植物生态学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (10): 1127-1139.DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2020.0116

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

生态系统稳定性及其与生物多样性的关系

李周园1, 叶小洲2, 王少鹏1,*()   

  1. 1北京大学城市与环境学院生态研究中心, 地表过程分析与模拟教育部重点实验室, 北京 100871
    2北京大学生命科学学院, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-22 接受日期:2020-12-14 出版日期:2021-10-20 发布日期:2021-01-05
  • 通讯作者: 王少鹏
  • 作者简介:(shaopeng.wang@pku.edu.cn)
    ORCID:
    李周园: 0000-0003-2830-4076
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(31988102);国家重点研发计划(2017YFC0503906)

Ecosystem stability and its relationship with biodiversity

LI Zhou-Yuan1, YE Xiao-Zhou2, WANG Shao-Peng1,*()   

  1. 1Institute of Ecology, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences and Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2020-04-22 Accepted:2020-12-14 Online:2021-10-20 Published:2021-01-05
  • Contact: WANG Shao-Peng
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(31988102);National Key R&D Program of China(2017YFC0503906)

摘要:

在全球变化背景下, 生态系统能否长期有效地维持功能并提供服务, 有赖于其稳定性。生态系统稳定性及其与生物多样性的关系, 是生态学研究的核心问题, 生物多样性能否促进生态系统稳定性曾引起很多争论。该文在前期国内外综述和研究的基础上, 重点从以下三个方面对近期进展做了总结。第一, 介绍了近期理论研究在生态系统稳定性的内涵及不同稳定性指标间的内在关联方面取得的新认识。第二, 梳理了最近基于生物多样性实验开展的多项整合分析研究和理论探索, 以及在多维度框架下开展的多样性-稳定性关系研究。第三, 详细介绍了最近发展起来的多尺度稳定性理论框架, 对稳定性的尺度依赖、多样性-稳定性的多尺度关系等新议题做了探讨。最后, 提出了本领域有待进一步研究的关键问题和方向建议。

关键词: 稳定性, 生物多样性, 超产效应, 保险效应, 抵抗力, 恢复力, 变异性, 多尺度

Abstract:

The stability of ecosystems determines whether they can sustainably provide key functions and services in the background of global changes. Ecosystem stability, particularly its relation with biodiversity, is one of the central issues in ecology. Whether biodiversity enhances or impairs ecosystem stability has historically aroused much debate. Based on early reviews and studies on different aspects of stability, here we summarized recent advances from three aspects. Firstly, several recent theoretical studies offered novel insights in understanding the multi- dimensionality of stability and the intrinsic link between different stability measures, and we provided an overview on these new insights. Secondly, we reviewed recent empirical and theoretical studies on biodiversity- stability relationships, including those in the context of multidimensional stability. Thirdly, we introduced the recently developed multi-scale stability framework, which provides new opportunity to understand the scaling of stability and extend diversity-stability relations to a multi-scale context. We ended with a discussion on future research questions and directions.

Key words: stability, biodiversity, over-yielding effect, insurance effect, resistance, resilience, variability, multiscale