Research progress on responses of xylem of woody plants to frost-thaw embolism

Zhi-Min LI1,Chuan-Kuan WANG   

  • Received:2019-04-07 Revised:2019-09-04 Online:2019-09-30
  • Contact: Chuan-Kuan WANG

Abstract: Abstract The freeze-thaw induced embolism commonly occurs in the woody plant in mid- and high-latitude regions.The resistance capacity to freeze-thaw embolism of woody plants in cold environments is critical for their growth and successful survival through winter, which directly determines their distribution. During freeze-thaw cycles, the freeze-thaw embolism of vessels is induced by the bubbles that are from dissolved frozen water because of the low solubility of ice. The resistance capacity to freeze-thaw embolism varies with plants with different ana-tomical structures. Plants can also reduce potential damages of freeze-thaw embolism through adjusting the xy-lem positive pressure by refilling embolism and metabolism, and/or increasing the sap solute contents to avoid the stress. Compared to drought induced embolism, however, few studies have been conducted on freeze-thaw embolism, and the underlying mechanisms of plant responses and regulation are poorly understood. In this pa-per, we first reviewed the process of formation and repair of freeze-thaw embolism of xylem, including the strategies of escaping freezing, tolerance, and repairing freeze-thaw cavitation. Then we summarized physio-logical characteristics of plant resistance to low-temperature stress, influencing factors, and evaluating criteria, based on which we discussed the multiple trade-offs between low-temperature resistance, drought resistance, and hydraulic efficiency. Finally, we proposed five priorities in this field: (1) the threshold of freezing temper-ature for different plants; (2) the vulnerability segmentation of frost-induced embolism; (3) the relationships between freeze-thaw cavitation repair and metabolism exhaustion; (4) the potential trade-offs between low-temperature resistance, drought resistance and hydraulic efficiency; and (5) integration of the traits of freeze-thaw embolism resistance into the economic spectrum of plants.

Key words: Key words: frost-thaw embolism, embolism repair, hydraulic efficiency, trade-off, hydraulic characteristic

[1] TANG Yong-Kang, WU Yan-Tao, WU Kui, GUO Zhi-Wei, LIANG Cun-Zhu, WANG Min-Jie, CHANG Pei-Jing. Changes in trade-offs of grassland ecosystem services and functions under different grazing intensities [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(5): 408-417.
[2] Ling HAN, Cheng-Zhang ZHAO, Wei FENG, Ting XU, Hui-Ling ZHENG, Bei-Bei DUAN. Trade-off relationship between vein density and vein diameter of Achnatherum splendens in response to habitat changes in Zhangye wetland [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2017, 41(8): 872-881.
[3] Ying JIN, Chuan-Kuan WANG, Zheng-Hu ZHOU. Mechanisms of xylem embolism repair in woody plants: Research progress and questions [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2016, 40(8): 834-846.
[4] Ling HAN, Cheng-Zhang ZHAO, Ting XU, Wei FENG, Bei-Bei DUAN, Hui-Ling ZHENG. Trade-off between leaf size and vein density of Achnatherum splendens in Zhangye wetland [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2016, 40(8): 788-797.
[5] Ying JIN, Chuan-Kuan WANG. Leaf hydraulic traits and their trade-offs for nine Chinese temperate tree species with different wood properties [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2016, 40(7): 702-710.
[6] WANG Yi-Feng,JIN Jie,HOU Hong-Hong,ZHAO Bo,CAO Jia-Hao,LI Xiao-Jiao. Changes in flowering resource allocation of Saussurea dzeurensis with elevations [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2015, 39(9): 901-908.
[7] SONG Qing-Hua,ZHAO Cheng-Zhang,SHI Yuan-Chun,DU Jing,WANG Ji-Wei,CHEN Jing. Trade-off between root forks and link length of Melica przewalskyi on different aspects of slopes [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2015, 39(6): 577-585.
[8] REN Qing-Ji,LI Hong-Lin,BU Hai-Yan. Comparison of physiological and leaf morphological traits for photosynthesis of the 51 plant species in the Maqu alpine swamp meadow [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2015, 39(6): 593-603.
[9] CHEN Shi-Wei,LIU Min-Xia,JIA Yun,AN Qi,AN Yan-Fei. Community succession and photosynthetic physiological characteristics of pasture plants in a sub-alpine meadow in Gannan, China [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2015, 39(4): 343-351.
[10] SHI Qing-Ru, XU Ming-Shan, ZHAO Yan-Tao, ZHOU Liu-Li, ZHANG Qing-Qing, MA Wen-Ji, ZHAO Qi, and YAN En-Rong. Testing of corner’s rules across woody plants in Tiantong region, Zhejiang Province: effects of micro-topography [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2014, 38(7): 665-674.
[11] ZHANG Qian, ZHAO Cheng-Zhang, DONG Xiao-Gang, MA Xiao-Li, HOU Zhao-Jiang, and LI Yu. Trade-off between the biomass and number of flowers in Stellera chamaejasme along an elevation gradient in a degraded alpine grassland [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2014, 38(5): 452-459.
[12] WANG Yi-Feng and YUE Yong-Cheng. Effects of resource allocation and floral traits on the number and mass of Saussurea undulata seeds from different elevations in eastern Qinghai-Xizang Plateau [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2014, 38(4): 366-374.
[13] HOU Zhao-Jiang, ZHAO Cheng-Zhang, LI Yu, ZHANG Qian, and MA Xiao-Li. Trade-off between height and branch numbers in Stellera chamaejasme on slopes of different aspects in a degraded alpine grassland [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2014, 38(3): 281-288.
[14] CHEN Ying-Ting and XU Zhen-Zhu. Review on research of leaf economics spectrum [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2014, 38(10): 1135-1153.
[15] LI Hong-Lin, XU Dang-Hui, and DU Guo-Zhen. Effect of change of plant community composition along degradation gradients on water conditions in an alpine swamp wetland on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau of China [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2012, 36(5): 403-410.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] Mingkun Liu;Guanjun Liu;Xiufeng Yan. Co-expression of Polygonum sibiricum Glutathione Transferase and Cysteine Synthase Genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2008, 25(06): 687 -694 .
[2] Jiyan Qi Jianghua Yang Chaorong Tang. Sucrose Transporter Genes and Their Functions in Plants[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2007, 24(04): 532 -543 .
[3] CHEN Xiong-Wen ZHOU Guang-ShengWANG Feng-You. Simulation of Dry Matter Accumulation in Changbai Larch Seedlings Under Controlled Environment[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2000, 17(03): 246 -250 .
[4] Gu Jun. Contractile Protein in Higher Plants[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1986, 4(12): 10 -16 .
[5] Chen Qi-feng;Cheng Zhang and Wang Ji-ling. Effects of a-Picolinic Acid and The Crude Toxin Extracts From pyricularia oryzae on in Vitro Embryo Culture and Seedling Growth of Rice[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1993, 10(02): 39 -43 .
[6] LI Xiu-Ju and MENG Fan-Jing. Changes of Plant Hormones in Normal and Aborted Reproductive Organs of Soybean[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1999, 16(04): 464 -467 .
[7] CAI Neng YI Zi-Li LI Xiang. Advances in Improvement of Tissue Culture Conditions of Plants on Large Scale[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2003, 20(06): 745 -751 .
[8] TAN Yun YE Qing-Sheng LIU Wei. Tissue Culture of Dendrobidium huoshanness[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2005, 22(01): 58 -62 .
[9] XU Xiao-Biao ZHANG Qiu-Ming. Researches and Utilizations of Germplasm Resource of Kiwifruit in China[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2003, 20(06): 648 -655 .
[10] Kuang Ting-yun;Chen Wei-lie;He Guan-fu;Bai Ke-zhi;Ye He-chun and Hu Zhi-ang. The Action of Botany on the Development of National Economy[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1989, 6(02): 65 -68 .