Chin J Plan Ecolo ›› 2015, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (9): 857-866.doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2015.0082

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Responses of soil water content to change in plant functional traits in evergreen broadleaved forests in eastern Zhejiang Province

XU Ming-Shan, HUANG Hai-Xia, SHI Qing-Ru, YANG Xiao-Dong, ZHOU Liu-Li, ZHAO Yan-Tao, ZHANG Qing-Qing, YAN En-Rong*()   

  1. School of Ecological and Environmental Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China;and Tiantong National Forest Ecosystem Observation and Research Station, Ningbo, Zhejiang 315114, China
  • Received:2015-03-23 Accepted:2015-08-04 Online:2015-09-23 Published:2015-09-03
  • Contact: En-Rong YAN
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

Abstract: <i>Aims</i>

Study on the relationships between plant functional traits and soil water content is important for revealing potential impact of vegetation dynamics on soil water dynamics. The objective of this study was to understand the change of soil water content (Ws) through forest succession.


The study sites are located in Tiantong, Nanshan and Shuangfeng Mountains in eastern Zhejiang Province. We measured 10 functional traits for common plant species and Ws in forest plots representative of three successional stages of evergreen broadleaved forests. The Pearson correlation and the stepwise regression were conducted to determine the quantitative relationships between plant functional traits and Ws.

<i>Important findings</i>

Tree height (H), crown area (CA) and leaf dry matter content (LDMC) were significantly higher for species at intermediate-and late-successional stages than for species at early-successional stage. In contrast, max net photosynthetic rate (Pmax) and transpiration rate (Tr) of dominant species declined with forest succession. The Ws in the surface soil layer (0-20 cm) increased significantly, whereas Ws in the subsurface soil layer (20-40 cm) did not significantly change through forest succession. With respect to the surface soil layer, Ws was positively correlated with each of H, CA and LDMC, but negatively correlated with each of Pmax and Tr. With respect to the subsurface soil layer, Ws positively correlated with CA only, and negatively correlated with each of Pmax, stomatal conductance (Cond) and Tr. Variation in soil water content with forest succession could be explained mostly by H, CA, LDMC, Pmax, Cond and Tr, and the ratio of crown depth to tree height (CD/TH) was mostly sensitive to the change of soil water content during forest succession.

Key words: evergreen broadleaved forest, soil water content, response strategy, successional series, plant functional traits

Table 1

Characteristics of selected 9 plots across successional series in Shuangfeng, Tiantong and Nanshan in eastern Zhejing Province"

Fig. 1

Changes of functional traits at the community level across successional stages of evergreen broadleaved forests in eastern Zhejiang Province (mean ± SE). I, early-stage; II, middle-stage; III, late-stage. Different letters indicate significant differences between each pair of successional stages (p < 0.05)."

Fig. 2

Changes of soil water content across successional stages of evergreen broadleaved forests in eastern Zhejiang Province (mean ± SE). I, early-stage; II, middle-stage; III, late-stage. Different letters indicate significant differences between each pair of successional stages (p < 0.05)."

Table 2

Pearson correlation between soil water content and plant functional traits across successional stages of evergreen broadleaved forests in eastern Zhejiang Province"

Soil layer
Tree height
The ratio of crown depth to tree height
leaf area
leaf area
Leaf dry
Max net
0-20 cm -0.24 0.85** 0.71** -0.04 0.11 -0.69 0.82** -0.80* -0.45 -0.80*
20-40 cm -0.08 0.56 0.82** -0.24 0.20 -0.20 0.75 -0.96*** -0.88** -0.75*

Table 3

Pearson correlation between morphological and physiological of plant species in evergreen broadleaved forests in eastern Zhejiang Province"

The ratio of crown depth to tree height
Individual leaf
Specific leaf area
Leaf dry matter content
Max net photosynthetic rate
0.29** 0.38** 0.30** 0.06 -0.09 -0.18* 0.20**
气孔导度 Stomatal conductance 0.03 0.08 0.01 -0.03 -0.07 0.11 0.17**
蒸腾速率 Transpiration rate 0.02 0.04 0.01 -0.04 -0.06 0.08 0.26**
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