植物生态学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (生态系统结构与功能): 0-0.DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2020.0142

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植物功能性状对生态系统服务影响研究进展

潘权1,郑华1,王志恒2,文志1,杨延征1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院生态环境研究中心
    2. 北京大学城市与环境学院生态系
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-11 修回日期:2020-12-11 出版日期:2021-05-05 发布日期:2020-12-17
  • 通讯作者: 郑华
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金;国家自然科学基金

Effects of plant functional traits on ecosystem services: a review

  • Received:2020-05-11 Revised:2020-12-11 Online:2021-05-05 Published:2020-12-17

摘要: 全面认识和理解生态系统服务的形成机制是维持其持续供给的前提。植物功能性状直接参与多种生态系统过程,影响生态系统服务供给, 探讨植物功能性状与生态系统服务的关系是揭示生态系统服务形成机制重要途径。该文采用系统的文献综述方法, 分析了植物功能性状与生态系统服务关系的研究特点, 总结了影响不同生态系统服务的主要植物功能性状,阐述了可能的影响途径。结果表明: 植物功能性状与生态系统服务关系研究以草地和森林等自然生态系统为主; 大部分研究集中在生态系统产品提供服务和支持服务, 包括生物量、净初级生产力、土壤有机碳等; 根据植物功能性状对不同生态系统服务的影响程度,植物功能性状可以聚类为土壤保持服务相关性状、水分循环相关性状、多功能相关性状、产品提供服务与养分循环相关性状以及授粉与生物控制服务相关性状;并阐述了植物功能性状指标影响不同的生态系统服务途径。围绕植物功能性状对生态系统服务的影响, 今后尚需进一步探讨生态系统多功能性、植物功能性状相关性、气候变化和人类活动不确定性、时空尺度差异等因素对二者关系的影响。

关键词: 植物功能性状, 生态系统服务, 生态系统服务形成机制, 生态系统功能

Abstract: Aims Comprehensively understanding the formation mechanism of ecosystem services is a prerequisite for maintaining the sustainable supply of ecosystem services. Plant functional traits directly participate in a variety of ecosystem processes, which in turn affect the supply of ecosystem services. Revealing the relationship between plant functional traits and ecosystem services is an important way to understand the formation mechanism of ecosystem services. Methods Using a systematic literature review method, 86 papers on plant functional properties and ecosystem services were retrieved in the Web of Science database, 466 pairs of plant functional traits and ecosystem services, and 83 plant functional traits were counted. The research characteristics of the relationship between plant functional traits and ecosystem services were revealed, as well as the main plant functional traits that affect different ecosystem services and their impact mechanisms. Important findings The results show that the research on the relationship between plant functional traits and ecosystem services focuses on natural ecosystems such as grasslands and forests. Most of which focused on ecosystem products to provide services and support services, including biomass, net primary productivity, and soil organic carbon. Based on the impacts of plant functional traits on different ecosystem services, the plant functional traits can be clustered into five categories: soil-conservation-related traits, water-cycle-related traits, ecosystem-multifunction-related traits, product-providing-related traits, and pollination-biocontrol-related traits. The uncertainty of climate change and human activities, and differences in spatial and temporal scales on the relationship between plant functional traits and ecosystem services need to be further explored.

Key words: plant functional traits, ecosystem services, ecosystem service formation mechanisms, ecosystem functioning