Chin J Plan Ecolo ›› 2016, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (3): 246-254.doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2015.0377

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of light heterogeneity on leaf anatomical structure in Buchloe dactyloides

Chen-Song HAO, Qing-Kai WANG, Xiao-Ling SUN()   

  1. College of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Tianjin Agricultural University, Tianjin 300384, China
  • Received:2015-10-20 Revised:2016-02-19 Online:2016-03-25 Published:2016-04-11

Abstract: Aims

Essential resources for plant growth are usually patchily distributed. During the process of propagation, interconnected ramet pairs of stoloniferous plant buffalograss (Buchloe dactyloides) may therefore experience contrasting resource supply such as light. Under heterogeneous light supply, anatomical structure of newly developed leaves is regulated by the light condition of mature leaves. However, little is known about whether leaf anatomical structure of clonal ramets is affected by the light environment of interconnected ramets in clonal plants under heterogeneous light supply.

Methods

Two light levels were set, with high light (natural sunlight) and low light (shade, 10% natural sunlight). Interconnected ramet pairs of buffalograss were exposed to homogeneous or heterogeneous light conditions.

Important findings Main vein diameter, bundle sheath cell number, leaf thickness and adaxial/abaxial mesophyll thickness of shaded ramets were remarkably decreased in spatially heterogeneous light environment; while no signifiacnt difference of these parameters was observed between ramets developed under homogeneous high light and low light conditions. Under heterogeneous light supply, adaxial/abaxial mesophyll thickness and abaxial stomatal size in unshaded elder daughter ramets (EDR) were remarkably increased, while adaxial/abaxial mesophyll thickness, stomatal density and size, leaf thickness, and bundle sheath cell number in unshaded younger daughter ramets (YDR) were reduced. Ramets under homogeneous high light conditions had higher stomatal density and larger stomata than those under homogeneous low light conditions. Adaxial/abaxial mesophyll thickness, stomatal density and size in buffalograss ramets were significantly affected by the light conditions of interconnected ramets.

Conclusions

Unshaded EDR benefit from their connection to shaded YDR, while unshaded YDR experience marked cost due to its connection to shaded EDR. The plastic decrease of shaded ramets under heterogeneous light may be associated with its reduced survival cost, and elevated survival rate under shading.

Key words: buffalograss, light heterogeneity, anatomical structure, stomatal density

Fig. 1

Diagrammatic presentation of a Buchloe dactyloides stolon segment consisting of mother ramet, elder daughter ramet and younger daughter ramet at the start of this experiment."

Table 1

The pattern of light treatments to elder daughter ramets (EDR) and younger daughter ramets (YDR)"

试验处理 Treatment 姊株 EDR 妹株 YDR
HH 高光 High light 高光 High light
HL 高光 High light 低光 Low light
LH 低光 Low light 高光 High light
LL 低光 Low light 低光 Low light

Fig. 2

Illustration of an image used to measure the adaxial (lower) and abaxial (upper) mesophyll tissues of Buchloe dactyloides in a cross-section light micrograph. The adaxial and abaxial mesophyll thickness were measured separately relative to the middle of the bundle sheath as shown by the dashed line, which generally represented the middle of the leaf (Jiang et al., 2011). a, mesophyll cells; b, bundle sheath cells; c, sclerenchyma; d, epidermal cell; e, xylem; f, phloem; g, motor cell."

Fig. 3

Main vein diameter (MVD) (A), bundle sheath cell number (BSCN) (B), and total contact length between bundle sheath and mesophyll cells (CLBM) (C) of Buchloe dactyloides elder daughter ramets (EDR) and younger daughter ramets (YDR) under homogeneous and heterogeneous light treatments (means ± SE, n = 7). Different letters indicate significant difference among treatments (p < 0.05). For HH, HL, LH and LL, see Table 1."

Fig 4

Leaf thickness (LT) (A), adaxial mesophyll thickness (AdMT) (B), and abaxial mesophyll thickness (AbMT) (C) of Buchloe dactyloides elder daughter ramets (EDR) and younger daughter ramets (YDR) under homogeneous and heterogeneous light treatments (means ± SE, n = 7). Different letters indicate significant difference among treatments (p < 0.05). For HH, HL, LH and LL, see Table 1."

Table 2

F-values of three-way ANOVA for the effects of age (A), local condition (Lc), remote condition (Rc), and their interactions on leaf anatomical traits of Buchloe dactyloides"

处理
Treatment
自由度
Degree
of
freedom
主脉直径
MVD
维管束鞘细胞个数
BSCN
维管束鞘细胞与叶肉接触面的长度
CLBM
叶片
厚度
LT
近轴侧叶肉细胞厚度
AdMT
远轴侧叶肉细胞厚度
AbMT
近轴侧
气孔密度
AdSD
远轴侧
气孔密度
AbSD
近轴侧
气孔大小
AdSZ
远轴侧
气孔大小
AbSZ
年龄 A 1, 48 0.754 0.388 0.017 1.168 4.19* 4.28* 0.368 0.116 33.925*** 22.998***
分株自身所处光照 Lc 1, 48 10.667** 0.028 1.864 4.027 0.910 3.740 23.540*** 31.030*** 55.845*** 85.684***
相连分株所处光照 Rc 1, 48 3.265 0.447 0.209 0.559 8.380** 17.550*** 29.793*** 35.030*** 130.628*** 98.520***
A × Lc 1, 48 0.018 2.495 0.988 0.008 0.110 1.630 0.828 0.485 37.874*** 102.998***
Lc × Rc 1, 48 11.227** 28.096*** 6.339* 10.221** 16.570*** 20.700*** 4.506* 1.486 2.041 0.112
A × Rc 1, 48 0.883 4.457* 0.001 1.380 12.780*** 3.730 0.092 0.059 21.304*** 81.604***
A × Lc × Rc 1, 48 0.285 2.592 1.299 0.079 1.390 3.490 0.368 0.021 0.592 66.281***

Fig. 5

Adaxial stomatal density (AdSD) (A), abaxial stomatal density (AbSD) (B), adaxial stomatal size (AdSZ) (C) and abaxial stomatal size (AbSZ) (D) of Buchloe dactyloides elder daughter ramets (EDR) and younger daughter ramets (YDR) under homogeneous and heterogeneous light treatments (means ± SE, n = 7). Different letters indicate significant difference among treatments (p < 0.05). For HH, HL, LH and LL, see Table 1."

[1] Abrams MD, Kubiske ME (1990). Leaf structural characteristics of 31 hardwood and conifer tree species in central Wisconsin: Influence of light regime and shade-tolerance rank.Forest Ecology and Management, 31, 245-253.
[2] Alpert P (1999). Clonal integration in Fragaria chiloensis differs between populations: Ramets from grassland are selfish.Oecologia, 120, 69-76.
[3] Alpert P, Holzapfel C, Benson JM (2002). Hormonal modification of resource sharing in the clonal plant Fragaria chiloensis.Functional Ecology, 16, 191-197.
[4] Alpert P, Simms EL (2002). The relative advantages of plasticity and fixity in different environments: When is it good for a plant to adjust?Evolutionary Ecology, 16, 285-297.
[5] Driscoll SP, Prins A, Olmos E, Kunert KJ, Foyer CH (2006). Specification of adaxial and abaxial stomata, epidermal structure and photosynthesis to CO2 enrichment in maize leaves. Journal of Experimental Botany, 57, 381-390.
[6] Gong Y, Chen HM, Jiang CD, Shi L (2014). Quantification of leaf anatomical structure and its application in a C4 plant, sorghum.Chinese Bulletin of Botany, 49, 173-182. (in Chinese with English abstract)[巩玥, 陈海苗, 姜闯道, 石雷 (2014). 植物叶片解剖结构的量化及其在C4植物高粱中的应用. 植物学报, 49, 173-182.]
[7] Guo W, Song YB, Yu FH (2011). Heterogeneous light supply affects growth and biomass allocation of the understory fern Diplopterygium glaucum at high patch contrast.PLoS ONE, 6, e27998.
[8] Karpinski S, Reynolds H, Karpinska B, Wingsle G, Creissen G, Mullineaux P (1999). Systemic signaling and acclimation in response to excess excitation energy inArabidopsis. Science, 284, 654-657.
[9] James SA, Bell DT (2000). Influence of light availability on leaf structure and growth of two Eucalyptus globulus ssp. globulus provenances.Tree Physiology, 20, 1007-1018.
[10] Jiang CD, Wang X, Gao HY, Shi L, Chow WS (2011). Systemic regulation of leaf anatomical structure, photosynthetic performance, and high-light tolerance in sorghum.Plant Physiology, 155, 1416-1424.
[11] Lake JA, Quick WP, Beerling DJ, Woodward FI (2001). Plant development: Signals from mature to new leaves.Nature, 411, 154-154.
[12] Li Q, Liu X, Yue M, Zhang XF, Zhang RC (2011). Effects of physiological integration on photosynthetic efficiency of Trifolium repens in response to heterogeneous UV-B radiation.Photosynthetica, 49, 539-545.
[13] Long SP, Farage PK, Bolhár-Nordenkampf HR, Rohrhofer U (1989). Separating the contribution of the upper and lower mesophyll to photosynthesis in Zea mays L. leaves.Planta, 177, 207-216.
[14] Magyar G, Kun A, Oborny B, Stuefer JF (2007). Importance of plasticity and decision-making strategies for plant resource acquisition in spatio-temporally variable environments.New Phytologist, 174, 182-193.
[15] Murchie EH, Horton P (1997). Acclimation of photosynthesis to irradiance and spectral quality in British plant species: Chlorophyll content, photosynthetic capacity and habitat preference.Plant, Cell & Environment, 20, 438-448.
[16] Oguchi R, Hikosaka K, Hirose T (2003). Does the photosynthetic light-acclimation need change in leaf anatomy?Plant, Cell & Environment, 26, 505-512.
[17] Oguchi R, Hikosaka K, Hiura T, Hirose T (2008). Costs and benefits of photosynthetic light acclimation by tree seedlings in response to gap formation.Oecologia, 155, 665-675.
[18] Qian Y, Li D, Han L, Sun Z (2010). Inter-ramet photosynthate translocation in buffalograss under differential water defi- cit stress.Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 135, 310-316.
[19] Soares-Cordeiro AS, Driscoll SP, Pellny TK, Olmos E, ArrabaÇA MC, Foyer CH (2009). Variations in the dorso- ventral organization of leaf structure and Kranz anatomy coordinate the control of photosynthesis and associated signalling at the whole leaf level in monocotyledonous species.Plant, Cell & Environment, 32, 1833-1844.
[20] Stuefer JF, During HJ, de Kroon H (1994). High benefits of clonal integration in two stoloniferous species, in response to heterogeneous light environments.Journal of Ecology, 82, 511-518.
[21] Tao YS, Hong SC, Liao YM, Li YX, Liao XL, Quan QM (2013). Cost-benefits of the clonal integration of Cynodon dactylon, a stolon herbaceous plant, under heterogeneous lighting condition.Acta Ecologica Sinica, 33, 6509-6516. (in Chinese with English abstract)[陶应时, 洪胜春, 廖咏梅, 黎云祥, 廖兴利, 权秋梅 (2013). 异质性光照下匍匐茎草本狗牙根克隆整合的耗益. 生态学报, 33, 6509-6516.]
[22] Thomas PW, Woodward FI, Quick WP (2004). Systemic irradiance signalling in tobacco.New phytologist, 161, 193-198.
[23] van Kleunen M, Fischer M (2007). Progress in the detection of costs of phenotypic plasticity in plants.New Phytologist, 176, 727-730.
[24] Wang N, Yu FH, Li PX, He WM, Liu FH, Liu JM, Dong M (2008). Clonal integration affects growth, photosynthetic efficiency and biomass allocation, but not the competitive ability, of the alien invasive Alternanthera philoxeroides under severe stress.Annals of Botany, 101, 671-678.
[25] Wang XL, Li ZQ, Jiang CD, Shi L, Xing Q, Liu LA (2012). Effects of diffuse and direct light on photosynthetic function in sorghum leaf.Acta Agronomica Sinica, 38, 1452-1459. (in Chinese with English abstract)[王晓琳, 李志强, 姜闯道, 石雷, 邢全, 刘立安 (2012). 散射光和直射光对高粱叶片光合功能的影响. 作物学报, 38, 1452-1459.]
[26] Wei HJ, Yang HM, Zhao L (2007). The effects of shadowing on stomatal and photosynthetic characteristics of Trifolium repens.Pratacultural Science, 24(10), 94-97. (in Chinese with English abstract)[韦海建, 杨惠敏, 赵亮 (2007). 遮荫环境对白三叶草气孔和光合特性的影响. 草业科学, 24(10), 94-97.]
[27] Weijschedé J, Martínková J, de Kroon H, Huber H (2006). Shade avoidance in Trifolium repens: Costs and benefits of plasticity in petiole length and leaf size.New Phytologist, 172, 655-666.
[28] Xu Z, Zhou G (2008). Responses of leaf stomatal density to water status and its relationship with photosynthesis in a grass.Journal of Experimental Botany, 59, 3317-3325.
[29] Yu FH, Dong M (2003). Effect of light intensity and nutrient availability on clonal growth and clonal morphology of the stoloniferous herbHalerpestes ruthenica. Acta Botanica Sinica, 45, 408-416.
[30] Yu FH, Dong M, Krüsi B (2004). Clonal integration helps Psammochloa villosa survive sand burial in an inland dune.New Phytologist, 162, 697-704.
[1] Ji-Mei HAN, Wang-Feng ZHANG, Dong-Liang XIONG, Jaume FLEXAS, Ya-Li ZHANG. Mesophyll conductance and its limiting factors in plant leaves [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2017, 41(8): 914-924.
[2] Bei-Bei DUAN, Cheng-Zhang ZHAO, Ting XU, Hui-Ling ZHENG, Wei FENG, Ling HAN. Correlation analysis between vein density and stomatal traits of Robinia pseudoacacia in different aspects of Beishan Mountain in Lanzhou [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2016, 40(12): 1289-1297.
[3] WANG Na,ZHANG Yun,QIAN Wen-Li,WANG Zheng-Quan,GU Jia-Cun. Effects of elevated CO2 concentration on root and needle anatomy and physiological functions in Pinus koraiensis seedlings [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2016, 40(1): 60-68.
[4] JIN Ying,WANG Chuan-Kuan. Trade-offs between plant leaf hydraulic and economic traits [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2015, 39(10): 1021-1032.
[5] Liqing Song, Chunmei Hu, Xilin Hou, Lei Shi, Li’an Liu, Jingcheng Yang, Chuangdao Jiang. Relationship Between Photosynthetic Characteristics and Leaf Vein Density in Sorghum bicolor and Perilla frutescens [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2015, 50(1): 100-106.
[6] XIONG Hui, MA Cheng-En, LI Le, ZENG Hui, and GUO Da-Li. Stomatal characteristics of ferns and angiosperms and their responses to changing light intensity at different habitats [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2014, 38(8): 868-877.
[7] QIU Quan, PAN Xin, LI Ji-Yue, WANG Jun-Hui, MA Jian-Wei, and DU Kun. Morphological traits and physiological characteristics in drought tolerance in 20 shrub species on the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2014, 38(6): 562-575.
[8] QIN Feng-Fei, LI Qiang, CUI Zhao-Ming, LI Hong-Ping, and YANG Zhi-Ran. Leaf anatomical structures and ecological adaptabilities to light of three alfalfa cultivars with different fall dormancies under shading during overwintering [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2012, 36(4): 333-345.
[9] LIU Ying, GU Jia-Cun, WEI Xing, XU Yang, WANG Zheng-Quan. Variations of morphology, anatomical structure and nitrogen content among first-order roots in different positions along branch orders in tree species [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2010, 34(11): 1336-1343.
[10] Bo Huang, Zhaoyu Jiang, Hongxia Qu, Sanmei Ma. The Epidermal Morphology of the Flower of Erythrina corallodendron [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2010, 45(05): 594-603.
[11] Yinling Luo;Panyu Ren;Qingjun Li*. Structural Fundamentals of Style Curvature in Flexistylous Alpinia mutica [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2009, 44(02): 191-196.
[12] WEI Xing, LIU Ying, CHEN Hai-Bo. ANATOMICAL AND FUNCTIONAL HETEROGENEITY AMONG DIFFERENT ROOT ORDERS OF PHELLODENDRON AMURENSE [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2008, 32(6): 1238-1247.
[13] . Responses of the Morphological and Anatomical Structure of the Plant Leaf to Environmental Change [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2005, 22(增刊): 118-127.
[14] YANG Feng-Jian ZHANG Zhong-Hua WANG Wen-Jie CHEN Hua-Feng ZHANG Yu-Liang ZU Yuan-Gang. The Effect of Water Stress on the Growth Yield of Invasion Plants of Mikania micrantha Seedlings [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2005, 22(06): 673-679.
[15] ZHENG Feng-Ying, PENG Shao-Lin, ZHAO Ping. Changes in Stomatal Density and Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency of Two Trema Species over the Last Century [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2001, 25(4): 405-409.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] . Studies on physiology of floral induction and zearalenone[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1995, 12(专辑3): 18 -29 .
[2] Wu Jian-feng. Lichen Ptant in Langskan Area Nantong[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1993, 10(01): 62 .
[3] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2000, 17(05): 478 .
[4] WANG Zheng-Feng ZHANG Jun-Li LI Ming-Guang WANG Bo-Sun HE Xing-Jin PENG Shao-Lin. Advances of Plant Molecular Ecology (Ⅰ)—— Genetic Structure and Hybridization[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2001, 18(06): 635 -642 .
[5] Zhao Yu-hua. Effect of the Plant Cold-resister on Overcoming Rice Seedling Decay in Low Temperature Stress in our County[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1994, 11(特辑): 97 -99 .
[6] Danlong Jing, Jiang Ma, Bo Zhang, Yiyang Han, Zhixiong Liu, Faju Chen. Expression Analysis of MwAG in Different Organs and Developmental Stages of Magnolia wufengensis[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2013, 48(2): 145 -150 .
[7] Li Xiang-gan. The Population Characteristics and determination of Biomass in the Quercus acutissima Forest Community on Mount Lao[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1987, 11(1): 21 -31 .
[8] MIAO Bao-He, LI Xiang-Dong, LIU Bo, HE Qi-Ping, ZHU Tao, LIU Xing-Tan, ZHU Qi-Yu, QIAO Guang-Fa, FAN Ting-An, CHEN Cheng-Jun, DONG Qing-Yu, YU Song-Lie. EFFECT OF WAVING-CANOPY CULTURAL TYPE ON ACTIVE OXYGEN AND MEMBRANE LIPID METABOLISM PEROXIDATION OF HIGH OIL SOYBEAN LEAVES[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2008, 32(3): 673 -680 .
[9] REN Jian-Yi, LIN Yue, YUE Ming. SEED GERMINATION CHARACTERISTICS OF BETULA ALBO-SINENSIS AT MOUNTAIN TAIBAI, CHINA[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2008, 32(4): 883 -890 .
[10] ZHOU Yong, ZHENG Lu-Yu, ZHU Min-Jie, LI Xia, REN An-Zhi, and GAO Yu-Bao. Effects of fungal endophyte infection on soil properties and microbial communities in the host grass habitat[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2014, 38(1): 54 -61 .