植物生态学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (10): 1094-1111.DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2020.0154

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生物多样性与生态系统多功能性和多服务性的关系: 回顾与展望

井新1,*(), 贺金生2,3   

  1. 1Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200E, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
    2北京大学城市与环境学院生态研究中心, 北京 100871
    3兰州大学草地农业生态系统国家重点实验室, 兰州大学草地农业科技学院, 兰州 730020
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-18 接受日期:2020-10-14 出版日期:2021-10-20 发布日期:2020-10-16
  • 通讯作者: 井新
  • 作者简介: E-mail: jingxin0123@gmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(31630009);国家重点研发计划(2019YFC0507700)

Relationship between biodiversity, ecosystem multifunctionality and multiserviceability: literature overview and research advances

JING Xin1,*(), HE Jin-Sheng2,3   

  1. 1Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200E, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
    2Institute of Ecology, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    3State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-ecosystems, College of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730020, China
  • Received:2020-05-18 Accepted:2020-10-14 Online:2021-10-20 Published:2020-10-16
  • Contact: JING Xin
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(31630009);National Key R&D Program of China(2019YFC0507700)

摘要:

近10年来, 生物多样性与生态系统多功能性(BEMF)的关系是生物多样性与生态系统功能领域新兴的热点研究方向。生态系统多功能性是指生态系统同时提供多重生态系统功能的能力, 受到群落和生态系统生态学研究者的广泛关注。该文简要回顾了生物多样性与生态系统多功能性关系研究历史, 侧重介绍了生态系统多功能性量化方法发展历程, 并总结了生物多样性与生态系统多功能性研究的主要趋势, 包括生物多样性维度、时空尺度和全球变化驱动因子等对生态系统多功能性的影响。同时, 回顾了近5年生物多样性与生态系统多功能性关系研究的新方法、新方向; 根据生态系统服务和生态系统功能的区别, 提出了生态系统多服务性(ecosystem multiserviceability, EMS)概念。最后简要介绍了生物多样性与生态系统多功能性、生物多样性与生态系统多服务性(BEMS)研究存在的不足及对未来的展望。

关键词: 生物多样性, 生态系统功能, 生态系统服务, 全球变化, 研究进展

Abstract:

Over the recent decade, biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality (BEMF) has aroused as an emerging reserach hotspot in the filed of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Ecosystem multifunctionality is defined as the capacity of an ecosystem to provide multiple ecosystem functions simulateneously, it has received broad consideration by community and ecosystem ecologists. In this study, we first conducted a literature review of the research history in biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality. Next, we summarized the major trends in biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality research including the impacts of biodiversity dimensions, global change drivers and spatial-temporal scales on ecosystem multifunctionality. We reviewed the new research methods and research directions emerged in the field. We also defined a new concept, i.e., ecosystem multiserviceability (EMS) based on the distinction between ecosystem functions and ecosystem services. Finally, we briefly summarized the limitations in current research of biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality/multiserviceability (BEMF/BEMS) and presented the outlook for future study.

Key words: biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, ecosystem services, global change, reseach advances