植物生态学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (生态系统结构与功能): 0-0.DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2020.0154

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生物多样性与生态系统多功能性和多服务性的关系: 回顾与展望

井新1,贺金生2   

  1. 1. 鲁汶大学
    2. 北京大学城市与环境学院生态学系, 兰州大学草地农业生态系统国家重点实验室
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-18 修回日期:2020-10-13 出版日期:2021-06-20 发布日期:2020-10-16
  • 通讯作者: 井新
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金;科技部重大研发计划

The relationship between biodiversity, ecosystem multifunctionality and multiserviceability: literature overview and research advances

JING Xin1,Jin-Sheng HE2   

  1. 1. KU Leuven
    2. Beijing University
  • Received:2020-05-18 Revised:2020-10-13 Online:2021-06-20 Published:2020-10-16

摘要: 近十年来, 生物多样性与生态系统多功能性关系(BEMF)研究是生物多样性与生态系统功能研究领域新兴的热点方向。生态系统多功能性是指生态系统同时提供多重生态系统功能的能力, 受到群落和生态系统生态学研究者的广泛关注。该文简要回顾了生物多样性与生态系统多功能性关系研究历史, 侧重介绍了生态系统多功能性量化方法发展历程, 并总结了生物多样性与生态系统多功能性研究的主要趋势, 包括生物多样性维度、时空尺度和全球变化驱动因子等对生态系统多功能性的影响。同时, 回顾了近五年生物多样性与生态系统多功能性关系研究的新方法、新方向; 根据生态系统服务和生态系统功能的区别, 提出了生态系统多服务性概念(Ecosystem multiserviceability, EMS)。最后简要介绍了生物多样性与生态系统多功能性、生物多样性与生态系统多服务性(BEMS)研究存在的不足及对未来的展望。

关键词: 生物多样性, 生态系统功能, 生态系统服务, 全球变化, 研究进展

Abstract: Over the past decade, biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality (BEMF) has aroused as an emerging reserach hotspot in biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Ecosystem multifunctionality is defined as the capacity of an ecosystem to provide multiple ecosystem functions simulateneously, it has received broad consideration by community and ecosystem ecology researchers. In this study, we first conducted a literature review of the research history in biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality. Next, we summarized the major trends in biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality research including the impacts of biodiversity dimensions, global change drivers and spatial and temporal scales on ecosystem multifunctionality. We reviewed the new research methods and research directions emerged in the field. We also defined a new concept, i.e., ecosystem multiserviceability (EMS) based on the differs between ecosystem functions and ecosystem services. Finally, we summarized the limitations in current biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality/multiserviceability (BEMF/BEMS) research and presented the potential opportunities for future study.

Key words: biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, ecosystem services, global change, reseach advances