Chin J Plant Ecol ›› 2007, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (3): 413-424.DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2007.0050

• Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles


ZHU Wen-Quan(), PAN Yao-Zhong, ZHANG Jin-Shui*()   

  1. Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster of Ministry of Education, College of Resources Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2006-02-15 Accepted:2006-06-24 Online:2007-02-15 Published:2007-05-30
  • Contact: ZHANG Jin-Shui


Aims Net primary productivity (NPP) is a key component of the terrestrial carbon cycle. Model simulation is commonly used to estimate regional and global NPP given difficulties to directly measure NPP at such spatial scales. A number of NPP models have been developed in recent years as research issues related to food security and biotic response to climatic warming have become more compelling. However, large uncertainties still exist because of the complexity of ecosystems and difficulties in determining some key model parameters.
Methods We developed an estimation model of NPP based on geographic information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) technology. The vegetation types and their classification accuracy are simultaneously introduced to the computation of some key vegetation parameters, such as the maximum value of normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) for different vegetation types. This can remove some noise from the remote sensing data and the statistical errors of vegetation classification. It also provides a basis for the sensitivity analysis of NPP on the classification accuracy. The maximum light use efficiency (LUE) for some typical vegetation types in China is simulated using a modified least squares function based on NOAA/AVHRR remote sensing data and field-observed NPP data. The simulated values of LUE are greater than the value used in the CASA model and less than the values simulated with the BIOME-BGC model. The computation of the water restriction factor is driven with ground meteorological data and remote sensing data, and complex soil parameters are avoided. Results are compared with other studies and models.
Important findings The simulated mean NPP in Chinese terrestrial vegetation from 1989-1993 is 3.12 Pg C (1 Pg=1015 g). The simulated NPP is close to the observed NPP, and the total mean relative error is 4.5% for 690 NPP observation stations distributed in the whole country. This illustrates the utility of the model for the estimation of terrestrial primary production over regional scales.

Key words: biomass, remote sensing, simulation, NPP, NDVI, China