植物生态学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (4): 353-362.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1258.2012.00353

• 综述 • 上一篇    

基于功能性状的生态系统服务研究框架

肖玉(),谢高地,安凯,鲁春霞   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2011-07-05 接受日期:2012-02-20 出版日期:2012-04-01 发布日期:2012-03-28
  • 通讯作者: 肖玉

A research framework of ecosystem services based on functional traits

XIAO Yu(),XIE Gao-Di,AN Kai,LU Chun-Xia   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2011-07-05 Accepted:2012-02-20 Online:2012-04-01 Published:2012-03-28
  • Contact: XIAO Yu

摘要:

功能性状通过影响生态系统的属性和过程及其维持来影响生态系统服务。功能多样性-生态系统功能关系的研究有助于深入探讨生态系统服务形成机制, 也为生态系统服务研究提供了一个切入点。该文对目前的功能性状和生态系统服务研究框架进行了介绍, 回顾了功能多样性-生态系统功能关系的研究现状, 总结了目前功能性状在生态系统服务研究中的应用, 提出了基于功能性状的生态系统服务研究框架。在这个研究框架中, 首先选取对生态系统功能影响显著的非生物因子和功能多样性指数, 然后量化非生物因子和功能多样性与生态系统功能, 以及生态系统功能-生态系统服务之间的关系, 进而构建功能多样性与生态系统服务的数量关系。与此同时, 利用群落构建理论和物种共存机制分析功能多样性-生态系统功能变化的机制联系, 以研究生态系统服务形成和变化机制, 为生态系统服务管理决策提供科学依据。

关键词: 生态系统服务, 功能多样性, 功能性状, 功能多样性-生态系统功能关系, 研究框架

Abstract:

Functional traits influence ecosystem services through their effects on ecosystem attributes, processes and their maintenance. Research on the relationship between functional diversity and ecosystem function can contribute to investigating the mechanism of ecosystem functioning and services supplied, which provides insight on ecosystem services. This study reviewed research on functional traits and framework of ecosystem services, relationship between functional diversity and ecosystem function and application of functional traits in ecosystem services. We proposed a framework of ecosystem services based on functional traits. First, abiotic factors and functional diversity indices that significantly affected ecosystem function should be investigated. Second, (a) quantitative relationships between abiotic factors and functional indices and ecosystem function and (b) quantitative relationships between ecosystem function and ecosystem services should be developed. Third, quantitative relationships between functional diversity and ecosystem services should be constructed. At the same time, community assembly theory and species co-existence mechanism should be incorporated into the investigation of the mechanism relationship between functional diversity and ecosystem function to analyze the mechanism of formation and variation of ecosystem services. The results of ecosystem services based on functional traits can support a scientific basis for the process of decision-making in ecosystem management.

Key words: ecosystem services, functional diversity, functional traits, relationship between functional diversity and ecosystem function, research framework