Chin J Plan Ecolo ›› 2017, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 279-289.doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2016.0222

• Research Articles •     Next Articles

Responses of radial growth to temperature in Larix gmelinii of the Da Hinggan Ling under climate warming

Yong-Xing CHANG, Zhen-Ju CHEN*(), Xian-Liang ZHANG, Xue-Ping BAI, Xue-Peng ZHAO, Jun-Xia LI, Xu LU   

  1. Tree-ring Laboratory, College of Forestry, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang 110866, China and Research Station of Liaohe-River Plain Forest Ecosystem, Chinese Forest Ecosystem Research Network, Changtu, Liaoning 112500, China
  • Online:2017-04-12 Published:2017-03-10
  • Contact: Zhen-Ju CHEN E-mail:zhenjuchen@hotmail.com
  • About author:

    KANG Jing-yao(1991-), E-mail: kangjingyao_nj@163.com

Abstract:

Aims The Da Hinggan Ling is amongst the areas in China susceptible to climate warming. The objective of this study is to determine the responses of radial growth to temperature variations in Larix gmelinii growing in different parts of the Da Hinggan Ling in the process of climate warming, by using dendrochronological techniques. Methods We collected tree-ring samples from the southern, the middle and the northern parts of the main Da Hinggan Ling, developed site-specific ring-width chronologies, and synthesized tree-ring indices of the southern, the middle and the northern parts of the study area according to the first principal component loading factors for each chronology. The relationships between radial growth in L. gmelinii and temperature variations were determined with correlation analysis, and the differences in the responses of radial growth to temperature variations among various parts were analyzed and compared with principle component analysis. Important findings There were notable discrepancies in the effects of temperature variations on radial growth in L. gmelinii between the southern and the northern parts of the study area (the middle part > the northern part > the southern part). In the southern part, the mean monthly temperature between the previous November and April of the current year had a significant relationship with tree-ring indices (p < 0.05). In the middle part, the mean monthly temperature during March and October of the current year had a significant relationship with tree-ring indices (p < 0.05), and so did the mean monthly temperature during June and August of the previous year (p < 0.05). The mean monthly temperature during April and May of the current year had a highly significant relationship with tree-ring indices in the northern part (p < 0.01). This study suggests that the warmer and drier regional climate condition caused by elevated temperature has resulted in that soil moisture becomes the main factor limiting the radial growth, and the relationship between tree growth and temperature variations signified with aggravated soil drought under climate warming. The productivity in L. gmelinii as reflected by basal area increment experienced a shift response from cold stress to water stress. In addition, the radial growth in L. gmelinii in the Da Hinggan Ling will likely to show a declining trend in the southern and the middle parts, and an increasing trend in the northern part, in response to rapid warming in the coming decades.

Key words: climate warming, the Da Hinggan Ling, Larix gmelinii, tree-ring width, radial growth, temperature variation, sensitivity

Fig. 1

Locations of sampling sites and meteorological stations in the study area. AEL, sampling site of Arxan; MHL, sampling site of Mohe; THL, sampling site of Tahe; TLH, sampling site of Tulihe; YTL, sampling site of Yitulihe."

Fig. 2

Monthly mean temperature (curves) and monthly precipitation (bars) in the study area. M, middle section of the Da Hinggan Ling; N, northern section of the Da Hinggan Ling; S, southern section of the Da Hinggan Ling."

Table 1

Statistical characteristics in the Larix gmelinii chronologies"

采样点 Sampling site 阿尔山 Arxan 图里河 Tulihe 伊图里河 Yitulihe 塔河 Tahe 漠河 Mohe
年表代号 Codes of chronologies AEL TLH YTL THL MHL
样芯/树 Number of cores/sample trees 71/33 64/31 63/31 85/50 68/39
平均敏感度 Mean sensitivity 0.191 0.196 0.149 0.152 0.180
标准偏差 Standard deviation 0.226 0.230 0.163 0.195 0.206
样本总体代表性 Expressed population signal 0.957 0.976 0.928 0.964 0.974
信噪比 Signal to noise ratio 22.267 40.567 12.846 26.813 37.763
成分载荷矩阵 Component matrix PC1
PC2
0.431
0.694
0.890
0.304
0.820
0.219
0.722
-0.525
0.668
-0.555

Fig. 3

Changes in the regional mean temperature (Tr), Mr Ivanov dry wet index (K value), freezing index (F value), the basal area increment (BAI) and their 31-year moving trend coefficients. A, Regional mean temperature and its 11-year moving mean (11 Mov). B, K value of various parts. C, F value of various parts. D, The basal area increment in Larix gmelinii in various parts. E, F, G and H presented the tendency coefficient of Tr, K value, F value and BAI. M, middle section of the Da Hinggan Ling; N, northern section of the Da Hinggan Ling; S, southern section of the Da Hinggan Ling."

Fig. 4

Correlations between tree-ring width index in Larix gmelinii and temperature. A, Correlation coefficients between tree-ring width index and temperature in the southern section of the Da Hinggan Ling. B, Correlation coefficients between tree-ring width index and temperature in the middle section of the Da Hinggan Ling. C, Correlation coefficients between tree-ring width index and temperature in the northern section of the Da Hinggan Ling. P6, last June; P7, last July; P8, last August; P9, last September; P10, last October; P11, last November; P12, last December; BG, pre-growth season; CG, current growth season; PA, last autumn; PG, last growth season; PW, last winter. Tm, mean temperature on a monthly and seasonal basis; Tmax, mean maximum temperature on a monthly and seasonal basis; Tmin, mean minimum temperature on a monthly and seasonal basis."

Fig. 5

The climate response stabilities of tree-ring width index to temperature variations in Larix gmelinii. A, Temporal changes of 31-year moving response coefficient between tree-ring width index in L. gmelinii in the southern part of the Da Hinggan Ling and the regional mean temperature of November to April, together with the tendency coefficient of the regional mean temperature of November to April. B, Temporal changes of 31-year moving response coefficient between tree-ring width index in L. gmelinii in the middle part of the Da Hinggan Ling and the regional mean temperature of March to October, together with the tendency coefficient of the regional mean temperature of March to October. C, Temporal changes of 31-year moving response coefficient between tree-ring width index in L. gmelinii in the northern part of the Da Hinggan Ling and the regional mean temperature of April to May, together with the tendency coefficient of the regional mean temperature of April to May. Cylindrical bars represent the 31-year moving response coefficients, and the thick curves represented the thermal tendency coefficients."

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