植物生态学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (6): 573-582.DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2021.0068

• 综述 •    下一篇

资源脉冲对外来植物入侵影响的研究进展和展望

秦文超1,2,3,4, 陶至彬3,5, 王永健6, 刘艳杰7, 黄伟3,5,*()   

  1. 1西藏大学青藏高原生态与环境研究中心, 拉萨 850000
    2西藏大学理学院, 拉萨 850000
    3中国科学院武汉植物园, 中国科学院水生植物与流域生态重点实验室, 武汉 430074
    4中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
    5中国科学院核心植物园, 保护生物学中心, 武汉 430074
    6华中农业大学园艺林学学院, 武汉 430070
    7中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所, 中国科学院湿地生态与环境重点实验室, 长春 130102
  • 收稿日期:2021-03-02 接受日期:2021-05-10 出版日期:2021-06-20 发布日期:2021-09-09
  • 通讯作者: ORCID: *黄伟: 0000-0003-3760-6084(huangwei0519@wbgcas.cn)
  • 作者简介:*(huangwei0519@wbgcas.cn)
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2017YFC1200100);国家自然科学基金(31822007);国家自然科学基金(2071660);湖北省自然科学基金(2020CFA064)

Research progress and prospect on the impacts of resource pulses on alien plant invasion

QIN Wen-Chao1,2,3,4, TAO Zhi-Bin3,5, WANG Yong-Jian6, LIU Yan-Jie7, HUANG Wei3,5,*()   

  1. 1Research Center for Ecology and Environment of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, Tibet University, Lhasa 850000, China
    2College of Science, Tibet University, Lhasa 850000, China
    3Key Laboratory of Aquatic Botany and Watershed Ecology, Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074, China
    4University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    5Center of Conservation Biology, Core Botanical Gardens, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074, China
    6College of Horticulture and Forestry Sciences, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
    7Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy Sciences, Changchun 130102, China
  • Received:2021-03-02 Accepted:2021-05-10 Online:2021-06-20 Published:2021-09-09
  • Contact: HUANG Wei
  • Supported by:
    National Key R&D Program of China(2017YFC1200100);National Natural Science Foundation of China(31822007);National Natural Science Foundation of China(2071660);Natural Science Foundation of Hubei(2020CFA064)

摘要:

全球变化背景下, 诸如营养、水分等资源的波动是非稳态的, 往往以脉冲的形式出现, 呈现出频率低、强度高和持续时间短的特征。资源脉冲往往会打破植物群落固有的平衡状态, 进而影响全球变化的另一重要组分——外来植物入侵。目前, 全球变化对外来植物入侵影响的研究往往关注资源的稳态变化, 忽略了资源的波动性, 特别是脉冲的作用。该文通过综述资源脉冲对外来植物入侵影响的研究, 简要评述了资源脉冲的形成原因、类型及影响, 讨论了不同类型的资源脉冲对外来植物入侵的作用。此外, 该文根据现有的研究进展提出了一些未来可能的研究方向, 如资源脉冲的不同属性, 多种资源脉冲交互作用对植物入侵的影响及其机制等。

关键词: 全球变化, 生物入侵, 入侵植物, 资源可用性, 资源波动性, 资源脉冲

Abstract:

Under global change, the variations of resources such as nutrients and water are not stabilized and often occur in the form of pulses with low frequency, large amplitude, and short duration. The existing evidence suggests that resource pulses have the potential to disrupt the inherent equilibrium of plant communities, and thereby play a critical role in another important component of global change, plant invasion. To date, studies on the impacts of global change on plant invasion have mainly focused on the constant changes of resources, but have ignored the resource fluctuation, in particular the role of resource pulses. Here, we present a literature review concerning the effects of resource pulses on plant invasion, including causes, types and impacts of resource pulses. Then we discuss the importance of resource pulses in plant invasion. Furthermore, our review puts forward some fields that are worthy to be paid more attention in the future, such as the importance of attributes and types of resource pulses, their interactive impacts on and potential mechanisms in plant invasion.

Key words: global change, biological invasion, invasive plant, resource availability, resource fluctuation, resource pulse