|||Archer SR, Andersen EM, Predick KI, Schwinning S, Steidl RJ, Woods SR (2017). Woody plant encroachment: Causes and consequences. In: Briske DD ed. Rangeland Systems. Springer, New York. 25-84.|
|||Archer SR, Schimel DS, Holland EA (1995). Mechanisms of shrubland expansion: Land use, climate or CO2? Climatic Change, 29, 91-99.|
|||Barger NN, Archer SR, Campbell JL, Huang CY, Morton JA, Knapp AK (2011). Woody plant proliferation in North American drylands: A synthesis of impacts on ecosystem carbon balance. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, G00K07. DOI: 10.1029/2010JG001506.|
|||Chen LY, Li H, Zhang PJ, Zhao X, Zhou LH, Liu TY, Hu HF, Bai YF, Shen HH, Fang JY (2015). Climate and native grassland vegetation as drivers of the community structures of shrub-encroached grasslands in Inner Mongolia, China. Landscape Ecology, 30, 1627-1641.|
Darrouzet-Nardi A, D’Antonio CM, Dawson TE (2006). Depth of water acquisition by invading shrubs and resident herbs in a Sierra Nevada meadow. Plant and Soil, 285, 31-43.
Eldridge DJ, Bowker MA, Maestre FT, Roger E, Reynolds JF, Whitford WG (2011). Impacts of shrub encroachment on ecosystem structure and functioning: Towards a global synthesis. Ecology Letters, 14, 709-722.
|||Eldridge DJ, Soliveres S, Bowker MA, Val J (2013). Grazing dampens the positive effects of shrub encroachment on ecosystem functions in a semi-arid woodland. Journal of Applied Ecology, 50, 1028-1038.|
|||Gao Q, Liu T (2015). Causes and consequences of shrub encroachment in arid and semiarid region: A disputable issue. Arid Land Geography, 38, 1202-1212.|
|[ 高琼, 刘婷 (2015). 干旱半干旱区草原灌丛化的原因及影响-争议与进展. 干旱区地理, 38, 1202-1212.]|
|||Gross N, Suding KN, Lavorel S, Roumet C (2007). Complementarity as a mechanism of coexistence between functional groups of grasses. Journal of Ecology, 95, 1296-1305.|
|||Grover HD, Musick HB (1990). Shrubland encroachment in southern New Mexico, USA: An analysis of desertification processes in the American Southwest. Climatic Change, 17, 305-330.|
|||Holzapfel C, Mahall BE (1999). Bidirectional facilitation and interference between shrubs and annuals in the Mojave Desert. Ecology, 80, 1747-1761.|
Huxman TE, Wilcox BP, Breshears DD, Scott RL, Snyder KA, Small EE, Hultine K, Pockman WT, Jackson RB (2005). Ecohydrological implications of woody plant encroachment. Ecology, 86, 308-319.
|||Jackson RB, Banner JL, Jobbágy EG, Pockman WT, Wall DH (2002). Ecosystem carbon loss with woody plant invasion of grasslands. Nature, 418, 623-626.|
|||Knapp AK, Briggs JM, Collins SL, Archer SR, Bret-Harte MS, Ewers BE, Peters DP, Young DR, Shaver GR, Pendall E, Cleary MB (2008). Shrub encroachment in North American grasslands: Shifts in growth form dominance rapidly alters control of ecosystem carbon inputs. Global Change Biology, 14, 615-623.|
|||Lan ZC, Bai YF (2012). Testing mechanisms of N-enrichment- induced species loss in a semiarid Inner Mongolia grassland: Critical thresholds and implications for long-term ecosystem responses. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 367, 3125-3134.|
|||Lavorel S, Grigulis K, McIntyre S, Williams NSG, Garden D, Dorrough J, Berman S, Quétier F, Thébault A, Bonis A (2008). Assessing functional diversity in the field— Methodology matters! Functional Ecology, 22, 134-147.|
Li XY, Zhang SY, Peng HY, Hu X, Ma YJ (2013). Soil water and temperature dynamics in shrub-encroached grasslands and climatic implications: Results from Inner Mongolia steppe ecosystem of north China. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 171-172, 20-30.
|||Maestre FT, Bowker MA, Puche MD, Belén Hinojosa M, Martínez I, García-Palacios P, Castillo AP, Soliveres S, Luzuriaga AL, Sánchez AM, Carreira JA, Gallardo A, Escudero A (2009). Shrub encroachment can reverse desertification in semi-arid Mediterranean grasslands. Ecology Letters, 12, 930-941.|
|||Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005). Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Desertification Synthesis. World Resources Institute, Washington.|
|||Morgan JA, Milchunas DG, LeCain DR, West M, Mosier AR (2007). Carbon dioxide enrichment alters plant community structure and accelerates shrub growth in the shortgrass steppe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104, 14724-14729.|
|||Neilson RP (1986). High-resolution climatic analysis and southwest biogeography. Science, 232, 27-34.|
|||Parizek B, Rostagno CM, Sottini R (2002). Soil erosion as affected by shrub encroachment in northeastern Patagonia. Journal of Range Management, 55, 43-48.|
|||Peng HY, Li XY, Li GY, Zhang ZH, Zhang SY, Li L, Zhao GQ, Jiang ZY, Ma YJ (2013). Shrub encroachment with increasing anthropogenic disturbance in the semiarid Inner Mongolian grasslands of China. Catena, 109, 39-48.|
|||Pugnaire FI, Armas C, Maestre FT (2011). Positive plant interactions in the Iberian Southeast: Mechanisms, environmental gradients, and ecosystem function. Journal of Arid Environments, 75, 1310-1320.|
|||Ratajczak Z, DʼOdorico P, Nippert JB, Collins SL, Brunsell NA, Ravi S (2017). Changes in spatial variance during a grassland to shrubland state transition. Journal of Ecology, 105, 750-760.|
|||Roscher C, Weigelt A, Proulx R, Marquard E, Schumacher J, Weisser WW, Schmid B (2011). Identifying population- and community-level mechanisms of diversity-stability relationships in experimental grasslands. Journal of Ecology, 99, 1460-1469.|
Seifan M, Kadmon R (2006). Indirect effects of cattle grazing on shrub spatial pattern in a mediterranean scrub community. Basic and Applied Ecology, 7, 496-506.
Shackleton CM, Scholes RJ (2011). Above ground woody community attributes, biomass and carbon stocks along a rainfall gradient in the savannas of the central lowveld, South Africa. South African Journal of Botany, 77, 184-192.
|||Soliveres S, Eldridge DJ (2014). Do changes in grazing pressure and the degree of shrub encroachment alter the effects of individual shrubs on understorey plant communities and soil function? Functional Ecology, 28, 530-537.|
|||Thompson WA, Eldridge DJ (2005). Plant cover and composition in relation to density of Callitris glaucophylla(white cypress pine) along a rainfall gradient in eastern Australia. Australian Journal of Botany, 53, 545.|
|||Throop HL, Archer SR, Monger HC, Waltman S (2012). When bulk density methods matter: Implications for estimating soil organic carbon pools in rocky soils. Journal of Arid Environments, 77, 66-71.|
|||van Auken OW (2009). Causes and consequences of woody plant encroachment into western North American grasslands. Journal of Environmental Management, 90, 2931-2942.|
|||Walker B, Kinzig A, Langridge J (1999). Plant attribute diversity, resilience, and ecosystem function: The nature and significance of dominant and minor species. Ecosystems, 2, 95-113.|
|||Wan HW, Pan QM, Bai YF (2013). China grassland biodiversity monitoring network: Indicators and implementation plan. Biodiversity Science, 21, 639-650.|
|[ 万宏伟, 潘庆民, 白永飞 (2013). 中国草地生物多样性监测网络的指标体系及实施方案. 生物多样性, 21, 639-650.]|
|||Xiong XG, Han XG (2006). Application of state and transition models to discussing the thicketization of steppe in Xilin River Basin, Inner Mongolia. Acta Prataculturae Sinica, 15(2), 9-13.|
|[ 熊小刚, 韩兴国 (2006). 运用状态与过渡模式讨论锡林河流域典型草原的灌丛化. 草业学报, 15(2), 9-13.]|
Zarovali MP, Yiakoulaki MD, Papanastasis VP (2007). Effects of shrub encroachment on herbage production and nutritive value in semi-arid Mediterranean grasslands. Grass and Forage Science, 62, 355-363.
|||Zheng SX, Ren HY, Li WH, Lan ZC (2012). Scale-dependent effects of grazing on plant C:N:P stoichiometry and linkages to ecosystem functioning in the Inner Mongolia grassland. PLOS ONE, 7, e51750. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0051750.|
|||Zhou LH, Shen HH, Chen LY, Li H, Zhang PJ, Zhao X, Liu TY, Liu SS, Xing AJ, Hu HF, Fang JY (2019). Ecological consequences of shrub encroachment in the grasslands of northern China. Landscape Ecology, 34, 119-130.|
|||SONG Yuhan ZHANG Peng Guang-Ze JIN. Stoichiometric characteristics and influencing factors of C, N and P in shrub leaves in different successional stages of the mixed broadleaved-Korean pine forest [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2021, 45(9): 0-0.|
|||Jing-Hui ZHANG Zheng WANG Yong-Mei HUANG Hui-Ying CHEN Zhi-Yong LI Cun-Zhu LIANG. Effects of grassland utilization on the functional traits of dominant plants in temperate typical steppe [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2021, 45(8): 0-0.|
|||ZHU Wei-Na, ZHANG Guo-Long, ZHANG Pu-Jin, ZHANG Qian-Qian, REN Jin-Tao, XU Bu-Yun, QING Hua. Decomposition characteristics of leaf litters and roots of six main plant species and their relationships with functional traits in Stipa grandis steppe [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2021, 45(6): 606-616.|
|||WANG Yi, SUN Jian, YE Chong-Chong, ZENG Tao. Climatic factors drive the aboveground ecosystem functions of alpine grassland via soil microbial biomass nitrogen on the Qingzang Plateau [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2021, 45(5): 434-443.|
|||WANG Zhao-Ying, CHEN Xiao-Ping, CHENG Ying, WANG Man-Tang, ZHONG Quan-Lin, LI Man, CHENG Dong-Liang. Leaf and fine root economics spectrum across 49 woody plant species in Wuyi Mountains [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2021, 45(3): 242-252.|
|||CHUAN Hui-Yan, JIA Dong-Rui, PU Jiang, ZHANG Cui-Ping, LI Shu-Ying, ZHOU Yuan-Qing. Structural characteristics of Keteleeria davidiana forest communities in Xinping, Yunnan [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2021, 45(2): 207-212.|
|||SHI Jiao-Xing, XU Ming-Shan, FANG Xiao-Chen, ZHENG Li-Ting, ZHANG Yu, BAO Di-Feng, YANG An-Na, YAN En-Rong. Latitudinal variability and driving factors of functional diversity in Pinus thunbergiicommunities across sea-islands in Eastern China [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2021, 45(2): 163-173.|
|||JING Xin, HE Jin-Sheng. The relationship between biodiversity, ecosystem multifunctionality and multiserviceability: literature overview and research advances [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2021, 45(10): 0-0.|
|||Zhou-Yuan LI Xiao-Zhou YE Shaopeng Wang. Ecosystem stability and its relationship with biodiversity [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2021, 45(10): 0-0.|
|||Hai-Dong LI Xin-Wei WU Zhi-Shu XIAO. Assembly, ecosystem functions and stability in species interaction networks [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2021, 45(10): 0-0.|
|||. Effects of plant functional traits on ecosystem services: a review [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2021, 45(10): 0-0.|
|||LIU Run-Hong, BAI Jin-Lian, BAO Han, NONG Juan-Li, ZHAO Jia-Jia, JIANG Yong, LIANG Shi-Chu, LI Yue-Juan. Variation and correlation in functional traits of main woody plants in the Cyclobalanopsis glauca community in the karst hills of Guilin, southwest China [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2020, 44(8): 828-841.|
|||CAO Jia-Yu, LIU Jian-Feng, YUAN Quan, XU De-Yu, FAN Hai-Dong, CHEN Hai-Yan, TAN Bin, LIU Li-Bin, YE Duo, NI Jian. Traits of shrubs in forests and bushes reveal different life strategies [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2020, 44(7): 715-729.|
|||FENG Ji-Guang, ZHU Biao. A review on the effects of nitrogen and phosphorus addition on tree growth and productivity in forest ecosystems [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2020, 44(6): 583-597.|
|||YI Hai-Yan, ZENG Yuan, ZHAO Yu-Jin, ZHENG Zhao-Ju, XIONG Jie, ZHAO Dan. Forest species diversity mapping based on clustering algorithm [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2020, 44(6): 598-615.|