植物生态学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (11): 1071-1081.DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2018.0138

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

外来入侵植物对土壤氮转化主要过程及相关微生物的影响

陈宝明1,*(),韦慧杰1,陈伟彬1,朱政财2,原亚茹1,张永隆1,蓝志刚3   

  1. 1中山大学生命科学学院, 有害生物控制与资源利用国家重点实验室, 广州 510275
    2广州市增城区林业和园林科学研究所, 广州 511300
    3广州市增城区林业资源综合管护中心, 广州 511300
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-09 接受日期:2018-11-05 出版日期:2018-11-20 发布日期:2019-03-13
  • 通讯作者: 陈宝明
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(31670479);广东省自然科学基金(2017A030313187);广东省自然科学基金(2016A030313287)

Effects of plant invasion on soil nitrogen transformation processes and its associated microbes

CHEN Bao-Ming1,*(),WEI Hui-Jie1,CHEN Wei-Bin1,ZHU Zheng-Cai2,YUAN Ya-Ru1,ZHANG Yong-Long1,LAN Zhi-Gang3   

  1. 1School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-Sen University, State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2Institute of Forestry and Landscaping of Guangzhou Zengcheng, Guangzhou 511300
    3Forest Resources Management and Protection Center of Guangzhou Zengcheng, Guangzhou 511300
  • Received:2018-06-09 Accepted:2018-11-05 Online:2018-11-20 Published:2019-03-13
  • Contact: Bao-Ming CHEN
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(31670479);the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong(2017A030313187);the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong(2016A030313287)

摘要:

外来入侵植物不仅影响植物群落组成、生物多样性以及生态系统的结构和功能, 而且显著影响土壤氮(N)的转化过程。外来入侵植物对N循环影响的研究已成为入侵生态学的研究热点。N循环与凋落物的分解和养分释放有关, 外来入侵植物能够改变凋落物的组成与结构, 进而影响土壤的N转化过程。另外, 外来入侵植物的化感作用也会影响土壤N转化过程, 这些作用与土壤微生物的结构与功能变化密不可分。该文主要从凋落物分解与养分释放及外来入侵植物化感作用两个方面综述了外来入侵植物对土壤N转化的影响, 总结了外来入侵植物对土壤N转化相关土壤微生物(尤其是氨氧化细菌与氨氧化古菌)的影响, 探讨了土壤N转化对外来植物入侵的反馈, 并探讨了丛植菌根真菌与外来入侵植物的互相影响。

关键词: 生物入侵, 化感, 凋落物, 硝化, 氨氧化微生物, 丛枝菌根真菌

Abstract:

Invasive alien plants not only influence plant community composition, biodiversity and ecosystem structure and function, but also have severe impacts on soil nitrogen transformation processes. The effects of invasive alien plants on nitrogen (N) cycling have been one of the hot topics in invasion ecology. Litter decomposition and its nutrient release play an important role in nutrient cycling. In addition, invasive alien plants have the potential to influence soil N transformation through allelopathy. All these processes are tightly related to soil microbes. Therefore, this review mainly focuses on litter decomposition and its nutrient release, and allelopathy to understand the effects of plant invasion on soil N transformation. Changes in soil N transformation and soil microbes (esp. Ammonia oxidizing bacteria and Ammonia oxidizing archaea) due to plant invasion, as well as the feedbacks of these changes to further invasion of alien plants were discussed. Finally, the interactions between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and plant invasion were reviewed.

Key words: biological invasion, allelopathy, litter, nitrification, ammonia oxidizer, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi