Chin J Plan Ecolo ›› 2013, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (6): 558-565.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1258.2013.00057

• Techniques and Methods • Previous Articles     Next Articles

An introduction to an experimental design for studying effects of air temperature rise on model forest ecosystems

LIU Ju-Xiu, LI Yue-Lin, LIU Shi-Zhong, LI Yi-Yong, CHU Guo-Wei, MENG Ze, and ZHANG De-Qiang*   

  1. South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China
  • Received:2013-01-05 Revised:2013-05-22 Online:2013-06-05 Published:2013-06-01
  • Contact: ZHANG De-Qiang


Impact of rising air temperature on structure and functions of forest ecosystems is potentially a large issue. This paper introduces a large experiment being carried out at Dinghushan Forest Ecosystem Research Station in southern China. We focus on the impact of rising temperature on model forest ecosystems in southern China. The experimental design, its uniqueness and the research contents are illustrated to benefit the design of other related experiments.

[1]Beedlow PA, Tingey DT, Phillips DL, Hogsett WE, Olszyk DM (2004). Rising atmospheric CO2 and carbon sequestration in forests. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 2, 315–322. Crossref
[2] Beier C, Emmett B, Gundersen P, Tietema A, Peñuelas J, Estiarte M, Gordon C, Gorissen A, Llorens L, Roda F, Williams D (2004). Novel approaches to study climate change effects on terrestrial ecosystems in the field: drought and passive nighttime warming. Ecosystems, 7, 583–597. Crossref
[3] Bergh J, Linder S (1999). Effects of soil warming during spring on photosynthetic recovery in boreal Norway spruce stands. Global Change Biology, 5, 245–253. Crossref
[4] Bradford MA, Davies CA, Frey SD, Maddox TR, Melillo JM, Mohan JE, Reynolds JF, Treseder KK, Wallenstein MD (2008). Thermal adaptation of soil microbial respiration to elevated temperature. Ecology Letters, 11, 1316–1327. Crossref
[5] Cox PM, Betts RA, Jones CD, Spall SA, Totterdell IJ (2000). Acceleration of global warming due to carbon-cycle feedbacks in a coupled climate model. Nature, 408, 184–187. Crossref
[6] Dunne JA, Saleska SR, Fischer NL, Harte J (2004). Integrating experimental and gradient methods in ecological climate change research. Ecology, 85, 904–916. Crossref
[7] Fang JY, Chen AP, Peng CH, Zhao SQ, Ci LJ (2001). Changes in forest biomass carbon storage in China between 1949 and 1998. Science, 292, 2320–2322. Crossref
[8] Flanagan LB, Sharp EJ, Letts MG (2013). Response of plant biomass and soil respiration to experimental warming and precipitation manipulation in a Northern Great Plains grassland. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 173, 40–52. Crossref
[9] Fukami T, Wardle DA (2005). Long-term ecological dynamics: reciprocal insights from natural and anthropogenic gradients. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 272, 2105–2115. Crossref
[10] Gao Q, Zhang XS (1997). A simulation study of responses of the Northeast China Transect to elevated CO2 and climate change. Ecological Applications, 7, 470–483. Crossref
[11] Han XG, Li LH, Huang JH (1999). An Introduction to Biogeochemistry. Higher Education Press, Beijing. (in Chinese) [韩兴国, 李凌浩, 黄建辉 (1999). 生物地球化学概论. 高等教育出版社, 北京.] Crossref
[12] Hollister RD, Webber PJ (2000). Biotic validation of small open top chambers in a tundra ecosystem. Global Change Biology, 6, 835–842. Crossref
[13] Huntington TG (2006). Evidence for intensification of the global water cycle: review and synthesis. Journal of Hydrology, 319, 83–95. Crossref
[14] Hyvönen R, Ågren GI, Linder S, Persson T, Cotrufo MF, Ekblad A, Freeman M, Grelle A, Janssens IA, Jarvis PG, Kellomäki S, Lindroth A, Loustau D, Lundmark T, Norby RJ, Oren R, Pilegaard K, Ryan MG, Sigurdsson BD, Strömgren M, van Oijen M, Wallin G (2007). The likely impact of elevated CO2, nitrogen deposition, increased temperature and management on carbon sequestration in temperate and boreal forest ecosystems: a literature review. New Phytologist, 173, 463–480. Crossref
[15] IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) (2001). The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. Crossref
[16] IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) (2007). Climate Change: The Physical Science Basis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. Crossref
[17] Karhu K, Fritze H, Hämäläinen K, Vanhala P, Jungner H, Oinonen M, Sonninen E, Tuomi M, Spetz P, Kitunen V, Liski J (2010). Temperature sensitivity of soil carbon fractions in boreal forest soil. Ecology, 91, 370–376. Crossref
[18] Kimball BA (2005). Theory and performance of an infrared heater for ecosystem warming. Global Change Biology, 11, 2041–2056. Crossref
[19] Klein JA, Harte J, Zhao XQ (2005). Dynamic and complex microclimate responses to warming and grazing manipulations. Global Change Biology, 11, 1440–1451. Crossref
[20] Li MH, Tien W, Tung CP (2009). Assessing the impact of climate change on the land hydrology in Taiwan. Paddy and Water Environment, 7, 283–292. Crossref
[21] Liu Y, Han SJ (2009). Factors controlling soil respiration in four types of forest of Changbai Mountains, China. Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 18, 1061–1065. (in Chinese with English abstract) [刘颖, 韩士杰 (2009). 长白山四种森林土壤呼吸的影响因素, 生态环境学报, 18, 1061–1065.] Crossref
[22] Liu JX, Huang WJ, Zhou GY, Zhang DQ, Liu SZ, Li YY (2013). Nitrogen to phosphorus ratios of tree species in response to elevated carbon dioxide and nitrogen addition in subtropical forests. Global Change Biology, 19, 208–216. Crossref
[23] Liu JX, Zhang DQ, Zhou GY, Duan HL (2012). Changes in leaf nutrient traits and photosynthesis of four tree species: effects of elevated [CO2], N fertilization and canopy positions. Journal of Plant Ecology, 5, 376–390. Crossref
[24] Luo YQ (2007). Terrestrial carbon-cycle feedback to climate warming. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 38, 683–712. Crossref
[25] Melillo JM, Steudler PA, Aber JD, Newkirk K, Lux H, Bowles FP, Catricala C, Magill A, Ahrens T, Morrisseau S (2002). Soil warming and carbon-cycle feedbacks to the climate system. Science, 298, 2173–2176. Crossref
[26] Niu SL, Han XG, Ma KP, Wan SQ (2007). Field facilities in global warming and terrestrial ecosystem research. Journal of Plant Ecology (Chinese Version), 31, 262–271. (in Chinese with English abstract) [牛书丽, 韩兴国, 马克平, 万师强 (2007). 全球变暖与陆地生态系统研究中的野外增温装置. 植物生态学报, 31, 262–271.] Crossref
[27] Noormets A, Chen JQ, Bridgham SD, Weltzin JF, Pastor J, Dewey B, LeMoine J (2004). The effects of infrared loading and water table on soil energy fluxes in northern peatlands. Ecosystems, 7, 573–582. Crossref
[28] Peters RL, Lovejoy TE (1994). Global Warming and Biological Diversity. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA. Crossref
[29] Rustad LE, Campbell JL, Marion GM, Norby RJ, Mitchell MJ, Hartley AE, Cornelissen JHC, Gurevitch J (2001). A meta-analysis of the response of soil respiration, net nitrogen mineralization, and aboveground plant growth to experimental ecosystem warming. Oecologia, 126, 543–562. Crossref
[30] Wan SQ, Hui DF, Wallace L, Luo YQ (2005). Direct and indirect effects of experimental warming on ecosystem carbon processes in a tallgrass prairie. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19, GB2014, doi: 10.1029/2004GB002315. Crossref
[31] Wang X, Nakatsubo T, Nakane K (2012). Impacts of elevated CO2 and temperature on soil respiration in warm temperate evergreen Quercus glauca stands: an open-top chamber experiment. Ecological Research, 27, 595–602. Crossref
[32] Zhao M, Zhou GS (2005). Estimation of biomass and net primary productivity of major planted forests in China based on forest inventory data. Forest Ecology and Management, 207, 295–313. Crossref
[33] Zhou G, Wang Y, Wang S (2002). Responses of grassland ecosystems to precipitation and land use along the Northeast China Transect. Journal of Vegetation Science, 13, 361–368. Crossref
[34] Zhou GS, Wang YH, Xu ZZ, Zhou L, Jiang YL (2003). Advances of study on carbon cycles on the Northeast China transect (NECT). Progress in Natural Science, 13, 917–922. (in Chinese) [周广胜, 王玉辉, 许振柱, 周莉, 蒋延玲 (2003). 中国东北样带碳循环研究进展. 自然科学进展, 13, 917–922.] Crossref
[35] Zhu L, Zhang WC (2005). Responses of water resources to climatic changes in the upper stream of the Hanjiang River Basin based on rainfall-runoff simulations. Resources Science, 27(2), 16–22. (in Chinese with English abstract) [朱利, 张万昌 (2005). 基于径流模拟的汉江上游区水资源对气候变化响应的研究. 资源科学, 27(2), 16–22.] Crossref
No related articles found!
Full text



[1] Wenxia Wang;Shuguang Li;Xiaoming Zhao;Bingcheng Lin;Yuguang Du. Effects of Oligochitosan on Transcription of Genes Involved in Jasmonic Acid Biosynthesis in Tobacco Suspension Cells[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2008, 25(05): 526 -532 .
[2] Yuan Gao;Li Tian;Song Qin* . Positive Selection in Plant Evolution[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2008, 25(04): 401 -406 .
[3] Lei Zhang Baoshi Zhang. Mapping and Cloning of Quantitative Trait Genes in Plants[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2007, 24(04): 553 -560 .
[4] Cai Ji-jing. Scanning Electron Microscopy Method for the Direct Observation of Fresh Plant Specimen[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1983, 1(02): 55 -56 .
[5] LI AI-Fen;CHEN Min and ZHOU Bai-Cheng. Studies on Characterization of Fluorescence Emission Spectra of Brown Algae at 77K[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1999, 16(03): 274 -279 .
[6] Huan Feng, Shuli Yi, Jiaheng Xie, Mengqi Lei, Xuan Huang. Callus Induction and Plant Regeneration of Rosa hybrida[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2014, 49(5): 595 -602 .
[7] Meishan Zhang, Bao Liu. Epigenetic Regulation in Plant Endosperm Development[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2012, 47(2): 101 -110 .
[8] Zhangxiong Han, Li Li, Xinwen Xu, Xiangfang Lü, Hongxia Yue, Zhen Bian, Lizheng Li. Effect of NaCl on Physiological Features of 4 Legume Seedlings in Desert Areas of Xinjiang, China[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2012, 47(5): 491 -499 .
[9] Jin Guo, Xiaoyan Yang, Hongping Deng, Qin Huang, Yunting Li, Huayu Zhang. Sex Expression and Reproduction Allocation in Eurya loquaiana[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2017, 52(2): 202 -209 .
[10] Liao Lan-yu, Ding Ming-mao, Zhang Zhu-ping, Yi Wei-min, Guo Gui-zhong, Huang Zhong-liang. Root Biomass and its Nitrogen Dynamic of Some Communities in Dinghushan[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1993, 17(1): 56 -60 .