Chin J Plant Ecol ›› 2023, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (4): 469-478.DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2022.0071

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Estimation of carbon storage in Shaanxi Yellow River Wetland Provincial Nature Reserve

XU Gan-Jun1, WU Sheng-Yi1, LI Wei2, ZHAO Xin-Sheng2, NIE Lei-Chao2, TANG Xi-Ying2, ZHAI Xia-Jie2,*()   

  1. 1. Northwest Surveying, Planning and Designing Institute of National Forestry and Grassland Administration, Xiʼan 710048, China
    2. Beijing Key Laboratory of Wetland Services and Restoration, Institute of Wetland Research, Institute of Ecological Conservation and Restoration, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China
  • Received:2022-02-21 Accepted:2022-07-28 Online:2023-04-20 Published:2022-07-29
  • Contact: *(


Aims Ecosystem services such as carbon sequestration and climate regulation of wetland ecosystems are very important. Accurately assessing the carbon storage of natural reserves in the Yellow River Basin is helpful for carbon neutrality research and regional ecological protection and high-quality development.

Methods Based on field sampling and laboratory analysis, combined with remote sensing data, this study assessed carbon storage in the aboveground plant biomass and the top 50 cm soils of typical natural vegetation in Shaanxi Yellow River Wetland Provincial Nature Reserve. The total target area for assessment is 13 086.52 hm2, accounting for 23.87% of the nature reserve.

Important findings The results showed that the aboveground carbon storage of the tall-grass vegetation was significantly higher than that of the short-grass vegetation and shrubland, and their carbon densities were 496.73, 23.45 and 138.38 g·m-2, respectively; the carbon density of the soil at 0-50 cm was 7.15-11.98 kg·m-2, and the soil carbon storage in the tall-grass vegetation area (5.02 × 105 t) was significantly higher than that of the beach without vegetation (2.09 × 105 t), the short-grass vegetation area (3.40 × 105 t) and short-shrubland area (1.45 × 105 t); finally, combining the aboveground carbon storage in plant biomass and the soil carbon storage in the top 50 cm, the total carbon storage is estimated around 1.22 × 106 t for the natural vegetation area of Shaanxi Yellow River Wetland Provincial Nature Reserve, of which proportions of carbon storage were 17.13%, 27.95%, 12.13% and 42.79% for beaches, short-grass vegetation area, short-shrubland, and tall-grass vegetation area. These results can provide basic data for the protection and restoration of natural wetlands and the improvement of carbon sink function in the middle reaches of the Yellow River.

Key words: wetland, carbon storage, vegetation, soil