植物生态学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (4): 484-492.DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2021.0360

所属专题: 青藏高原植物生态学:植被生态学 青藏高原植物生态学:数据论文

• 数据论文 • 上一篇    

青藏高原地区气候图解数据集

胡潇飞1, 魏临风1, 程琦1, 吴星麒1, 倪健1,2,*()()   

  1. 1浙江师范大学化学与生命科学学院, 浙江金华 321004
    2浙江金华山亚热带森林生态系统野外科学观测研究站, 浙江金华 321004
  • 收稿日期:2021-10-11 接受日期:2021-12-02 出版日期:2022-04-20 发布日期:2021-12-16
  • 通讯作者: 倪健
  • 基金资助:
    第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究项目(2019QZKK04020302)

A climate diagram atlas of Qingzang Plateau

HU Xiao-Fei1, WEI Lin-Feng1, CHENG Qi1, WU Xing-Qi1, NI Jian1,2,*()()   

  1. 1College of Chemistry and Life Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, Zhejiang 321004, China
    2Jinhua Mountain Observation and Research Station for Subtropical Forest Ecosystems, Jinhua, Zhejiang 321004, China
  • Received:2021-10-11 Accepted:2021-12-02 Online:2022-04-20 Published:2021-12-16
  • Contact: NI Jian

摘要:

气候图解可以直观反映气象台站基本信息和气温、降水等气象数据, 是研究植被与气候关系的有效方式。为便于了解青藏高原不同植被区域气候特征, 进一步认识青藏高原植被与气候关系, 该文基于1951-1980年与1981-2010年青藏高原地区国家地面气象台站基本信息和各30年平均观测数据, 依据《中国植被》所述标准制作每个气象台站的气候图解。论文提供了青藏高原地区主要台站气候图解集, 包括两个30年时间段共计205幅图解。研究表明: (1)青藏高原地区气温和降水总体水平偏低, 前后30年年平均气温和年降水量整体呈上升趋势; (2)青藏高原地区各气象台站记录值随植被区域不同表现出较大差异。虽然青藏高原西部地区的气象台站数量很少, 但该数据集仍涵盖了高原面上的不同植被地带, 可有效运用于高原植被与气候关系研究, 为展示高原气候环境等提供便利。

关键词: 气候图解, 图集, 青藏高原, 植被区域, 气候变化

Abstract:

Climate diagram can be used to reflect visually observation data of temperature and precipitation as well as information of weather stations. It is an effective tool for studying the relationship between vegetation and climate. This paper aims to provide the atlas of climate diagrams of the Qingzang Plateau, based on the 30-year averaged observational records of national surface weather stations during 1951-1980 and 1981-2010, respectively, in order to understand the plateau climate feature of every vegetation region and to further explore the vegetation- climate relationships on the plateau. The atlas of climate diagrams of 205 weather stations on the Qingzang Plateau for both the two 30-year periods were produced according to the standard of climate diagrams in Vegetation of China. Results showed that the temperature and precipitation of the Qingzang Plateau were overall low in the whole year but relatively higher in summer, and differed obviously among different vegetation regions. The mean annual temperature and annual precipitation showed an increasing trend from the first 30-year period of 1951-1980 to the later one of 1981-2010. Although the number of weather stations in the western plateau is very sparse, this climate diagram dataset covers every vegetation regions of the plateau surface. This atlas can be used effectively to study the relationships between vegetation and climate, and conveniently to display the climate environment of the plateau.

Key words: climate diagram, atlas, Qingzang Plateau, vegetation region, climate change