Chin J Plant Ecol ›› 2023, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (预发表): 0-0.DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2022.0156

   

The asynchronous response of plant phenology to warming in a Kobresia pygmaea meadow in Naqu, Qingzang Plateau

Jing-Yu Xia1,2,Yang-Jian ZHANG3,Zhou-Tao ZHENG3,Zhao Guang4,Zhao Ran5,艺旋 朱1,洁 高1,Ruo-Nan SHEN6,文宇 李1,Jia-He ZHENG7,Zhang YuXue8,Jun-Tao ZHU3,Osbert Jianxin SUN3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research
    2. Beijing Forestry University
    3.
    4. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS
    5. Peking University
    6. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences
    7. Institute of Geography Sciences and Natural Resources Research , CAS
    8. Beijing Foresty University
  • Received:2022-04-21 Revised:2022-10-20 Online:2023-01-20 Published:2022-10-21
  • Contact: Jun-Tao ZHU

Abstract: Aims The response of plant phenology to climate warming is an important element of global change research. At present, studies on plant phenology response to climate warming are in severe shortage for high-altitude ecosystems, especially regarding responses to multiple-level warming. Methods We conducted a multiple-level warming experiment in an alpine meadow on the Xizang Plateau, and monitored plant phenology of two dominant species, including the timing of green up, budding and flowering in 2015, 2017, 2018 and 2021. Important findings The results showed that plant phenology of different species exhibited various trends under warming. For Kobresia pygmaea, delay in phenological development, including green up, budding and flowering, was positively correlated with temperature increases. However, the timing of phenological stages of Potentilla saundersiana showed advancing first, and then delay with increasing temperature. These results suggest that plant phenology of alpine meadow asynchronously responds to increased temperature. In addition, temperature increase exerts delayed effects on plant phenology over long-term. The SEM showed that temperature increase consistently delayed the green up of K. pygmaea, and low-level warming advanced phenological development of P. saundersiana, but this advancing trend reversed under high-level warming. Importantly, soil moisture plays a key role in determining the magnitude and direction of phenological response to climate warming in our study. Our findings indicate the asynchronous characteristics of plant phenology response to climate warming in alpine meadow ecosystems, and provide basis to predict responses of high-altitude ecosystems to climate change in the future.

Key words: lpine meadow, asynchronous response, multiple-level warming, plant phenology, temperature sensitivity