Chin J Plan Ecolo ›› 2013, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (7): 684-690.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1258.2013.00071

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of different soil textures on the growth and distribution of root system and yield in peanut

JIA Li-Hua, ZHAO Chang-Xing, WANG Yue-Fu*, and WANG Ming-Lun   

  1. Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Dryland Farming Technology, College of Agronomy and Plant Protection, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao 266109, China
  • Received:2013-02-25 Revised:2013-05-10 Online:2013-07-05 Published:2013-07-01
  • Contact: WANG Yue-Fu E-mail:wangyuefu01@163.com
  • Supported by:

    (Nycytx-19)

Abstract:

Aims This paper explores soil types to suit the development of root system and improve the yield of peanut (Arachis hypogaea).
Methods We used the method of box-planted cultivation to study the effects of different soil textures, i.e., sandy, loam and clay soils, on the development and distribution of root system and yield of peanut.
Important findings Root dry matter weight of peanut in sandy and loam soils was higher significantly than in clay soil; however, in the later growth stage, the decrease of root dry matter weight of peanut in clay soil is relative slow compared with peanut in loam and sandy soil. In clay soil, the root system of peanut was mainly distributed in the shallow soil layer, but the decrease of root activity in the upper layers was much slower in the late growth period. Sandy soil was helpful for the root system of peanut to grow to the deeper soil layer, but the decrease of root activity in the surface layers was faster in the later growth period. The effects of loam soil on the spatial and temporal distribution of the development and activity of peanut roots were between sandy and clay soil. Sandy soil favored enlargement of the peanut pod, and the dry matter accumulation of peanut pod in sandy soil was earlier and faster, but the dry matter accumulation in the later growth period was less in sandy soil. In loam soil, the dry matter accumulation of peanut pod was mainly concentrated in middle and later periods, while clay soil was not suitable for the dry matter accumulation of peanut pod in the entire growth period. The pod yield, kernel yield and available pod number were largest in loam soil, second in sandy soil and lowest in clay soil. Results suggested that loam soil, with mid-levels of aeration and water and fertilizer conservation among the three soil textures, was most suitable for the growth and yield of peanut.

[1]Barber SA (1971). Effect of tillage practice on corn root distribution and morphology. Agronomy Journal, 63,724-72 [2]Li C H, Li S L, Wang Q, Hou S, Jing J(2004)(2004).Effect of different textural soils on root dynamic growth in corn.李潮海李胜利王群侯松荆棘不同质地土壤对玉米根系生长动态的影响中国农业科学,37(9):1334-1340 [3]Lu H D, Xue J Q, Ma G S, Hao Y C, Zhang R H, Ma X F(2010). Soil physical and chemical properties and root distribution in high yielding spring maize fields in Yulin, Shaanxi Province. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 21(4): 895-900. (in Chinese) [陆海东,薛吉全,马国胜,郝引川,张仁和,马向峰(2010). 陕西榆林春玉米高产土壤理化性状及根系分布.应用生态学报, 21(4): 895-900. [4]Lu W P, Zhang Q L, Lu J D, Wang Z, Zong S Y(1999). Relationship of root activity to dry matter accumulation and grain yield in maize(Zea mays L.).Acta Agronomica Sinica, 25(6): 718-722. (in Chinese)[陆卫平,张其龙,卢家栋,王昭,宗寿余(1999).玉米群体根系活力与物质积累量及产量的关系.作物学报, ,25(6): 718-722. [5]Kang S Z, Zhang J H, Liang J S(1999). Combined effects of soil water content and temperature on plant root hydraulic conductivity Acta Phytoecologica Sinica. 23(3):211~219.(in Chinese) [康绍忠,张建华,梁建生(1999).土壤水分与温度共同作用对植物根系水分传导的效应.植物生态学报,23(3):211~219. [6]Ma Y X(1987). Effect of different textural soils on root dynamic growth in wheat. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 13(1): 37-44. (in Chinese) [马元喜(1987).不同土壤对小麦根系生长动态的研究. 作物学报, 13(1): 37-44. [7]Ma X M,Wang X C,Ni J H, Liu G (2003)S.Characteristics of tobacco root development on different types of soil. Acta Tabacaria Sinica, 9(1): 39-44. (in Chinese) [马新明,王小纯,倪纪恒,刘国顺(2003).不同土壤类型烟草根系发育特点研究.中国烟草学报, 9(1): 39-44. [8]Paul W U,Thomas C K(1994). Soil compaction and root growth: A Review. Agronomy Journal, 86, 759-766 [9]Plde Fraitas, Zobel R W, Snyder V A(1999).Corn root growth in soil columns with artificially constructed aggregates.Crop Science,39:725-730 [10]Wang H Y(1990). Soil Fertilizer Science 1 edn. Beijing: China Agricultural Press, 20-21. (in Chinese) [王荫槐(1990).土壤与肥料学. 第版. 中国农业出版社, 20-21. [11]Wang K J, Zheng H J, Liu K C, Zhang J W, Dong S T and Hu C H(2001). Evolution of maize root distribution in space-time during maize varieties replacing in china. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica. 25(4):472~475.(in Chinese) [王空军,郑洪建,刘开昌,张吉旺,董树亭,胡昌浩(2001).我国玉米品种更替过程中根系时空分布特性的演变.植物生态学报,25(4):472~475 [12]Wang Y F, Yu Z W, Li S X, Yu S L(2003). Effects of nitrogen rates and soil fertility levels on root nitrogen absorption and assimilation and grain protein content of winter wheat. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science. 9(1): 39-44. (in Chinese) [王月福,于振文,李尚霞,余松烈(2003).土壤肥力和施氮量对小麦根系氮同化及子粒蛋白质含量的影响.植物营养与肥料学报, 9(1): 39-44. [13]Wang Y F, Xu L, Zhao C M, Wang M L (2012). Effects of phosphorus application on nitrogen accumulation sources and yield of peanut. Chinese Journal of Soil Science, 43(2): 444-449. (in Chinese) [王月福,徐亮,赵长星,王铭伦(2012).施磷对花生积累氮素来源和产量的影响.土壤通报, 43(2): 444-449. [14]Yang Q H, Gao E M, Ma X M(2001). Dynamic of dry weight of maize roots and root distribution in two soils. Chinese Journal of Soil Science, 32(5): 237-240. (in Chinese) [杨青华,高尔明,马新明(2001).不同土壤类型对玉米根系干重变化及其分布的影响.土壤通报,32(5): 238-240. [15]Yang Y M, Li J Q, Song M K(1991).Effect of texture soils on of pod and yield of summer peanut.Chinese Journal of Oil Crop Sciences,2:82-84 [16]Zou Q(2000). Guide to Plant Physiology. Beijing: China Agricultural Press, 62-63. (in Chinese) [邹琦(2000). 植物生理学实验指导. 北京: 中国农业出版社, 62-63.
No related articles found!
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2002, 19(01): 121 -124 .
[2] ZHANG Shi-Gong;GAO Ji-Yin and SONG Jing-Zhi. Effects of Betaine on Activities of Membrane Protective Enzymes in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Seedlings Under NaCl Stress[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1999, 16(04): 429 -432 .
[3] SHE Chao-WenSONG Yun-Chun LIU Li-Hua. Analysis on the G_banded Karyotypes and Its Fluctuation at Different Mitotic Phases and Stages in Triticum tauschii (Aegilops squarrosa)[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2001, 18(06): 727 -734 .
[4] Guijun Yang, Wenjiang Huang, Jihua Wang, Zhurong Xing. Inversion of Forest Leaf Area Index Calculated from Multi-source and Multi-angle Remote Sensing Data[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2010, 45(05): 566 -578 .
[5] Man Chen, YishengTu, Linan Ye, Biyun Yang. Effect of Amino Acids on Thallus Growth and Huperzine-A Accumulation in Huperzia serrata[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2017, 52(2): 218 -224 .
[6] Yefei Shang, Ming Li, Bo Ding, Hao Niu, Zhenning Yang, Xiaoqiang Chen, Gaoyi Cao, Xiaodong Xie. Advances in Auxin Regulation of Plant Stomatal Development[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2017, 52(2): 235 -240 .
[7] CUI Xiao-Yong, Du Zhan-Chi, Wang Yan-Fen. Photosynthetic Characteristics of a Semi-arid Sandy Grassland Community in Inner Mongolia[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2000, 24(5): 541 -546 .
[8] LI Wei, ZHANG Ya-Li, HU Yuan-Yuan, YANG Mei-Sen, WU Jie, and ZHANG Wang-Feng. Research on the photoprotection and photosynthesis characteristics of young cotton leaves under field conditions[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2012, 36(7): 662 -670 .
[9] WEI Jie, YU Hui, KUANG Ting-Yun, BEN Gui-Ying. Ultrastructure of Polygonum viviparum L. Grown at Different Elevations on Qinghai Plateau[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2000, 24(3): 304 -307 .
[10] CHEN Jin, LI Yang, HUANG Jian-Hui. Decomposition of mixed litter of four dominant species in an Inner Mongolia steppe[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2011, 35(1): 9 -16 .