoscience, 3, 336-340.
[4] Barberán A, McGuire KL, Wolf JA, Jones FA, Wright SJ, Turner BL, Fierer N (2015). Relating belowground microbial composition to the taxonomic phylogenetic and functional trait distributions of trees in a tropical forest.Ecology Letters, 18, 1397-1405.
[5] Bardgett RD, Freeman C, Ostle NJ (2008). Microbial contributions to climate change through carbon cycle feedbacks.The ISME Journal, 2, 805-814.
[6] Blagodatskaya E, Kuzyakov Y (2013). Active microorganisms in soil: Critical review of estimation criteria and approaches.Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 67,192-211.
[7] Bond-Lamberty B, Wang CK, Gower ST (2004). A global relationship between the heterotrophic and autotrophic components of soil respiration.Global Change Biology, 10, 1756-1766.
[8] Borer ET, Bracken MES, Seabloom EW, Smith JE, Cebrian J, Cleland EE, Elser JJ, Fagan WF, Gruner DS, Harpole WS, Hillebrand H, Kerkhoff AJ, Ngai JT (2013). Global biogeography of autotroph chemistry: Is insolation a driving force?Oikos, 122, 1121-1130.
[9] Brown JH, Gillooly JF, Allen AP, Savage VM, West GB (2004). Toward a metabolic theory of ecology.Ecology, 85, 1771-1789.
[10] Buchkowski RW, Schmitz OJ, Bradford MA (2015). Microbial stoichiometry overrides biomass as a regulator of soil carbon and nitrogen cycling.Ecology, 964, 1139-1149.
[11] Cebrian J, Lartigue J (2004). Patterns of herbivory and decomposition in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems.Ecological Monographs, 74, 237-259.
[12] Chapin CT, Bridgham SD, Pastor J, Updegraff K (2003). Nitrogen phosphorus and carbon mineralization in response to nutrient and lime additions in peatlands.Soil Science, 168, 409-420.
[13] Cleveland CC, Liptzin D (2007). C:N:P stoichiometry in soil: Is there a “Redfield ratio” for the microbial biomass?Biogeochemistry, 85, 235-252.
[14] del Giorgio PA, Cole JJ (1998). Bacterial growth efficiency in natural aquatic systems.Annual Review of Ecology & Systematics, 29, 503-541.
[15] Deng Q, Cheng XL, Yang YH, Zhang QF, Luo YQ (2014). Carbon-nitrogen interactions during afforestation in central China.Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 69, 119-122.
[16] Doi H, Cherif M, Iwabuchi T, Katano I, Stegen JC, Striebel M (2010). Integrating elements and energy through the metabolic dependencies of gross growth efficiency and the threshold elemental ratio. Oikos, 119, 752-765.
[17] Elser JJ (2006). Biological stoichiometry: A chemical bridge between ecosystem ecology and evolutionary biology.The American Naturalist, 168, S25-S35.
[18] Elser JJ, Acharya K, Kyle M, Cotner J, Makino W, Markow T, Watts T, Hobbie S, Fagan W, Schade J, Hood J, Sterner RW (2003). Growth rate-stoichiometry couplings in diverse biota.Ecology Letters, 6, 936-943.
[19] Fanin N, Fromin N, Buatois B, Hättenschwiler S (2013). An experimental test of the hypothesis of non-homeostatic consumer stoichiometry in a plant litter-microbe system.Ecology Letters, 16, 764-772.
[20] Fierer N, Bradford MA, Jackson RB (2007). Toward an ecological classification of soil bacteria.Ecology, 88, 1354-1364.
[21] Fisk M, Santangelo S, Minick K (2015). Carbon mineralization is promoted by phosphorus and reduced by nitrogen addition in the organic horizon of northern hardwood forests.Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 81, 212-218.
[22] Frost PC, Benstead JP, Cross WF, Hillebrand H, Larson JH, Xenopoulos MA, Yoshida T (2006). Threshold elemental ratios of carbon and phosphorus in aquatic consumers.Ecology Letters, 9, 774-779.
[23] Goberna M, Sánchez J, Pascual JA, García C (2006). Surface and subsurface organic carbon, microbial biomass and activity in a forest soil sequence.Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 38, 2233-2243.
[24] Han WX, Tang LY, Chen YH, Fang JY (2013). Relationship between the relative limitation and resorption efficiency of nitrogen vs phosphorus in woody plants.PLoS ONE, 8, e83366
[25] Harmon ME, Franklin JF, Swanson FJ, Sollins P, Gregory SV, Lattin JD, Anderson NH, Cline SP, Aumen NG, Sedell JR, Lienkaemper GW, Cromack KJ, Cummins KW (1986). Ecology of coarse woody debris in temperate ecosystems.Advances in Ecological Research, 15, 133-302.
[26] Hartman WH, Richardson CJ (2013). Differential nutrient limitation of soil microbial biomass and metabolic quotients (qCO2): Is there a biological stoichiometry of soil microbes.PloS ONE, 8, e57127.
[27] Hessen DO, Elser JJ, Sterner RW, Urabe J (2013). Ecological stoichiometry: An elementary approach using basic principles.Limnology & Oceanography, 58, 2219-2236.
[28] Högberg P, Nordgren A, Buchmann N, Taylor AF, Ekblad A, Högberg MN, Read DJ (2001). Large-scale forest girdling shows that current photosynthesis drives soil respiration.Nature, 411, 789-792.
[29] Ihsam H, Haselwandter K (1989). Metabolic quotient of the soil microflora in relation to plant succession.Oecologia, 79, 174-178.
[30] Ilg K, Wellbrock N, Lux W (2009). Phosphorus supply and cycling at long-term forest monitoring sites in Germany.European Journal of Forest Research, 128, 483-492.
[31] Jansson JK, Prosser JI (2013). Microbiology: The life beneath our feet.Nature, 494, 40-41.
[32] Jetten MS (2008). The microbial nitrogen cycle.Environmental Microbiology, 10, 2903-2909.
[33] Kaiser C, Franklin O, Dieckmann U, Richter A (2014). Microbial community dynamics alleviate stoichiometric constraints during litter decay.Ecology letters, 17, 680-690.
[34] Lee SH, Jang I, Chae N, Choi T, Kang H (2013). Organic layer serves as a hotspot of microbial activity and abundance in Arctic tundra soils.Microbial ecology, 65, 405-414.
[35] Leff JW, Jones SE, Prober SM, Barberán A, Borer ET, Firn JL, Fierer N (2015). Consistent responses of soil microbial communities to elevated nutrient inputs in grasslands across the globe.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112, 10967-10972.
[36] Li P, Han WX, Yang YH, Fang JY (2014). Global patterns of soil microbial nitrogen and phosphorus stoichiometry in forest ecosystems. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 23, 979-987.
[37] Li R, Chang RY (2015). Effects of external nitrogen additions on soil organic carbon dynamics and the mechanism.Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 39, 1012-1020. (in Chinese with English abstract)[李嵘, 常瑞英 (2015). 土壤有机碳对外源氮添加的响应及其机制. 植物生态学报, 39, 1012-1020.]
[38] Li Y, Wu JS, Liu SL, Shen JL, Huang DY, Su YR, Wei WW, Syers JK (2012). Is the C:N:P stoichiometry in soil and soil microbial biomass related to the landscape and land use in southern subtropical China? Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26, GB4002. doi: 10.1029/2012GB004399.
[39] Lovelock CE, Feller IC, Ball MC, Ellis J, Sorrell B (2007). Testing the growth rate vs. geochemical hypothesis for latitudinal variation in plant nutrients.Ecology Letters, 10, 1154-1163.
[40] Lu XQ, Toda H, Ding FJ, Fang SZ, Yang WX, Xu HG (2014). Effect of vegetation types on chemical and biological properties of soils of karst ecosystems.European Journal of Soil Biology, 61, 49-57.
[41] Makino W, Cotner JB, Sterner RW, Elser JJ (2003). Are bacteria more like plants or animals? Growth rate and resource dependence of bacterial C: N: P stoichiometry.Functional Ecology, 17, 121-130.
[42] Manzoni S, Taylor P, Richter A, Porporato A, Ågren GI (2012). Environmental and stoichiometric controls on microbial carbon-use efficiency in soils.New Phytologist, 196, 79-91.
[43] Manzoni S, Trofymow JA, Jackson RB, Porporato A (2010). Stoichiometric controls on carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus dynamics in decomposing litter.Ecological Monographs, 80, 89-106.
[44] Marklein AR, Houlton BZ (2012). Nitrogen inputs accelerate phosphorus cycling rates across a wide variety of terrestrial ecosystems.New Phytologist, 193, 696-704.
[45] Martin KJ, Picioreanu C, Nerenberg R (2015). Assessing microbial competition in a hydrogen-based membrane biofilm reactor (MBfR) using multidimensional modeling.Biotechnology & Bioengineering, 112, 1843-1853.
[46] Martinelli LA, Almeida S, Brown IF, Moreira MZ, Victoria RL, Filoso S, Ferreira CAC, Thomas WW (2000). Variation in nutrient distribution and potential nutrient losses by selective logging in a humid tropical forest of Rondonia, Brazil.Biotropica, 32, 597-613.
[47] McGroddy ME, Daufresne T, Hedin LO (2004). Scaling of C:N:P stoichiometry in forests worldwide: Implications of terrestrial redfield-type ratios.Ecology, 85, 2390-2401.
[48] Moore J, Macalady JL, Schulz MS, White AF, Brantley SL (2010). Shifting microbial community structure across a marine terrace grassland chronosequence, Santa Cruz, California.Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 42, 21-31.
[49] Moore JA, Jiang J, Patterson CM, Mayes MA, Wang G, Classen AT (2015). Interactions among roots mycorrhizas and free-living microbial communities differentially impact soil carbon processes.Journal of Ecology, 103, 1442-1453.
[50] Moorhead DL, Sinsabaugh RL (2006). A theoretical model of litter decay and microbial interaction.Ecological Monographs, 76, 151-174.
[51] Mooshammer M, Wanek W, Schnecker J, Wild B, Leitner S, Hofhansl F, Blöchl A, Hämmerle I, Frank AH, Keiblinger KM, Zechmeister-Boltenstern S, Richter A (2012). Stoichiometric controls of nitrogen and phosphorus cycling in decomposing beech leaf litter.Ecology, 93, 770-782.
[52] Mooshammer M, Wanek W, Zechmeister-Boltenstern S, Richter A (2014). Stoichiometric imbalances between terrestrial decomposer communities and their resources: Mechanisms and implications of microbial adaptations to their resources.Frontiers in Microbiology, 5, 22.
[53] Odum EP (1969). The strategy of ecosystem development.Science, 164, 262-270
[54] Prosser JI, Bohannan BJ, Curtis TP, Ellis RJ, Firestone MK, Freckleton RP, Young JPW (2007). The role of ecological theory in microbial ecology.Nature Reviews Microbiology, 5, 384-392.
[55] Raiesi F, Beheshti A (2015). Microbiological indicators of soil quality and degradation following conversion of native forests to continuous croplands.Ecological Indicators, 50, 173-185.
[56] Redfield A (1958). The biological control of chemical factors in the environment.American Scientist, 46, 205-221.
[57] Reed SC, Townsend AR, Davidson EA, Cleveland CC (2012). Stoichiometric patterns in foliar nutrient resorption across multiple scales. New Phytologist, 196, 173-180.
[58] Richardson AE, Simpson RJ (2011). Soil microorganisms mediating phosphorus availability update on microbial phosphorus.Plant Physiology, 156, 989-996.
[59] Rick WY, Thomas SM (2001). Microbial nitrogen cycles: Physiology genomics and applications.Current Opinion in Microbiology, 4, 307-312.
[60] Sardans J, Peñuelas J (2012). The role of plants in the effects of global change on nutrient availability and stoichiometry in the plant-soil system.Plant Physiology, 160, 1741-1761.
[61] Sardans J, Rivas-Ubach A, Peñuelas J (2012). The elemental stoichiometry of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems and its relationships with organismic lifestyle and ecosystem structure and function: A review and perspectives.Biogeochemistry, 111, 1-39.
[62] Saviozzi A, Levi-Minzi R, Cardelli R, Riffaldi R (2001). A comparison of soil quality in adjacent cultivated, forest and native grassland soils.Plant & Soil, 233, 251-259.
[63] Schimel JP, Weintraub MN (2003). The implications of exoenzyme activity on microbial carbon and nitrogen limitation in soil: A theoretical model.Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 35, 549-563.
[64] Schneider T, Keiblinger KM, Schmid E, Sterflinger-Gleixner K, Ellersdorfer G, Roschitzki B, Richter A, Eberl L, Zechmeister-Boltenstern S, Riedel K (2012). Who is who in litter decomposition? Metaproteomics reveals major microbial players and their biogeochemical functions.ISME Journal, 6, 1749-1762.
[65] Seeling B, Zasoski RJ (1993). Microbial effects in maintaining organic and inorganic solution phosphorus concentrations in a grassland topsoil.Plant & Soil, 148, 277-284.
[66] Sinsabaugh R, Follstad Shah JJ (2012). Ecoenzymatic sto- ichiometry and ecological theory.Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, & Systematics, 43, 313-343.
[67] Sinsabaugh RL, Follstad Shah JJ (2011). Ecoenzymatic stoichiometry of recalcitrant organic matter decomposition: The growth rate hypothesis in reverse.Biogeochemistry, 102, 31-43.
[68] Sinsabaugh RL, Hill BH, Follstad Shah JJ (2009). Ecoenzymatic stoichiometry of microbial organic nutrient acquisition in soil and sediment.Nature, 462, 795-798.
[69] Sinsabaugh RL, Lauber CL, Weintraub MN, Ahmed B, Allison SD, Crenshaw C, Contosta AR, Cusack D, Frey S, Gallo ME (2008). Stoichiometry of soil enzyme activity at global scale. Ecology Letters, 11, 1252-1264.
[70] Sinsabaugh RL, Manzoni S, Moorhead DL, Richter A (2013). Carbon use efficiency of microbial communities: Stoichio- metry, methodology and modelling.Ecology Letters, 16, 930-939.
[71] Spohn M (2015). Microbial respiration per unit microbial biomass depends on litter layer carbon-to-nitrogen ratio. Biogeosciences, 12, 817-823.
[72] Spohn M, Chodak M (2015). Microbial respiration per unit biomass increases with carbon-to-nutrient ratios in forest soils.Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 81, 128-133.
[73] Steinauer K, Tilman D, Wragg PD, Cesarz S, Cowles JM, Pritsch K, Reich PB, Weisser WW, Eisenhauer N (2015). Plant diversity effects on soil microbial functions and enzymes are stronger than warming in a grassland experiment.Ecology, 96, 99-112.
[74] Sterner RW, Elser JJ (2002). Ecological Stoichiometry: The Biology of Elements from Molecules to the Biosphere. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
[75] Strickland MS, Osburn E, Lauber C, Fierer N, Bradford MA (2009). Litter quality is in the eye of the beholder: Initial decomposition rates as a function of inoculum characteristics.Functional Ecology, 23, 627-636.
[76] Strickland MS, Rousk J (2010). Considering fungal: Bacterial dominance in soils-methods, controls, and ecosystem implications.Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 42, 1385-1395.
[77] Susyan EA, Wirth S, Ananyeva ND, Stolnikova EV (2011). Forest succession on abandoned arable soils in European Russia-Impacts on microbial biomass, fungal-bacterial ratio, and basal CO2 respiration activity.European Journal of Soil Biology, 47, 169-174.
[78] Tian HQ, Chen GS, Zhang C, Melillo JM, Hall CAS (2010). Pattern and variation of C:N:P ratios in China’s soils: A synthesis of observational data.Biogeochemistry, 98, 139-151.
[79] van der Heijden MG, Bardgett RD, van Straalen NM (2008). The unseen majority: Soil microbes as drivers of plant diversity and productivity in terrestrial ecosystems.Ecology letters, 11, 296-310.
[80] Vergutz L, Manzoni S, Porporato A, Novais RF, Jackson RB (2012). Global resorption efficiencies and concentrations of carbon and nutrients in leaves of terrestrial plants.Ecological Monographs, 82, 205-220.
[81] Vitousek PM, Howarth RW (1991). Nitrogen limitation on land and in the sea: How can it occur?Biogeochemistry, 13, 87-115.
[82] Vitousek PM, Porder S, Houlton BZ, Chadwick OA (2010). Terrestrial phosphorus limitation: Mechanisms implications and nitrogen-phosphorus interactions.Ecological Applications, 20, 5-15.
[83] Wang CK, Han Y, Chen JQ, Wang XC, Zhang QZ, Bond-Lamberty B (2013). Seasonality of soil CO2 efflux in a temperate forest: Biophysical effects of snowpack and spring freeze-thaw cycles.Agricultural & forest meteorology, 177, 83-92.
[84] Wang CK, Yang JY (2007). Rhizospheric and heterotrophic components of soil respiration in six Chinese temperate forests.Global Change Biology, 13, 123-131.
[85] Wang CK, Yang JY, Zhang QZ (2006). Soil respiration in six temperate forests in China.Global Change Biology, 12, 2103-2114.
[86] Wang CS, Wang SP (2015). A review of research on responses of leaf traits to climate change. ChineseJournal of Plant Ecology, 39, 206-216. (in Chinese with English abstract)[王常顺, 汪诗平 (2015). 植物叶片性状对气候变化的响应研究进展. 植物生态学报, 39, 206-216.]
[87] Wang XC, Wang CK (2015). Fundamental concepts and field measurement methods of carbon cycling in forest ecosystems: a review.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 35, 4241-4256. (in Chinese with English abstract)[王兴昌, 王传宽 (2015). 森林生态系统碳循环的基本概念和野外测定方法评述. 生态学报, 35, 4241-4256.]
[88] Wardle DA, Ghani A (1995). A critique of the microbial metabolic quotient (qCO2) as a bioindicator of disturbance and ecosystem development.Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 27, 1601-1610.
[89] Waring BG, Weintraub SR, Sinsabaugh RL (2014). Ecoenzymatic stoichiometry of microbial nutrient acquisition in tropical soils.Biogeochemistry, 117, 101-113.
[90] Weedon JT, Cornwell WK, Cornelissen JHC, Zanne AE, Wirth C, Coomes DA (2009). Global meta-analysis of wood decomposition rates: A role for trait variation among tree species?Ecology Letters, 12, 45-56.
[91] Xu XF, Schimel JP, Thornton PE, Song X, Yuan FM, Goswami S (2014). Substrate and environmental controls on microbial assimilation of soil organic carbon: A framework for Earth system models.Ecology Letters, 17, 547-555.
[92] Xu XF, Thornton PE, Post WM (2013). A global analysis of soil microbial biomass carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in terrestrial ecosystems.Global Ecology & Biogeography, 22, 737-749.
[93] Yang X, Huang Z, Zhang K, Cornelissen JH (2015). C:N:P stoichiometry of Artemisia species and close relatives across northern China: Unravelling effects of climate, soil and taxonomy.Journal of Ecology, 103, 1020-1031.
[94] Yang YH, Luo YQ (2011). Carbon:nitrogen stoichiometry in forest ecosystems during stand development.Global Ecology & Biogeography, 20, 354-361.
[95] Yang YH, Luo YQ, Finzi AC (2011). Carbon and nitrogen dynamics during forest stand development: A global synthesis.New Phytologist, 190, 977-989.
[96] Yuan ZY, Chen HY (2009). Global-scale patterns of nutrient resorption associated with latitude, temperature and precipitation. Global Ecology & Biogeography, 18, 11-18.
[97] Yuan ZY, Chen HY, Reich PB (2011). Global-scale latitudinal patterns of plant fine-root nitrogen and phosphorus.Nature Communications, 2, 344.
[98] Zechmeister-Boltenstern S, Keiblinger KM, Mooshammer M, Peñuelas J, Richter A, Sardans J, Wanek W (2015). The application of ecological stoichiometry to plant-microbial- soil organic matter transformations.Ecological Monographs, 85, 133-155.
[99] Zelezniak A, Andrejev S, Ponomarova O, Mende DR, Bork P, Patil KR (2015). Metabolic dependencies drive species co-occurrence in diverse microbial communities.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112, 6449-6454.
[100] Zhang QZ, Wang CK (2010). Carbon density and distribution of six Chinese temperate forests. Science China (Life Science), 53, 831-840.
[101] Zhou ZH, Wang CK (2015). Reviews and syntheses: Soil resources and climate jointly drive variations in microbial1)biomass carbon and nitrogen in China’s forest ecosystems.Biogeosciences, 12, 6751-6760.
[102] Zhou ZH, Wang CK, Zhang QZ (2015). The effect of land use change on soil carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus contents and their stoichiometry in temperate sapling stands in northeastern China.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 35, 6694-6702. (in Chinese with English abstract)[周正虎, 王传宽, 张全智 (2015). 土地利用变化对东北温带幼龄林土壤碳氮磷含量及其化学计量特征的影响. 生态学报, 35, 6694-6702.]
[1] Wei Fu Hui Wu Aihua Zhao Zhipeng Hao Bao-Dong CHEN. The ecological impacts of nitrogen deposition on terrestrial ecosystems: Research progresses and prospects [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2020, 44(全球变化与生态系统专辑): 0-0.
[2] Shitong Wang,Yaozhan Xu,Teng Yang,Xinzeng Wei,Mingxi Jiang. Impacts of microhabitats on leaf functional traits of the wild population of Sinojackia huangmeiensis [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2020, 28(3): 277-288.
[3] CHEN Chan,ZHANG Shi-Ji,LI Lei-Da,LIU Zhao-Dan,CHEN Jin-Lei,GU Xiang,WANG Liu-Fang,FANG Xi. Carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus stoichiometry in leaf, litter and soil at different vegetation restoration stages in the mid-subtropical region of China [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(8): 658-671.
[4] JIA Bing-Rui. Litter decomposition and its underlying mechanisms [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(8): 648-657.
[5] LIU Lu, GE Jie-Lin, SHU Hua-Wei, ZHAO Chang-Ming, XU Wen-Ting, SHEN Guo-Zhen, XIE Zong-Qiang. C, N and P stoichiometric ratios in mixed evergreen and deciduous broadleaved forests in Shennongjia, China [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(6): 482-489.
[6] Wang Hui,Li Jinjin,Xu Jinyu,Liu Peng,Zhang Haiyan. Advances in Studies on the COPT Proteins in Arabidopsis thaliana [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2019, 54(6): 786-796.
[7] WANG Pan, ZHU Wan-Wan, NIU Yu-Bin, FAN Jin, YU Hai-Long, LAI Jiang-Shan, HUANG Ju-Ying. Effects of nitrogen addition on plant community composition and microbial biomass ecological stoichiometry in a desert steppe in China [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(5): 427-436.
[8] YANG Wen-Gao, ZI Hong-Biao, CHEN Ke-Yu, ADE Lu-Ji, HU Lei, WANG Xin, WANG Gen-Xu, WANG Chang-Ting. Ecological stoichiometric characteristics of shrubs and soils in different forest types in Qinghai, China [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(4): 352-364.
[9] TANG Dan-Dan, WU Yi, LIU Wen-Yao, HU Tao, HUANG Jun-Biao, ZHANG Ting-Ting. Ecological stoichiometry of two common hemiparasite plants and their relationship with host trees in Ailao Mountain, Yunnan, China [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(3): 245-257.
[10] GAO Yu-Qiu, DAI Xiao-Qin, WANG Jian-Lei, FU Xiao-Li, KOU Liang, WANG Hui-Min. Characteristics of soil enzymes stoichiometry in rhizosphere of understory vegetation in subtropical forest plantations [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(3): 258-272.
[11] SHEN Fang-Fang, LI Yan-Yan, LIU Wen-Fei, DUAN Hong-Lang, FAN Hou-Bao, HU Liang, MENG Qing-Yin. Responses of nitrogen and phosphorus resorption from leaves and branches to long-term nitrogen deposition in a Chinese fir plantation [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(9): 926-937.
[12] ZOU Zan, CHEN Jin-Song, LI Yang, SONG Hui-Xing. Effects of transportation direction of photosynthate on soil microbial processes in the rhizosphere of Phyllostachys bissetii [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(8): 863-872.
[13] WANG Jun-Yu, WANG Xiao-Dong, MA Yuan-Dan, FU Lu-Cheng, ZHOU Huan-Huan, WANG Bin, ZHANG Ru-Min, GAO Yan. Physiological and ecological responses to drought and heat stresses in Osmanthus fragrans ‘Boyejingui’ [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(6): 681-691.
[14] Wang Tiantian, Hao Huaiqing, Feng Xue, Jing Haichun. Research Advances in the Function of the High-affinity K+ Transporter (HKT) Proteins and Plant Salt Tolerance [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2018, 53(5): 710-725.
[15] Yanmeng Bi, Zhenjun Sun. Mechanisms of earthworms to alleviate continuous cropping obstacles through regulating soil microecology [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(10): 1103-1115.
Full text



[1] . Studies on physiology of floral induction and zearalenone[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1995, 12(专辑3): 18 -29 .
[2] Wu Jian-feng. Lichen Ptant in Langskan Area Nantong[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1993, 10(01): 62 .
[3] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2000, 17(05): 478 .
[4] WANG Zheng-Feng ZHANG Jun-Li LI Ming-Guang WANG Bo-Sun HE Xing-Jin PENG Shao-Lin. Advances of Plant Molecular Ecology (Ⅰ)—— Genetic Structure and Hybridization[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2001, 18(06): 635 -642 .
[5] Zhao Yu-hua. Effect of the Plant Cold-resister on Overcoming Rice Seedling Decay in Low Temperature Stress in our County[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1994, 11(特辑): 97 -99 .
[6] Danlong Jing, Jiang Ma, Bo Zhang, Yiyang Han, Zhixiong Liu, Faju Chen. Expression Analysis of MwAG in Different Organs and Developmental Stages of Magnolia wufengensis[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2013, 48(2): 145 -150 .
[7] Li Xiang-gan. The Population Characteristics and determination of Biomass in the Quercus acutissima Forest Community on Mount Lao[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1987, 11(1): 21 -31 .
[10] ZHOU Yong, ZHENG Lu-Yu, ZHU Min-Jie, LI Xia, REN An-Zhi, and GAO Yu-Bao. Effects of fungal endophyte infection on soil properties and microbial communities in the host grass habitat[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2014, 38(1): 54 -61 .