植物生态学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (10): 1140-1153.DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2020.0142

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

植物功能性状对生态系统服务影响研究进展

潘权1,2, 郑华1,2,*(), 王志恒3, 文志1,2, 杨延征1   

  1. 1中国科学院生态环境研究中心, 城市与区域生态国家重点实验室, 北京 100085
    2中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
    3北京大学城市与环境学院生态研究中心, 地表过程分析与模拟教育部重点实验室, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-11 接受日期:2020-11-08 出版日期:2021-10-20 发布日期:2020-12-17
  • 通讯作者: 郑华
  • 作者简介:(zhenghua@rcees.ac.cn)
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41925005);国家自然科学基金(41871217)

Effects of plant functional traits on ecosystem services: a review

PAN Quan1,2, ZHENG Hua1,2,*(), WANG Zhi-Heng3, WEN Zhi1,2, YANG Yan-Zheng1   

  1. 1State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China
    2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3Institute of Ecology, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences and Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2020-05-11 Accepted:2020-11-08 Online:2021-10-20 Published:2020-12-17
  • Contact: ZHENG Hua
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41925005);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871217)

摘要:

全面认识和理解生态系统服务的形成机制是维持其持续供给的前提。植物功能性状直接参与多种生态系统过程, 影响生态系统服务供给, 探讨植物功能性状与生态系统服务的关系是揭示生态系统服务形成机制的重要途径。该文采用系统的文献综述方法, 分析了植物功能性状与生态系统服务关系的研究特点, 总结了影响不同生态系统服务的主要植物功能性状, 阐述了可能的影响途径。结果表明: 植物功能性状与生态系统服务关系研究以草地和森林等自然生态系统为主; 大部分研究集中在生态系统供给服务和支持服务, 包括生物量、净初级生产力、土壤肥力等; 根据植物功能性状对不同生态系统服务的影响程度, 植物功能性状可以聚类为土壤保持服务相关性状、水分循环相关性状、多功能相关性状、产品提供服务与养分循环相关性状以及授粉与生物控制服务相关性状; 并阐述了植物功能性状指标影响不同的生态系统服务途径。围绕植物功能性状对生态系统服务的影响, 今后尚需进一步探讨生态系统多功能性、植物功能性状相关性、气候变化和人类活动不确定性、时空尺度差异等因素对二者关系的影响。

关键词: 植物功能性状, 生态系统服务, 生态系统服务形成机制, 生态系统功能

Abstract:

Comprehensively understanding the mechanisms underlying the formation of ecosystem services is a prerequisite for maintaining the sustainable supply of ecosystem services. Plant functional traits directly participate in a variety of ecosystem processes, which in turn affect the supply of ecosystem services. Revealing the relationship between plant functional traits and ecosystem services is an important way to understand the formation mechanism of ecosystem services. Based on a systematic literature review, 86 papers on plant functional properties and ecosystem services were retrieved in the Web of Science database, and data for 466 pairs of plant functional traits and ecosystem services and 83 plant functional traits were collected. The current status of research on the relationship between plant functional traits and ecosystem services was revealed. Moreover, the main plant functional traits that affect different ecosystem services and their mechanisms underlying their impacts were also demonstrated. The results show that the research on the relationship between plant functional traits and ecosystem services mostly focuses on natural ecosystems such as grasslands and forests. Most of these studies focus on ecosystem products providing and supporting services, including biomass, net primary productivity, and soil fertility. Based on the impacts of plant functional traits on different ecosystem services, the plant functional traits can be clustered into five categories: soil-conservation-related traits, water-cycle-related traits, ecosystem- multifunction- related traits, product-providing-related traits, and pollination-biocontrol-related traits. The impacts of climate change, human activities, and variations in spatial and temporal scales on the relationship between plant functional traits and ecosystem services need to be further explored.

Key words: plant functional trait, ecosystem service, ecosystem service formation mechanism, ecosystem function